Tan-luan (Ch: 曇鸞, Jp: Donran), who lived from 467-542, is a Chinese
Buddhistmonk. He is credited by Hōnenas the founder of Pure Land Buddhismin China. He is also considered the Third Patriarch in Japanese Jodo ShinshuBuddhism.
Tan-luan was originally a Buddhist scholar but after becoming ill he studied
Taoismin order to seek the Elixir of Life. However after an encounter with Bodhirucia Buddhist monk from India, Tan-luan became a devotee of the Pure Landteachings and, according to the Jodo Shinshuhymn Shoshinge, burnt his Taoist texts.
Tan-luan later wrote his commentaries on the Larger Sutra of Immeasurable Life. The commentaries taught that the all beings could be reborn in the
Pure Landof AmitabhaBuddha through sincere recitation of the nembutsu. Tan-luan is also credited for having developed the nembutsuinto the six-character phrase (from Sanskritto Chinese) used throughout Pure Land Buddhism today. [ [http://www.jodo.org/about_plb/buddhas.html JODO SHU English ] ]
Tan-luan also had a strong impact on the Fourth Patriarch,
Tao-chowho once visited his temple.
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