List of African languages


List of African languages

This is a list of African languages by classification.

Classification

Afro-Asiatic languages

*Berber languages
**Eastern Berber languages
***Awjila-Sokna languages
****Awjilah language
****Sawknah language
***Siwi language
**Northern Berber languages
***Moroccan Atlas languages
****Tachelhit language
****Central Morocco Tamazight
****Senhaja de Srair language
***Zenati languages
****Ghomara language
****Tarifit language
*****Beni Snous
*****Arzew language
****South Oranais Berber languages
*****Figuig language
****Central Maghreb Berber languages
*****Achacha language
*****Bel Halima language
*****Ouarsenis language
*****Haraoua language
*****Chenoua language/Beni Menacer/Djebel Bissa
****Chaouia language
****Mzab-Wargla languages
*****Tagergrent language
*****Taznatit language
*****Temacine Tamazight language
*****Tumzabt language
****Tidikelt language
****Sened language
****Djerbi language
****Zuara language
***Kabyle language
**Tuareg languages
***Tamahaq
***Southern Tamasheq languages
****Tamasheq language
****Tawallammat Tamajaq language
****Tayart Tamajeq language
**Zenaga language

*Chadic languages
**Biu-Mandara languages
***"A" Biu-Mandara languages
****A.1
*****Eastern
******Boga language
******Ga'anda language
******Hwana language
*****Western
******Jara language
******Tera language
****A.2
*****Division 1
******Bura-Pabir language
******Cibak language
******Kofa language
******Putai language
*****Division 2
******Huba language
******Marghi Central language
******Marghi South language
****A.3
*****Bana language
*****Hya language
*****Kamwe language
*****Psikye language
****A.4
*****Lamang
******Lamang language
******Vemgo-Mabas language
******Xedi language
*****Mandara Proper
******Parkwa language
******Wandala language
****A.5
*****Baldamu language
*****Cuvok language
*****Dugwor language
*****Gaduwa language
*****Gemzek language
*****Mada language
*****Mafa language
*****Matal language
*****Mbuko language
*****Mefele language
*****Melokwo language
*****Merey language
*****Mofu-Gudur language
*****Muyang language
*****North Giziga language
*****North Mofu language
*****Pelasla language
*****South Giziga language
*****Wuzlam language
*****Zulgwa language
****A.6
*****Sukur language
****A.7
*****Buwal language
*****Daba language
*****Gavar language
*****Mbedam language
*****Mina language
****A.8
*****Bacama language
*****Bata language
*****Fali language
*****Gude language
*****Gudu language
*****Holma language
*****Jimi language
*****Ngwaba language
*****Nzanyi language
*****Sharwa language
*****Tsuvan language
*****Zizilivakan language
***"B" Biu-Mandara languages
****B.1
*****Jina
******Jina language
******Majera language
*****Kotoko Proper
******Afade language
******Lagwan language
******Malgbe language
******Maslam language
******Mpade language
******Mser language
****B.2
*****Mbara language
*****Musgu language
*****Muskum language
***Gidar language
**East Chadic languages
***"A" East Chadic languages
****A.1
*****Buso language
*****Division 1
******Mire language
******Ndam language
******Somrai language
******Tumak language
*****Division 2
******Boor language
******Gadang language
******Miltu language
******Sarua language
****A.2
*****Division 1
******Kimré language
******Lele language
******Nancere language
*****Division 2
******Gabri language
******Kabalai language
******Tobanga language
****A.3
*****Kera language
*****Kwang language
***"B" East Chadic languages
****B.1
*****Division 1
******Bidiyo
******Dangaléat
******Jonkor Bourmataguil
******Mawa
******Migaama
******Mogum
******Mabire
******Ubi
*****Division 2
******Birgit
******Kajakse
******Masmaje
******Mubi
******Toram
******Zirenkel
****B.2
*****Mukulu
****B.3
*****Barein
*****Saba
*****Sokoro
*****Tamki
**Masa languages
***Herdé
***Pévé
***Massa
***Mesme
***Marba
***Musey
***Ngete
***Zumaya
**West Chadic languages
***"A" West Chadic languages
****A.1
*****Gwandara
*****Hausa
****A.2
*****Bole
******Bole Proper
*******Bole
*******Beele
*******Deno
*******Geruma
*******Gera
*******Galambu
*******Giiwo
*******Kubi
*******Kholok
*******Maaka
*******Ngamo
*******Nyam
