Southern Kurdish

Southern Kurdish

Southern Kurdish is one of three major Kurdish dialects which predominates in far southern Kurdistan, in western Iran and eastern Iraq. In Iran, it is spoken in the provinces of Kermanshah (Kirmaşan) and Ilam. In Iraq it is spoken in the region of Khanaqin (Xaneqîn), all the way to Mandali, "Pehle". It is also the language of the populous Kurdish "Kakayî tribe" near Kerkuk and the "Zengene"s near "Kifrî". There are also populous diasporas of Southern Kurdish Dialects group found in the Alburz mountains. Its dialects are "Kolyaî", "Kermanshahi (Kirmaşanî)", "Kelhurî", "Garrusi" ("Gerrûsî) (Bijari)", "Sanjabi" (Sencabî), "Malekshahi" ("Melikşay"), "Bayray", "Kurdalî" and Feyli. It had around 3 million speakers in Iran in 2000. [] []


Southern Kurdish Dialects group and its dialects began their retreat in the 17th and 18th centuries and are now still under great pressure from Sorani speakers. The process of Southern Kurdish Dialects group dilution and assimilation has been hastened tremendously. Kirmashan, once the center of the Southern Kurdish Dialects group, is now a multi-lipgtial city, and very likely has a Sorani plurality. []

ee also

* Gorani, Hewrami
* Central Kurdish
* Northern Kurdish

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