French Expeditionary Corps (1943-1944)


French Expeditionary Corps (1943-1944)

The French Expeditionary Corps ( _fr. Corps Expéditionaire Français, CEF), also known as the "French Expeditionary Corps in Italy" ( _fr. Corps Expéditionaire Français en Italie, CEFI), was an expeditionary force composed of French soldiers that fought in the Italian Campaign during World War II under the command of General Alphonse Juin. He landed in Italy in 1943 with 35,000 soldiers. De Gaulle wanted thr french army to fight in this campaign.

It was composed of 100,000 soldiers by 1944 and 120,000 for the battle of Monte Cassino, and was put under the command of General Mark Clark and his Fifth Army. Its commander was Alphonse Juin, a great tactician, assisted by General Carpentier. The other leaders were mainly General Monsabert (third DIA), General François Sevez, General Larminat, General Dody and General Brosset.

Juin was the one who made the plan to break the Gustav Line. The FEC took first Monte Belvedere, then won the battle for Monte Majo and the Garigliano, while US II Corps progressed on the left. After that, Polish II Corps, numbering 50,000 soldiers was able to take Monte Cassino.

The battle for the Gustav Line had been difficult for the FEC. It had been involved in violent combat in mountains.

Then, the FEC attacked the east of Rome while Clark entered the city, and then secured the road to Sienna. The city was then captured. The casualties for the campaign were approximatively 6,000 killed in action, 2,000 missing and 20,000 wounded. The survivors were withdrawn to Africa as they were a good experienced soldiers base for the army B.

Order of Battle

*1st Free French Division aka 1st Motorized Infantry Division
*2nd Moroccan Infantry Division
*3rd Algerian Infantry Division
*4th Moroccan Mountain Division
*Command of Moroccan Goumiers

ee also

*Marocchinate


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