Jouy-le-Moutier


Jouy-le-Moutier

French commune
nomcommune=Jouy-le-Moutier

caption=12th,_13th_&_16th_century_Notre-Dame_Church_in_the_historical_centre_of_Jouy-le-Moutier
map_size=270px
adjustable_



mapcaption=Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
latitude=49.0117
longitude=2.0397
région=Île-de-France
département=Val-d'Oise
arrondissement=Pontoise
canton=L'Hautil (chief town)
intercomm=CA de Cergy-Pontoise
maire=Gilbert Marsac
mandat=2008-
alt mini=21
alt maxi=175 m
alt moy=35 m
km²=6.89
sans=
18,055
17,804
date-sans=Oct. 2003 estimate)
(March 8, 1999 census
dens=2,620|date-dens=2003
insee=95323
cp=95280|

Jouy-le-Moutier is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 28.4 km. (17.7 miles) from the center of Paris, in the "new town" of Cergy-Pontoise, created in the 1960s.

History

The name "Jouy-le-Moutier" has only been in use since the 13th century. Two charters by Charlemagne to the bishop of Paris, Eschenradus ["Jouy le Moutier, cartes postales et photographies anciennes", page 4] gave the chapter of Notre Dame de Paris the possession of the church of Andrésy.When the parish of Jouy was created the chapter of Andrésy became its owner. There is no known nomination at the parish of Jouy before 1186.

In 1250 the parish of Vauréal was created from part of the parish of Jouy. Once again it was the chapter of Notre Dame de Paris who chose the first vicar of Jouy.Two letters dated of the 2 April 1250 from Renaud de Corbeil, bishop of Paris, authorised the parish of Jouy-le-Moutier to build a baptismal church.

The monks of Saint Martin-des-Champs owned in Jouy land and a hostel. The Cistercians of Notre-de-Dame-du-Val ("near L'Isle-Adam") were also owners of land as early as the 13th century.The rich Benedictine of the abbey of Saint Martin-des-Champs built in the 12th near the Fontaine à Jouy a building called "La Maison des Moines" which was used as a cellar. Wine growers paid their taxes in wine.The main agriculture of Jouy was wine as well as fruit growing.

At the beginning of the RomanCentury|20 century the village saw the arrival of the railway. A viaduct crossing the "Rue de la Vallée" was built in 1912 carrying the CGB line from Maurecourt to Pontoise following the River Oise valley.

In 1978 the village saw the construction of a thousand new dwellings on the plateau in relaton to the creation of the new town of Cergy-Pontoise. The population grew from 1,200 to 10,000 in less than 5 years. Today most administrative duties are still performed in the village's town hall.

Public Transport

Jouy-le-Moutier is served by no station of the Paris Métro, RER, or suburban rail network. The closest station to Jouy-le-Moutier is Neuville-Université station on Paris RER line A and on SNCF's Réseau Saint-Lazare suburban rail network. This station is located in the neighbouring commune of Neuville-sur-Oise, 2.4 km. (1.5 miles) from the town centre (Les Eguerêts) of Jouy-le-Moutier, and is reached by bus service 34S [Stivo (formerly StAN) operates bus services within the new town of Cergy-Pontoise] linking Jouy-le-Moutier to Pontoise.

Demographics

As of the census of 1999, the population was formatnum:17804.
The estimate for 2005 was formatnum:17200.

ites of interest

Église Notre-Dame

Built in the 12th and 16th centuries and is regarded a chef d'œeuvre of architecture. In the 1930s both of the tower's clocks were replaced by a metallic clock placed on the western corner of the tower.

Théâtre Saint Vincent

The Théâtre Saint-Vincent was built in 1811 and restaured by les Beaux Arts de Paris in 1992 and has 120 seats. This superb Italian "baroque" has its walls covered in paintings highly colourful, an old balcony and oak flooring. The theatre was partially destroyed by a fire in 1866. It is used for many occasions including café-théatre and musical nights, balls and weddings.

Le Pont de Neuville

In the early 20th century was built a suspension bridge between Neuville and Jouy. This bridge replaced the ferry service between the communes. At the dawn of the war a new bridge was built to replace the dilapidated suspension bridge, it was dynamited a few months after its inauguration when the war broke off.A new bridge identical to the previous one was built in 1974.

People

*Théophile Steinlen (1859-1923), a painter who lived and worked in Jouy-le-Moutier.

ee also

*Communes of the Val-d'Oise department

References

* Jouy le Moutier, cartes postales et photographies anciennes, 1985, Mairie de Jouy-le-Moutier / Imprimerie Serag à Saint-Ouen-l'Aumône. fr icon
* [http://www.uniondesmairesduvaldoise.fr Association of Mayors of the Val d'Oise] fr icon
* [http://www.insee.fr/en/home/home_page.asp INSEE] en icon
* [http://www.ign.fr/rubrique.asp?rbr_id=1&lng_id=EN IGN] en icon

Notes

External links

* [http://www.jouylemoutier.fr Jouy-le-Moutier website] fr icon
* [http://www.culture.gouv.fr/public/mistral/merimee_fr?ACTION=CHERCHER&FIELD_98=INSEE&VALUE_98=95323 Mérimée database - Cultural heritage] fr icon
* [http://www.iaurif.org/en/gis/fichescom/mos99/ficmos/mos95323.html Land use (IAURIF)] en icon


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