- Johnny Adair
Johnny Adair (b.
27 October 1963, Belfast, Northern Ireland) was the leader of "C Company" of the Ulster Loyalist paramilitaryorganisation Ulster Freedom Fighters, a cover name of the Ulster Defence Association. He was known as Mad Dog.
Adair was expelled from the organisation in 2002 following a violent power struggle. Since 2003, he, his family and a number of supporters have been forced to leave
Northern Irelandby other loyalists.
Johnny Adair was born into a
working-classloyalist background and raised in Belfast. He grew up in the Lower Oldpark area, a site of many sectarian clashes during " The Troubles". By all accounts, he had little parental supervision, and did not attend school regularly Fact|date=July 2007. He took to the streets, forming a skinhead street gang with a group of young loyalist friends, who "got involved initially in petty then increasingly violent crime". Eventually, Adair started a rock band called Offensive Weapon, which during performances espoused support for the British National Front[ Wood, Ian S. (2006). "Crimes of Loyalty: A History of the UDA"; Edinburgh University Press, pp. 155 - 156. ] .
While still in his teens, he joined the
Ulster Young Militants, and later the Ulster Defence Association- a loyalist paramilitary organisation which also called itself the Ulster Freedom Fighters.
By the early 1990s, Adair had established himself as head of the UDA/UFF's "C Company" based on the
Shankill Road. When Adair was charged with terrorist offences in 1995, he admitted that he had been a UDA commander for three years up to 1994. During this time, Adair and his colleagues were involved in multiple and random murders of Catholic civilians. At Adair's trial in 1995, the prosecuting lawyer said he was dedicated to his cause against those whom he "regarded as militant republicans - among whom he had lumped almost the entire Roman Catholicpopulation". [ [http://www.guardian.co.uk/Northern_Ireland/Story/0,2763,715867,00.html Profile of the notorious loyalist leader Johnny 'Mad Dog' Adair] — " The Guardian" newspaper article, 15 May2002.] Royal Ulster ConstabularyDetectives believe his unit killed up to 40 people in this period. [http://www.guardian.co.uk/Northern_Ireland/Story/0,,1779850,00.html 'Mad Dog' Adair sparks fury over £100,000 book] — " The Guardian" newspaper article, 21 May 2006.] Adair once remarked to a Catholic journalist from the Republic of Irelandupon the discovery of her being Catholic, that normally Catholics travelled in the boot of his car [Lister, David and Jordan, Hugh. (2005). Mad Dog: The Rise and Fall of Johnny Adair and 'C Company'. Mainstream Publishing. ISBN 978-1840188905] . According to a press report in 2003, Adair was handed details of republican suspects by British Armyintelligence, and was even invited for dinner in the early 1990s. [ [http://www.guardian.co.uk/Northern_Ireland/Story/0,,944533,00.html Top Army officer 'handed over IRA files to Adair'] — " The Guardian" newspaper article, 27 April 2003.] In his autobiography, he claimed he was frequently passed information by sympathetic British army members, while his own whereabouts were passed to republican paramilitaries by the RUC Special Branch, who, he claimed, hated him [ [http://www.guardian.co.uk/Northern_Ireland/Story/0,,2005683,00.html Troops 'colluded with Mad Dog' | UK news | The Observer ] ] .
Provisional Irish Republican Army(IRA) bombing of a fish shop on the Shankill Roadin October 1993 was an attempt to assassinate Adair and the rest of the UDA's Belfast leadership in reprisal for attacks on Catholics. The IRA claimed that the office above the shop was regularly used by the UDA for meetings and one was due to take place shortly after the bomb exploded. The bomb went off early, killing one of the IRA men (Thomas Begley) and nine Protestantcivilians. The UFF retaliated with a random attack on the Rising Sun bar in Greysteel ( County Londonderry), which killed eight civilians, two of whom were Protestants. Adair has survived 13 assassination bids, most of which were carried out by the IRA and Irish National Liberation Army. [http://archives.tcm.ie/irishexaminer/2000/08/24/current/i_text.htm Mad Dog finds peace is bad for business] — " Irish Examiner" newspaper article, 24 August2000.]
During this time, undercover officers from the
Royal Ulster Constabularyhad recorded months of discussions with Adair, in which he boasted of his activities, producing enough evidence to charge him with directing terrorism. He was convicted and sentenced to 16 years in the The Maze prison.
Adair was held with other loyalist prisoners in their "block" of the Prison. In prison, according to some reports, Adair sold drugs such as
cannabis, ecstasy tablets and amphetaminesto other loyalist prisoners, earning him an income of £5000 a week.
In January 1998, Adair was one of five loyalist prisoners visited in the prison by British
Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, Mo Mowlam. She persuaded them to drop their objection to their political representatives continuing the talks that led to the Good Friday Agreementin April that year. In 1999, Adair was released early as part of a general amnesty for political prisonersafter the Agreement.
Intra loyalist feuds
Since his release, much of Adair's activities have been bound up with violent internecine feuds within the UDA and between the UDA and other loyalist paramilitary groupings. The motivation for such violence is sometimes difficult to piece together. It involves a combination of political differences over the loyalist ceasefires, rivalry between loyalists over control of territory and competition over the proceeds of organised crime.
