- Kiowa County, Colorado
Infobox U.S. County
county = Kiowa County
state = Colorado
founded year = 1889
founded date = April 11
seat wl = Eads
largest city wl = Eads
city type = town
area_total_sq_mi = 1786
area_total_km2 = 4625
area_land_sq_mi = 1771
area_land_km2 = 4587
area_water_sq_mi = 15
area_water_km2 = 38
area percentage = 0.83%
census yr = 2000
pop = 1622
density_sq_mi = 0.9
density_km2 = 0.35
time zone = Mountain
UTC offset = -7
DST offset = -6
web = www.kiowacountycolo.com
named for = The
Kiowa County is the second least densely populated of the 64 counties of the
State of Coloradoof the United States. The county population was 1,622 at the 2000 census.cite web | url = http://www.census.gov/popest/counties/files/CO-EST2006-ALLDATA.csv | title = Annual County Population Estimates and Estimated Components of Change: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006 (CO-EST2006-alldata) | format = CSV | work = 2006 Population Estimates | publisher = United States Census Bureau, Population Division | date = 2007-03-22| accessdate = 2007-05-16] The county seatis Eads. The county was named for the Kiowa Nationof Native Americans.
and Creek massacre
November 29, 1864, more than a decade before Colorado became a state and long before Kiowa County was formed, a massacre of Native Americans, a group of old men, women, and children, occurred on Sand Creek that initially was greeted as a victory in the Colorado Waragainst hostile Indians; within months, Congressional inquiries revealed the truth, and a national scandal erupted. It happened in what is now Kiowa County, and is known as the Sand Creek Massacre.
John Evanseventually lost his job for his part in setting up the incident, and Colonel John Chivington, commander of the U.S. forces, was castigated by the United States Congressand the scandal followed him for the rest of his life. Evans would go on to make significant important contributions to the early Denver community and while Chivington also made some, his reputation remained tainted while Evans is still honored today.
In 2005, final land acquisitions by the
National Park Serviceallowed official designation of the Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site, but no park facilities have yet been erected. Only a plaque in the ground acknowledges the site, and it appears that this stone plaque is located in the wrong place.
Railroad and agriculture in the 1880s
In the late 1880s, eastern Colorado attracted a lot of attention by farming interests who didn't yet know that long-term
agriculturewas unsustainable in this arid landscape, and the railroads were snaking west across the plains towards the gold fields of the Rocky Mountainsduring the Colorado Gold Rush. The Missouri Pacific Railroadcrossed into what would soon become Kiowa County, Colorado from Kansas in 1887.
Several small camps for railroad workers were established just over the border from
Kansas, and beginning after the town of Sheridan Lake, new towns and camps were sequentially named, alphabetically, starting with "A" and proceeding westward along the railroad line.
Arden, Brandon, Chivington, Diston, Eads, Fergus, Galatea, Haswell, Inman, Joliet, and Kilburn appeared one after another, some developing into towns, others being only a pipe dream in the eyes of developers. Chivington was intended as a major watering stop for the railroad (a 60-room, $10,000 "crown jewel" hotel was initially built there), but the water was too alkaline to use and the trains instead stopped in Kansas to tank up. The hotel was soon torn down, its materials shipped to other Colorado locations to use in constructing other facilities — a common occurrence in late 19th century Colorado, as boom towns went bust.
Kiowa County was established in 1889, taking its name from the Kiowa Indians who lived in eastern Colorado before the Europeans arrived. Sheridan Lake was the county seat of Kiowa County, and was not at first a stop on the railroad line; only after local citizens built a railroad depot and turned it over to the Missouri Pacific did the railroad build a telegraph station and make Sheridan Lake a stop. The county seat moved to rival Eads in 1902.
Kiowa County today
Agriculture in eastern Colorado collapsed in the
dust bowldays of the 1930s, today mostly dry-land farms and some ranching interests survive. Colorado's Front Range cities and agriculture interests upstream have acquired most of the water rights, and the groundwater aquifers are drying up; Kiowa County faces ever-decreasing water supplies and further economic decline.
It is conceivable that much of the county will eventually revert to its original sparse
grasslandand prairieconditions of the pre-1880s.
Today only Eads along the old railroad line remains as a town of much significance, Eads is the Kiowa county seat and serves the surviving farming and ranching interests, and hosts the county's largest high school. Sheridan Lake does have a combined junior-and-senior high, and still surviving in some form are Towner, Arlington, Brandon, Chivington, and Haswell.
According to the
U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,786 square miles (4,625 km²), of which, 1,771 square miles (4,587 km²) of it is land and 15 square miles (38 km²) of it (0.83%) is water.
* Cheyenne County,
* Greeley County,
* Bent County,
* Prowers County,
* Otero County,
* Crowley County,
* Lincoln County,
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 1,622 people, 665 households, and 452 families residing in the county. The population densitywas 1 people per square mile (0/km²). There were 817 housing units at an average density of 0 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.12% White, 0.49% Black or African American, 1.11% Native American, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.42% from other races, and 0.80% from two or more races. 3.14% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 665 households out of which 28.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.60% were married couples living together, 6.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.00% were non-families. 29.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.97.
In the county the population was spread out with 25.90% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 24.70% from 25 to 44, 24.60% from 45 to 64, and 17.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 100.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.40 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $30,494, and the median income for a family was $35,536. Males had a median income of $26,136 versus $18,897 for females. The
per capita incomefor the county was $16,382. About 9.60% of families and 12.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.50% of those under age 18 and 13.80% of those age 65 or over.
Over 6% of the population were
Quakers- one of the highest percentages in the country. [http://www.valpo.edu/geomet/pics/geo200/religion/quaker.gif]
Cities and towns
Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site
Transcontinental bicycle route
TransAmerica Trail Bicycle Route
Colorado census statistical areas
* [http://www.ccionline.org/counties/kiowa.html Kiowa County Government]
* [http://www.kiowacountycolo.com/ Kiowa County information]
* [http://eadseagles.com/countyhistorymain.htm Kiowa County history]
* [http://www.stanwyck.com/cogenweb/cocounties.html Colorado County Evolution by Don Stanwyck]
* [http://www.coloradohistory.org/ Colorado Historical Society]
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