******Bure
******Karekare
*******Karekare
*****Tangale
******Dera
*******Dera
******Tangale Proper
*******Kutto
*******Kwaami
*******Kushi
*******Pero
*******Piya-Kwonci
*******Tangale
****A.3
*****Angas Proper
******Division 1
*******Ngas
*******Cakfem-Mushere
*******Jorto
*******Kofyar
*******Miship
*******Mwaghavul
******Division 2
*******Goemai
*******Koenoem
*******Montol
*******Pyapun
*******Tal
*****Yiwom
******Yiwom
****A.4
*****Fyer
******Fyer
******Tambas
*****Ron Proper
******Ron
******Duhwa
******Kulere
******Mundat
******Sha
****Daza
***"B" West Chadic languages
****B.1
*****Auyokawa
*****Bade Proper
******Bade
******Ngizim
******Teshenawa
*****Duwai
******Duwai
****B.2
*****Ajawa
*****Mburku
*****Diri
*****Zumbun
*****Kariya
*****Miya
*****Pa'a
*****Siri
*****Ciwogai
*****Warji
****B.3
*****Boghom
******Boghom
******Kir-Balar
******Mangas
*****Dass
*****Eastern
******Jimi
*****Guruntum
******Guruntum-Mbaaru
******Ju
******Tala
******Zangwal
*****Zaar Proper
******Geji
******Polci
******Saya
******Zari
******Zeem
***Luri
*Egyptian languages
**Egyptian language
**Coptic language
*Semitic languages
**West Semitic languages
***Central Semitic languages
****Northwest Semitic languages
*****Canaanite languages
******Arabic language
**South Semitic
****Ethiopic languages
*****North
******Ge'ez language
******Tigrigna language
******Tigre language
******Dahlik language
*****South
******Transversal
*******Amharic-Argobba
********Amharic language
********Argobba language
*******Harari-East Gurage
********Harari language
********East Gurage
*********Silt'e language
*********Zay language
*********Ulbare language
*********Wolane language
*********Inneqor language
*******Outer
********n-group:
*********Gafat language
*********Soddo language
*********Goggot language
********tt-group:
*********Mesmes language
*********Muher language
*********West Gurage
**********Masqan language
***********CPWG
************Central Western Gurage:
*************Ezha language
*************Chaha language
*************Gura language
*************Gumer language
************Peripheral Western Gurage
*************Gyeto language
*************Inor language
*************Endegen language
*Cushitic languages
**Central Cushitic languages
***Southern:
****Awngi
****Kunfal
***Northern Agaw
****North-Central
*****Northern
******Blin
*****Central
******Xamtanga
****Western
*****Qemant
*****Qwara
****Kayla
**East Cushitic languages
***Dullay
****Bussa
****Gawwada
****Tsamai
***Highlanddn
****Alaba
****Burji
****Gedeo
****Hadiyya
****Kambaata
****Libido
****Sidamo
***Konso-Gidole
****Dirasha
****Konso
***Oromo
****Borana-Arsi-Guji Oromo
****West Central Oromo
****Garreh-Ajuran
****Eastern Oromo
****Orma
****Sanye
***Rendille-Boni
****Boni
****Rendille
***Saho-Afar
****Afar
****Saho
***Somali
****Dabarre
****Garre
****Jiiddu
****Somali
****Tunni
****Maay
***Western Omo-Tana
****Arbore
****Baiso
****Daasanach
****El Molo
***Yaaku
***Boon
**Bedawi
**South Cushitic languages
***Aasáx
***Burunge
***Dahalo
***Gorowa
***Iraqw
***Alagwa
***Kw'adza
*Omotic languages
**North
***Dizoid
****Dizi
****Nayi
****Sheko
***Gonga-Gimojan
****Gimojan
*****Yemsa
*****Ometo-Gimira
******Chara
******Bench
******Ometo
*******Central
********Dorze
********Gamo-Gofa-Dawro
********Melo
********Oyda
********Wolaytta
*******East
********Kachama-Ganjule
********Koorete
********Zaysse-Zergulla
*******Male
*******West
********Basketo
****Gonga
*****Central
******Anfillo
*****North
******Boro, also called Shinasha
*****South
******Kafa
******Shekkacho
***Mao
****East
*****Bambassi
****West
*****Ganza
*****Hozo
*****Seze
**South
***Aari
***Hamer-Banna
***Dime
***Karo

Nilo-Saharan languages

*Komuz languages

**Gumuz
***Gumuz

**Koman
***Uduk
***Kwama
***Komo
***Opuuo
***Gule

*Maban languages

**Mabang
***Kendeje
***Maba
****Maba
****Marfa
***Masalit
****Massalat
****Masalit
****Surbakhal
***Runga-Kibet
****Kibet
****Runga

**Karanga

*Saharan languages

**Eastern
***Berti
***Zaghawa

**Western
***Kanuri
****Bilma Kanuri
****Kanembu
****Manga Kanuri
****Central Kanuri
****Tumari Kanuri
***Tebu
****Dazaga
****Tedaga
*Songhay languages
**Northern
***Tadaksahak
***Tasawaq

