Maria Saal


Maria Saal
Maria Saal
Maria Saal 22032007 01.jpg
Coat of arms of Maria Saal
Maria Saal is located in Austria
{{{alt}}}
Maria Saal
Country Austria
State Carinthia
District Klagenfurt-Land
Mayor Richard Brachmaier (SPÖ)
Area 34.81 km2 (13 sq mi)
Elevation 505 m  (1657 ft)
Population 3,826 (1 January 2011)[1]
 - Density 110 /km² (285 /sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal code 9063
Area code 04223
Website www.mariasaal.at

Coordinates: 46°41′0″N 14°21′0″E / 46.683333°N 14.35°E / 46.683333; 14.35

Maria Saal (Slovene: Gospa Sveta) is a market town in the district of Klagenfurt-Land in the Austrian state of Carinthia. It is located in the east of the historic Zollfeld plain (Gosposvetsko polje), the wide valley of the Glan river. The municipality includes the cadastral communes of Kading, Karnburg, Möderndorf, Possau and St. Michael am Zollfeld.

Contents

History

The Zollfeld valley has been a cultural and political centre since Celtic tribes settled in the region. When their kingdom of Noricum had become a province of the Roman Empire in 15 BC, Emperor Claudius had the city of Virunum erected as the province's capital at the foot of the nearby Magdalensberg, where on the hill top a splendid Celtic settlement had already existed. Virunum became a centre of Early Christianity in the early 4th century as the see of a bishop under the jurisdiction of the Patriarch of Aquileia.

Maria Saal with Duke's Chair, engraving by Johann Weikhard von Valvasor, 1680

When pagan Slavic tribes entered the region around 590, they settled in a place called Krnski grad/Karnburg close to Virunum, which became the administrative centre of their Carantania principality. Here the ritual of installing the princes took place on the Prince's Stone, the base of an ancient Roman Ionic column originating from Virunum. The ceremony was continued in the local dialect of the Slovene language long into the Middle Ages. After Duke Odilo of Bavaria about 743 had vassalised the Carantanian prince Borut, the ritual was supplemented by a German-language ceremony at the Duke's Chair, a double throne made of stone, which can still be seen near Maria Saal.

The second Christianization of the area began at about 767 under Bishop Vergilius of Salzburg. His missionary Modestus had the first church of the Assumption of Mary built at Maria Saal/Gospa Sveta, across the plain from Krnski Grad/Karnburg, as the centre of his missionary activities. S. Maria ad Carantanum was first mentioned in a 860 deed, probably a smallish wooden church that has vanished long since. From this bishop's church - by no means a cathedral in the modern sense of the word - Christianity was spread all over Carantania.

After Charlemagne had finally deposed the Bavarian duke Tassilo III in 787, Karnburg remained the political capital when Carantania became a march of the Frankish realm. The East Frankish king Arnulf of Carinthia († 899), probably born in nearby Moosburg, built a Kaiserpfalz here. In 893 he appointed the Bavarian count Luitpold Margrave in the March of Carinthia, his Luitpolding descendants also ruled as Bavarian dukes.

When Emperor Emperor Otto II deposed Duke Henry II the Quarrelsome and finally separated Carinthia from Bavaria in 976, Karnburg also was the political centre of the duchy, a function that later was taken over by the ducal town of Sankt Veit an der Glan, a few miles to the north, and finally in the 16th century by the City of Klagenfurt to the south.

St Mary's Church

Cathedral

Maria Saal is famous for its large pilgrimage church in seemingly transitional style from Romanesque to Gothic. Not much remains from the Romanesque church that had replaced the bishop's church of Modestus and his successors. The present fortified church building goes back to the mid-15th century and is in high Gothic style, actually reconstructed within 20 years after the big fire of 1669.

In view of the church's predecessor, which, as the church of Bishop Modestus, was the religious center of Carinthia in the 8th century and practically an episcopal see until 945, the present church is popularly still called a "Dom", i.e. "cathedral", which it, of course, has never been. The Roman sarcophagus beneath the church is said to contain the remains of Modestus. Still today, however, it is a major pilgrimage site for both German- and Slovene-speaking Carinthians and even for Slovene nationals.[citation needed]

Notable people

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Maria Saa is twinned with:

References

Literature

"Maria Saal", Venice 2002, Alessandra Bettini Silvia Carraro; Tesi di laurea

Notes


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Maria Saal — Maria Saal …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Maria Saal — Blason inconnu …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maria Saal — Maria Saal,   Marktgemeinde nördlich von Klagenfurt, Kärnten, Österreich, 505 m über dem Meeresspiegel, 3 800 Einwohner; Kärntner Freilichtmuseum (Bauernhäuser) mit Bauernmöbelmuseum in …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Maria Saal — Maria Saal, Dorf in Kärnten, Bezirksh. Klagenfurt, an der Staatsbahnlinie Glandorf Klagenfurt, hat eine Wallfahrtskirche (aus dem 8. Jahrh., restauriert im 15. Jahrh.) und (1900) 615 (als Gemeinde 2080) deutsche Einwohner. Nördlich der aus… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Maria Saal — Original name in latin Maria Saal Name in other language Maria Saal State code AT Continent/City Europe/Vienna longitude 46.68083 latitude 14.34861 altitude 507 Population 0 Date 2011 07 31 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Maria Saal — n Мария Зааль маркт в Каринтии. Одно из наиболее известных мест паломничества. Сохранилась церковь XV в. с элементами крепостной архитектуры и романского стиля. Во внутреннем убранстве примечательны готические фрески, древнейший в Австрии… …   Австрия. Лингвострановедческий словарь

  • Liste der denkmalgeschützten Objekte in Maria Saal — Die Liste der denkmalgeschützten Objekte in Maria Saal enthält die denkmalgeschützten, unbeweglichen Objekte der Gemeinde Maria Saal.[1] Denkmäler Foto   Denkmal / Status Standort / GstNr. Beschreibung Metadaten ja …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marienkirche (Maria Saal) — Frontansicht der Marienkirche Südansicht der Marienkirche …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Freilichtmuseum Maria Saal — Gedächtnisstein zu Ehren des Gründers Oskar Moser …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Freilichtmuseum Maria Saal — n Музей под открытым небом в Мария Зааль экспозиция знакомит со старинным крестьянским бытом Каринтии. Представлены различные типы домов, хозяйственные постройки, жилища кузнеца, ткача, сапожника, токаря, лавка старьёвщика, деревенский… …   Австрия. Лингвострановедческий словарь


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.