In 1999, shortly after his release from prison, Adair was shot at and grazed by a bullet in the head at a
UB40concert in Belfast. Adair blamed the shooting on republicans, but it is thought that rival loyalists were to blame. [ [http://www.rte.ie/news/1999/0502/adair.html RUC investigate Johnny Adair shooting claim] — RTÉ Newsarticle, 2 May 1999. ]
In August 2000, Adair was again mildly injured by a
pipe bombhe was transporting in a car. He again attempted to blame the incident on an attack by republicans, but this claim was widely discounted. A feud had broken out at that time between the UDA and the Ulster Volunteer Force(UVF) leaving several loyalists dead. As a result of Adair's involvement in the violence, the then Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, Peter Mandelsonrevoked Adair's early release and returned him to prison.
In May 2002, Adair was released from prison again. Once free, he was a key part of an effort to forge stronger ties between the UDA/UFF and the
Loyalist Volunteer Force(LVF), a small breakaway faction of the UVF loyalist paramilitary organization in Northern Ireland. The most open declaration of this was a joint mural depicting Adair's UDA "C company" and the LVF. Other elements in the UDA/UFF strongly resisted these movements, which they saw as an attempt by Adair to win external support in a bid to take over the leadership of the UDA. Some UDA members disliked his overt association with the drugs trade, which the LVF were even more heavily involved with. A loyalist feudbegan, and ended with several men dead and scores evicted from their homes.
25 September 2002, Adair was expelled from the UDA/UFF along with close associate John White, and the organisation almost split as Adair tried to woo influential leaders such as Andre Shoukri, who were initially sympathetic to him. There were attempts on Adair's and White's lives.
Adair returned to prison in January 2003, when his early release licence was revoked by Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, Paul Murphy, on grounds of engaging in unlawful activity. On
1 February 2003, UDA divisional leader John Greggwas shot dead along with another UDA member (Rab Carson), on returning from a Rangers F.C.match in Glasgow. The killing was widely blamed on Adair's C Company - Gregg was one of those who had organised the expulsion of Adair from the UDA. Five days later, on 6 February, about 20 Adair supporters, including White, fled their homes for Scotland, widely seen as a response to severe intimidation.
Exile from Northern Ireland
He was released from prison again on
10 January 2005. He immediately left Northern Irelandand joined his family in Bolton, Lancashirewhere it was claimed he stayed with supporters of Combat 18and the Racial Volunteer Force. [ [http://www.meta-religion.com/Extremism/White_extremism/Combat_18/combat_18.htm Combat 18 ] ]
The police in Bolton have questioned his wife, Gina about her involvement in the drugs trade, and his son (nicknamed both 'Mad Pup' and 'Daft Dog' [http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/mccormick/album51.htm] ) has been charged with selling
crack cocaineand heroin. [ [http://news.independent.co.uk/uk/ulster/article83072.ece Terror follows Loyalist diehards to Bolton outpost] — " The Independent" newspaper article, 18 December 2003.] Adair himself was arrested and fined for assault and threatening behaviour in September 2005. He had married Gina Crossan, his partner for many years and the mother of his four children, at the Maze Prison on 21 February 1997. [The Observer Magazine] She is three years Adair's junior and grew up in the same Lower Oldpark neighbourhood.
After being released, he was almost immediately arrested again for violently assaulting Gina, who suffers from
ovarian cancer. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/manchester/4289156.stm Adair admits park attack on wife] — BBC Newsarticle, 28 September2005.] Since this episode Johnny Adair is reported as having moved to Scotland, living in Troonin Ayrshire. [http://politics.guardian.co.uk/northernirelandassembly/story/0,,1713177,00.html 'I'm no threat to anyone.' Why the war is over for Mad Dog Adair] — "The Guardian" newspaper article, 19 February2006.]
In May 2006, it was reported that Adair had received £100,000 from John Blake publishers for a ghost-written autobiography.
In November 2006 the UK's Five Television channel transmitted an observational documentary on Adair made by Dare Films.
Johnny Adair appeared in a documentary [http://macintyre.com/content/view/615/105/] screened in 2007. The documentary was made by
Donal MacIntyre/ The focus of the film centered around Adair and another supposedly reformed character, a Neo Nazifrom Germany called Nick Greger, and their trip to Ugandato build an orphanage. Adair was seen to fire rifles, stating it was the first time he had done so without wearing gloves. Adair also admitted to being "worried sick" and "pure sick with worry" after Nick disappeared in Uganda for days on end. It turned out that Nick had gone off and married a Ugandan lady. Adair confessed via telephone that he "thought something might have happened to Nick".
* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/northern_ireland/821698.stm BBC News: Johnny Adair: feared Loyalist leader]
* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/northern_ireland/2647547.stm BBC News: Johnny Adair: Notorious Loyalist]
* [http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2002/12/26/1040511133864.html For Johnny Adair, the writing is on the wall] - Sydney Morning Herald
* [http://macintyre.com/content/view/617/105: Mad Dog and Irish men] - Donal MacIntyre article on the making of his documentary about Adair.
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