- List of New Testament papyri
A New Testament papyrus is a copy of a portion of the New Testament made on papyrus. To date, over one hundred and twenty such papyri are known. In general, they are considered the earliest and best witnesses to the original text of the New Testament.
This elite status among New Testament manuscripts only began in the 20th century. The grouping was first introduced by Caspar René Gregory, who assigned papyri texts the Blackletter character followed by a superscript number. Before 1900, only 9 papyri manuscripts were known, and only one had been cited in a critical apparatus (11 by Constantin von Tischendorf). These 9 papyri were just single fragments, except for 15, which consisted of a single whole leaf. The discoveries of the twentieth century brought about the earliest known New Testament manuscript fragments. Kenyon in 1912 knew 14 papyri, Aland in his first edition of Kurzgefasste... in 1963 enumerated 76 papyri, in 1989 were known 96 papyri, and in 2008 124 papyri. Now a total of 127 papyri are known.
Discoveries were also made of more complete manuscripts, which allowed scholars to examine the textual character of these early manuscripts.
Not all of the manuscripts are simply New Testament texts: 59, 60, 63, 80 are texts with commentaries, 2, ³, and 44 are lectionaries, 50, 55, 78 are talismans, 42; 10, 12, 42, 43, 62, 99 belong to other miscellaneous texts, such as writing scraps, glossaries, or songs.
Every papyrus is cited in Nestle-Aland Novum Testamentum Graece.
List of all registered New Testament papyri
- The P-numbers are the standard system of Gregory-Aland.
- Dates are estimated to the nearest 50 year increment.
- Content is given to the nearest chapter; verses are sometimes listed. Thus, many of the papyri are small fragments, not whole chapters. For instance, contains 5 verses out of the 40 verses in John chapter 18.
Manuscripts in beige rows belong to the Oxyrhynchus Papyri Manuscripts in light cyan rows belong to the Bodmer Papyri Manuscripts in light pink rows belong to the Chester Beatty Papyri
Distribution based on content
Distribution of Papyri Witness for each New Testament book NT Book Total Early NT Book Total Early Matthew 23 11 1 Timothy 0 0 Mark 3 1 2 Timothy 0 0 Luke 10 6 Titus 2 1 John 30 19 Philemon 2 1 Acts 14 7 Hebrews 8 4 Romans 10 5 James 6 4 1 Corinthians 8 3 1 Peter 3 1 2 Corinthians 4 2 2 Peter 2 1 Galatians 2 1 1 John 2 1 Ephesians 3 3 2 John 1 0 Philippians 3 2 3 John 1 0 Colossians 2 1 Jude 3 2 1 Thessalonians 4 3 Revelation 7 4 2 Thessalonians 2 2
Note: "Early" manuscripts are manuscripts from the fourth century or earlier. Roughly half of the papyri are "early". Some manuscripts contain content from more than one New Testament book, so the numbers above do not directly correspond to the total number of manuscripts.
- Categories of New Testament manuscripts
- List of artifacts significant to the Bible
- List of Egyptian papyri by date
- List of New Testament uncials
- List of New Testament minuscules
- List of New Testament lectionaries
- List of New Testament Latin manuscripts
- List of New Testament Church Fathers
- Other articles
- ^ Nestle-Aland 1996
- ^ Aland 1996, pp. 83-84, 87
- ^ 52, 90, 98, and 104 all dating to the 2nd century
- ^ Kenyon, F. G., Handbook to the Textual Criticism of the New Testament, London2, 1912, p. 129.
- ^ 66, 72, and 75 of the Bodmer Papyri are notable in this regard. In fact, the preservation level of 66 surprised scholars because the first 26 leaves were basically fully intact, and even the stitching of the binding remained.
- ^ Aland 1996, p. 85
- ^ NOT Aland 1996, p. 85
- Aland, Kurt; Barbara Aland (1995). The Text of The New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Translated by Erroll F. Rhodes (2nd ed. ed.). Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. ISBN 0-8028-4098-1.
- "Continuation of the Manuscript List" INTF, University of Münster. Retrieved February 4, 2010
- Nestle-Aland. Novum Testamentum Graece. 27th ed. Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, Druck: 1996, p. 57-63, 684-689
- Seid, Timothy. "A Table of Greek Manuscripts". Interpreting Ancient Manuscripts. Retrieved June 22, 2007.
- Waltz, Robert. "New Testament Manuscripts: Papyri". A Site Inspired By: The Encyclopedia of New Testament Textual Criticism. Retrieved on June 22, 2007.
- Willker, Wieland. "Complete List of Greek NT Papyri" Last Update: 17 April 2008. Retrieved 23 January 2008.
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