4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days


4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days

Infobox Film
name = 4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days 4 luni, 3 săptămâni şi 2 zile


image_size =
caption =
director = Cristian Mungiu
producer = Cristian Mungiu Oleg Mutu
writer = Cristian Mungiu
narrator =
starring = Adi Carauleanu Luminiţa Gheorghiu Mădălina Ghiţescu Vlad Ivanov Anamaria Marinca Alexandru Potocean Laura Vasiliu
music =
cinematography = Oleg Mutu
editing = Dana Bunescu
distributor = BAC Films
released = flagicon|France 17 May, 2007 (Cannes)
flagicon|Romania 1 June, 2007 (TIFF)
flagicon|Poland 12 October, 2007
flagicon|Australia 18 October, 2007 [ [http://www.abc.net.au/atthemovies/txt/s2042016.htm At The Movies: 4 Months, 3 Weeks & 2 Days] , ABC TV]
flagicon|United Kingdom 4 January, 2008
flagicon|Hungary 10 January, 2008
flagicon|USA 25 January, 2008
runtime = 113 min.
country = Romania
language = Romanian
budget = €600,000
gross =
preceded_by =
followed_by =
website = http://www.4months3weeksand2days.com
amg_id = 1:396871
imdb_id = 1032846

"4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days" ( _ro. 4 luni, 3 săptămâni şi 2 zile) is a 2007 Romanian film, written and directed by Cristian Mungiu. It won the Palme d'Or and the FIPRESCI Award at the 2007 Cannes Film Festival. [ [http://www.iht.com/articles/2007/05/27/news/cannes.php Romania rules at Cannes Film Festival] , "International Herald Tribune", 27 May 2007]

The film is set in Communist Romania in the final years of the Nicolae Ceauşescu era. It tells the story of two students, roommates in the university dormitory, who try to arrange an illegal abortion.

After making its worldwide debut at Cannes, the film made its Romanian debut on June 1, 2007, at the Transilvania International Film Festival.

Plot

The film follows the story of Otilia Mihartescu (Anamaria Marinca) and Gabriela 'Găbiţa' Dragut (Laura Vasiliu), two university friends in Bucharest, Romania. The film is set in 1987, [http://www.time.com/time/arts/article/0,8599,1623326,00.html Three Twisty Delights] , "TIME", 18 May 2007] one of the last years of the Ceauşescu regime. When Găbiţa becomes pregnant, the two girls arrange a meeting with Mr. Bebe (Vlad Ivanov) in a hotel, where he is to perform an illegal abortion (Communist Romania had a natalist policy against abortion).

At a college dorm Gabriela and Otilia go over the items they need for the following day, and as Gabriela nervously sits and waits in the room, Otilia barters and buys soap, cigarettes, etc. from school friends. Afterwards, Otilia takes a bus to visit her boyfriend Adi, from whom she borrows money. Adi asks Otilia to visit his family that night, as it is his mother's birthday, and to buy flowers on the way, to which Otilia initially declines, but she relents after Adi becomes visibly upset.

Otilia heads to a hotel where Gabriela has booked a room, only to be informed by an unfriendly receptionist that there is no reservation under Gabriela's last name. Otilia goes to another hotel, and after much begging and haggling is able to book a room at an expensive rate. Afterwards Otilia goes to a rendezvous point to meet with Mr. Bebe, although he had been told by Gabriela that Otilia was her sister, and Mr. Bebe grows angry upon hearing that Gabriela is not at the planned hotel, and that he has to leave his ID at the front desk, fearing that the arrangement might be a police trap.

Mr. Bebe discovers that Gabriela's claim that her pregnancy was in its third month is a lie; in fact, it has been four months, three weeks, and two days. After threatening to leave when he makes it clear that he wanted sexual favors, and not just money, in exchange for the abortion, Mr. Bebe blackmails both Otilia and Gabriela into having sex with him in exchange for the abortion.

