- Pauline Bonaparte
Before Napoleon's rise to power
She was born as Paoletta Bonaparte in
Ajaccio, Corsica. She was the sixth surviving child and second surviving daughter of Carlo Buonaparteand Letizia Ramolino.
She was a younger sister of
Joseph Bonaparte, Napoleon I of France, Lucien Bonaparte, Elisa Bonaparteand Louis Bonaparte. She was also an older sister of Caroline Bonaparteand Jérôme Bonaparte.
Her childhood was spent in her native Ajaccio. At the age of thirteen she was involved in the Buonapartes' night-time escape from their home, travelling with her mother and siblings to the French mainland, making a mark on Napoleon's rise to power.
After Napoleon's rise to power
Pauline's numerous love affairs had become an embarrassment. When he caught the two of them having sex, Napoleon had Pauline married to
Charles Leclerc, one of his generals. She accompanied Leclerc to Saint-Domingue(now Haiti) in 1802 to remove the general Toussaint Louverturefrom power.
Pauline continued to have affairs in Saint-Domingue, often with low-ranking soldiers and officers, and later attend her husband during his fatal sickness with
yellow fever, which killed him in November 1802.
Napoleon later had Pauline married to a Bonapartist member of the rich
Borghesefamily, Camillo Borghese. After the wedding, Napoleon bought a large part of the Borghese art collection at a discount for the Louvre. During her marriage, Pauline posed for a partially nude sculpture as Venus Victrix by Antonio Canovawhich now resides at the Galleria Borghese. The marriage was initially passionate but foundered on her affairs and eccentricities such as using ladies-in-waiting for footstools and African slaves to carry her to her bath. Camillo led a separate life, though she did gain the governorship of Piedmont for him from her brother.
After Napoleon's fall
In 1806, Napoleon made his sister sovereign Princess and Duchess of
Guastalla. However, she soon sold the Duchy to Parmafor six million francs, and keeping only the title of Princess of Guastalla. Pauline fell into temporary disfavor with her brother because of her hostility to Empress Marie Louise, but when Napoleon's fortune failed, Pauline showed herself more loyal than any of his other sisters and brothers.
Upon Napoleon's fall, Pauline
liquidatedall of her assets into cash, and moved to Elba, using that money to better Napoleon's condition. Pauline was the only Bonaparte sibling to visit her brother during his exile at Elba.
After Waterloo Pauline moved to
Rome, where she enjoyed the protection of Pope Pius VII(who once was her brother's prisoner), as did her mother Letizia (then at a palace on the Piazza Venezia) and other members of the Bonaparte family. Pauline lived in a villa near the Porta Pia, that was called Villa Paulinaafter her and decorated in the Egyptomaniastyle she favoured. Camillo moved to Florenceto distance himself from her and had a ten year relationship with a mistress, but even so Pauline persuaded the pope to persuade Camillo to return to her, only three months before her death from cancer. [cite book |last=Majanlahti |first=Anthony |title=The Families Who Made Rome |year=2005 |publisher=Chatto & Windus |location=London |isbn=0701176873 , page 180-1]
* [http://europeanhistory.about.com/library/readyref/blpersonpaulineborghese.htm?iam=metaresults&terms=worldbook+general+reference+encyclopedia About.com Mini-Biography on Pauline Bonaparte]
* [http://europeanhistory.about.com/library/readyref/blpersonpaulineborghese.htm?iam=metaresults&terms=worldbook+general+reference+encyclopedia entry]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Pauline Bonaparte — Pauline Borghese, Marmorskulptur von Antonio Canova … Deutsch Wikipedia
Pauline Bonaparte — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bonaparte et Borghese. Pauline Bonaparte par François Joseph Kinson (1808) Pauline Bonaparte, née Paolina, princesse française, est … Wikipédia en Français
Borghese, Marie Pauline Bonaparte — Borghese, Marie Pauline Bonaparte, Marie Pauline Bonaparte, s. Pauline … Damen Conversations Lexikon
Pauline — ist ein weiblicher Vorname und eine Erweiterung des Vornamens Paula, welcher wiederum die weibliche Form von Paul ist. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Bedeutung und Varianten 2 Namenstage 3 Bekannte Namensträgerinnen 4 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Pauline de beaumont — Portrait de Pauline de Beaumont par Élisabeth Vigée Lebrun Pauline de Beaumont, née en 1768 à Mussy sur Seine et morte en 1803, est une femme du monde et femme de lettres du début du XIX … Wikipédia en Français
Bonaparte — Royal house surname =House of Bonaparte estate =France, Italy coat of arms = country =Corsica, France, Italy titles = Emperor of the French, King of Italy, King of Spain, King of Holland, King of Westphalia, King of Naples founder =Napoleon I of… … Wikipedia
Bonaparte, Pauline — (1780 1825) princess, sister of Napoleon Bonaparte Born Marie Paulette Bonaparte in Ajaccio, Corsica, the daughter of maria letizia ramolino and carlo maria bonaparte, and the younger sister of Napoléon Bonaparte, Pauline Bonaparte married… … France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present
Pauline — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Pauline est un nom propre qui peut désigner : Sommaire 1 Prénom 1.1 … Wikipédia en Français
Bonaparte — Die Bonaparte (eigentlich Buonaparte) waren ursprünglich eine Patrizierfamilie aus Sarzana, die seit 1529 in Ajaccio (Korsika) nachweisbar ist und seit 1567 dort ihren Sitz hat. Seit der Krönung Napoléon Bonapartes zum Kaiser 1804 hatte sie den… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Pauline — Infobox Given name 2 gender = female origin = PaulinaPauline is a female given name, originally the French form of Paulina.Religious*Pauline, an adjective used to refer to things dealing with Paul the Apostle *Pauline, an adjective used to refer… … Wikipedia