**Southern
***Dendi
***Zarma
***Songhay
***Koyra Chiini Songhay
***Koyraboro Senni Songhay
**Korandje

*Central Sudanic languages

**East
***Lendu
****Bendi
****Lendu
****Ngiti
***Mangbetu
****Asoa
****Lombi
****Mangbetu
***Mangbutu-Efe
****Efe
****Lese
****Mamvu
****Mangbutu
****Mvuba
****Ndo
***Moru-Madi
****Central
*****Avokaya
*****Keliko
*****Lugbara
*****Logo
*****Aringa
*****Omi
****Northern
*****Moru
****Southern
*****Olu'bo
*****Ma'di
*****Southern Ma'di

**West
***Bongo-Bagirmi
****Bongo-Baka
*****Baka
*****Bongo
*****Morokodo-Beli
****Kara
*****Furu
*****Gula
*****Yulu
****Sara-Bagirmi
*****Bagirmi
*****Birri
*****Fongoro
*****Sara
****Sinyar
*****Sinyar
***Kresh
****Aja
****Gbaya

*Eastern Sudanic languages

**Eastern
***Eastern Jebel
****Aka-Kelo-Molo
*****Aka
*****Kelo
*****Molo
****Gaam
*****Gaam
***Nara
****Nara
***Nubian
****Central
*****Birked
******Birked
*****Dongolawi
******Kenuzi-Dongola
*****Hill
******Kadaru-Ghulfan
*******Ghulfan
*******Kadaru
******Unclassified
*******Dilling
*******Dair
*******El Hugeirat
*******Karko
*******Wali
****Northern
*****Nobiin
****Western
*****Midob
***Surmic
****North
*****Majang
******Majang
****South
*****Southeast
******Kwegu
*******Kwegu
******Pastoral
*******Me'en
*******Suri
*****Southwest
******Didinga-Murle
*******Didinga-Longarim
*******Murle
*******Tennet
******Kacipo-Balesi
*******Kacipo-Balesi

**Kuliak
***Ik
****Ik
***Ngangea-So
****Nyang'i
****Soo

**Nilotic
***Eastern
****Bari
*****Bari
*****Kakwa
*****Mandari
****Lotuxo-Teso
*****Lotuxo-Maa
******Lotuxo
*******Dongotono
*******Lokoya
*******Lango
*******Otuho
*******Lopit
******Ongamo-Maa
*******Maasai
*******Ngasa
*******Samburu
*****Teso-Turkana
******Teso
*******Teso
******Turkana
*******Karamojong
*******Nyangatom
*******Toposa
*******Turkana
***Southern
****Kalenjin
*****Elgon
******Kupsabiny
******Sabaot
*****Nandi-Markweta
******Markweta
*******Endo
*******Talai
******Nandi
*******Aramanik
*******Kalenjin
*******Kisankasa
*******Mediak
*******Mosiro
*******North Tugen
*****Okiek
******Okiek
*****Pokot
******Pökoot
****Tatoga
*****Omotik
*****Datooga
***Western
****Dinka-Nuer
*****Dinka
******South Central Dinka
******Southwestern Dinka
******Northeastern Dinka
******Northwestern Dinka
******Southeastern Dinka
*****Nuer
******Reel
******Nuer
****Luo
*****Northern
******Anuak
*******Anuak
******Bor
*******Belanda Bor
******Jur
*******Luwo
******Maban-Burun
*******Burun
*******Maban
********Jumjum
********Mabaan
******Shilluk
*******Shilluk
******Thuri
*******Thuri
******Unclassified
*******Päri
*****Southern
******Adhola
*******Adhola
******Kuman
*******Kumam
******Luo-Acholi
*******Alur-Acholi
********Alur
*********Alur
********Lango-Acholi
*********Acholi
*********Lango
*******Luo
********Luo
**Western
***Daju
****Eastern Daju
*****Logorik
*****Shatt
****Western Daju
*****Beigo
*****Dar Fur Daju
*****Dar Sila Daju
*****Dar Daju Daju
*****Njalgulgule
***Nyimang
****Afitti
****Ama
***Tama
****Mararit
*****Mararit
****Tama-Sungor
*****Assangori "(or Sungor)"
*****Tama
***Temein
****Tese
****Temein
*Fur languages
**Fur
**Amdang
*Berta language
*Kunama language

Niger-Congo languages

*Atlantic-Congo
**Atlantic
***Bijago
***Northern
***Southern
**Ijoid
***Defaka
***Ijo
**Volta-Congo
***Benue-Congo
***Dogon
***Kru
***Kwa
***North
*Kordofanian
**Heiban
**Katla
**Rashad
**Talodi
*Mande
**Eastern
**Western

ee also

Languages of Africa


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