Mr. Bebe then performs the abortion by injecting a probe and some fluids into Gabriela, and leaves Otilia instructions on how to dispose of the fetus when it comes out. Otilia is visibly exasperated by Gabriela's lies, yet continues to help her and care for her.

Otilia leaves Gabriela at the hotel to go to Adi's mother's birthday. She's still visibly disturbed but stays and has dinner with Adi's mother's friends, who are mostly doctors. They all talk about trivial things while Otilia and Adi remain silent. The phone rings in the background, but no one answers it. One of the guests then starts talking about lost values and respect to elders when Otilia asked for a cigarette in front of Adi's parents, which prompts Adi to bring the champagne in order to get the party over with. Adi and Otilia then go to his room where Otilia tells him about Gabriela's abortion, and they start talking about what would happen if it was Otilia that was pregnant since Adi seems to be against abortions. After fighting with Adi, Otilia calls Gabriela from Adi's house. Gabriela does not answer, so Otilia decides to go back to the hotel.

When Otilia enters the room Gabriela is lying on the bed, and she tells Otilia that the fetus has come out and is in the bathroom. Otilia then wraps the fetus with some towels and puts everything in a bag, while Gabriela asks her to bury the fetus. Otilia then goes outside and walks around for a while, finally climbing to the top of a random building, like Mr. Bebe had suggested, dropping the bag on the trash chute.

Otilia then goes back to the hotel and finds Gabriela eating at the restaurant. She sits and tells Gabriela that they are never going to talk about the whole thing ever again.

Production

The initial idea [http://www.4months3weeksand2days.com/blog/2007/05/17/interview-republik/ Interview with Cristian Mungiu] by Ana Maria Sandu, "RE:PUBLIK" 25, May 2007 (in Romanian)] was inspired by Mungiu's project to do a film, "Memories from the Golden Age", which would collect several stories taking place during the Communist times in Romania. Mungiu felt the need for a serious movie, focusing on a tragic story of life under that regime, to balance the intended comedic tone of the planned "Memories from the Golden Age". He based the plot of "4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days" on a real story he had heard and, according to him, "still affected me after more than 15 years".

After thinking about the story for a month, Mungiu put down the synopsis in 10 minutes then wrote the screenplay in another month. He revised the screenplay numerous times during productions, rewriting and taking out parts that didn't seem necessary (some changes were also suggested by discussions with Răzvan Rădulescu, who co-wrote Cristi Puiu's previous two features).

Most of the filming was done in Bucharest, with some scenes filmed in a hotel in Ploieşti. The film was produced on budget of less than 600,000. [ [http://news.sawf.org/Entertainment/37764.aspx Top Cannes award for harrowing Romanian abortion film] , "SAWF News", 27 May 2007]

Reviews

The movie received an enthusiastic response from critics, earning a 96% rating on Rotten Tomatoes (based on 108 reviews), a website that aggregates professional critiques, [ [http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/4_months_3_weeks_and_2_days/ Rotten Tomatoes] ] while also earning a 97% rating on Metacritic (based on 37 reviews) and earning a 91% rating on Movie Mothertrucker (based on 20 reviews). [ [ http://moviemothertrucker.com/4months_3weeks_2days_movie.html] ] Jay Weissberg from "Variety" magazine opined that the film was "pitch perfect and brilliantly acted... a stunning achievement". He remarked that the film shares a number of characteristics with other productions of the New Romanian Cinema, namely: "long takes, controlled camera and an astonishing ear for natural dialogue." [Jay Weissberg, [http://www.variety.com/index.asp?layout=cannes2007&jump=review&reviewid=VE1117933650&cs=1 4 Months, 3 Weeks & 2 Days] , "Variety", 17 May 2007]

Several sources view the film as indicative of a broader renaissance in Romanian cinema in the 2000s, particularly as another Romanian film, Cristian Nemescu's "California Dreamin'", won the "Prix un certain regard" at the 2007 Cannes Film Festival [ [http://www.worldnewsaustralia.com.au/region.php?id=137301&region=3 Romania shines at Cannes] , SBS World News, 28 May 2007] [ [http://news.sawf.org/Entertainment/37777.aspx The little country that could: Romania shines at Cannes] , SAWF News, 27 May 2005] and the "The Death of Mr. Lazarescu", one of the best reviewed films of 2005, won the same award two years prior.

