Egyptian mythology, Sopdu (also rendered Septu or Sopedu) was originally the scorching heat of the summer sun. Sopdu's name, meaning "with Sopd", derives from this heat arriving shortly after the star Siriushas its heliacal rising, and thus being seen as coming "with Sopdet", Sopdet being the deification of Sirius ("Sopd" is the masculine form of "Sopdet"). Indeed, it was said that Sopdet gave birth to this heat, and so Sopdu was seen as her child. The Greeks made a similar conclusion; the Greek name "Sirius" essentially means "scorcher".
The effects of the scorching of the sun lead many ancient cultures to see it as
war-like, and the Egyptianswere no different in this respect, with Sopdu consequently being seen as a war god. Because heliacal rising occurs in the east, and the sun's heat begins there daily, Sopdu was referred to as "Lord of the East", and had his greatest cult centre at the easternmost nome of Lower Egypt, which was named Per-Sopdu, meaning "place of Sopdu". The combination of being a war-god, and being associated with the easternmost edge, lead to Sopdu being depicted as an Asiatic warrior, with a shemsetgirdle and long axe, and more generally being said to guard Egypt's borders. When the Egyptians conquered Sinai, he was also thought to guard the turquoisemines, which predominantly lay within Sinai.
His name is composed of the hieroglyph for "sharp", a pointed
triangle, and the 3rd person plural suffix(a Quail); thus a literal translation of his name is "sharp ones". However, the triangle glyph was really a representation of a plant thorn, which the Egyptians referred to as a " tooth", and so his name could be seen as the plural of "tooth", i.e. "teeth". Consequently, war-gods also being associated with death, he was said, in the Pyramid Texts, to protect the teeth of the deceased.
Middle Kingdom, as a war-deity, he became strongly associated the pharaoh, which, together with his being god of the sky, lead to an association with Horus, the sky god, who was said to be the pharaoh's patron. Consequently, Sopdu started being depicted as wearing the two falcon feathers as a headdress, that represented Horus, who was seen as a falcon. He also started being identified as the standard bearer of Horus - gaining the glyph of a falcon on a standard in his name. By this time, the plural suffix of his name, previously a glyph of a quail, was shown with the hieraticabbreviation - a swirl, which often leads to misinterpretations of the standard depicting the quail, which appears to have otherwise vanished. Eventually, the association with Horus lead to his identity gradually merging to Horus, and in the New Kingdom, he was referred to as Har-Septu, an aspect of Horus rather than an individual.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Sopdu — in Hieroglyphen Altes Reich … Deutsch Wikipedia
Sopdu — Sopdou Cet article fait partie de la série Dieux égyptiens Présentation Par ordre alphabétique Par relation Par ville Par symbole P … Wikipédia en Français
Sopdu — Falcon god worshipped in the eastern Delta of Lower Egypt, especially at Saft el Henna. He is attested beginning in the Early Dynastic Period. He is associated with Sinai and the lands farther east as lord of the East. See also Religion.… … Ancient Egypt
Sopedu — Sopdu in Hieroglyphen Altes Reich … Deutsch Wikipedia
Am-aa — Die Liste ägyptischer Götter umfasst neben den bekannten und weniger bekannten Göttern des Landes auch Götter einzelner Gebiete und Gaue sowie Dämonen, die in vielerlei Gestalt in der ägyptischen Mythologie Erwähnung finden. Ebenso aufgeführt… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Amaa — Die Liste ägyptischer Götter umfasst neben den bekannten und weniger bekannten Göttern des Landes auch Götter einzelner Gebiete und Gaue sowie Dämonen, die in vielerlei Gestalt in der ägyptischen Mythologie Erwähnung finden. Ebenso aufgeführt… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Behedeti — in Hieroglyphen Neues Reich … Deutsch Wikipedia
Behedti — Behedeti in Hieroglyphen Neues Reich … Deutsch Wikipedia
Chensut — Chensit in Hieroglyphen Chensut/ Chensit … Deutsch Wikipedia
Chenzit — Chensit in Hieroglyphen Chensut/ Chensit … Deutsch Wikipedia