Top ten lists

The film appeared on many critics' top ten lists of the best films of 2007. [cite web|url=http://www.metacritic.com/film/awards/2007/toptens.shtml |title=Metacritic: 2007 Film Critic Top Ten Lists |accessdate=2008-01-05 |publisher=Metacritic]

*1st - A.O. Scott, "The New York Times"
*1st - Dana Stevens, "Slate"
*2nd - Liam Lacey and Rick Groen, "The Globe and Mail"
*3rd - Peter Rainer, "The Christian Science Monitor"
*3rd - Scott Foundas, "LA Weekly" (tied with Lake of Fire)
*3rd - Wesley Morris, "The Boston Globe"
*4th - Ella Taylor, "LA Weekly" (tied with Lake of Fire)
*4th - Kenneth Turan, "Los Angeles Times" (tied with Lady Chatterley)
*5th - Kevin Crust, "Los Angeles Times"
*8th - Lisa Schwarzbaum, "Entertainment Weekly"
*9th - Philip Martin, "Arkansas Democrat-Gazette"

Awards, nominations and accolades

Wins

*Cannes Film Festival
**Golden Palm
**FIPRESCI prize
**Cinema Prize of the French National Education System

*European Film Awards
**Best European Film
**Best European Director

*Hollywood Film Festival
**Hollywood World Award (Best Film)

*San Sebastián International Film Festival
**FIPRESCI Film of the Year

*Stockholm Film Festival
**Bronze Horse (Best Film)
**Best Actress

*National Board of Review
**Top Five Foreign Films

*Los Angeles Film Critics Association
**Best Foreign Film
**Best Actress (runner-up)
**Best Supporting Actor

*Sight & Sound Films of 2007
**Best Film

*Chicago Film Critics Association
**Best Foreign Language Film

*Toronto Film Critics Association
**Best Foreign Language Film

*National Society of Film Critics
**Best Foreign Language Film

Nominations

*European Film Awards
**Best European Actress
**Best European Screenwriter

*Satellite Awards
**Best Foreign Film

*Golden Globe Awards 2007
**Best Foreign Language Film

*Australian Film Critics Association 2007 Film Awards
**Best Overseas Film (commendation)

*Sarajevo Film Festival 2007
**Best Film

Notes

ee also

*Cinema of Romania

External links

* [http://www.4months3weeksand2days.com Official site]
* [http://moviemothertrucker.com/4months_3weeks_2days_movie.html 4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days at Movie MotherTrucker]
*imdb title|id=1032846|title=4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days
*rotten-tomatoes|id=4_months_3_weeks_and_2_days|title=4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days
*metacritic film|id=4months3weeksand2days|title=4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days
*mojo title|id=4months3weeks2days|title=4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days
*amg movie|id=1:396871|title=4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days
* [http://alltrailers.net/4-luni-3-saptamani-si-2-zile.html "4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days" Trailer"]
* [http://www.festival-cannes.fr/index.php/en/archives/film/4427638 Film page] on the official Cannes film festival site
* [http://european-films.net/content/view/780/62/ interview with "4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days" director Cristian Mungiu] at European-films.net
* [http://www.filmmakermagazine.com/winter2008/4months.php interview with "4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days" director Cristian Mungiu] at Filmmaker Magazine
* [http://dearcinema.com/4-months-3-weeks-and-2-day-unforgettable/ A Review] from Dear Cinema

###@@@KEY@@@###succession box
title=Palme d'Or
years=2007
before="The Wind That Shakes the Barley"
after="Entre les murs"


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