Solomons Lump Light


Solomons Lump Light

Infobox Lighthouse


caption =
location = Kedges Straits North of Smith Island
coordinates = coord|38.048|N|76.015|W|type:landmark
yearbuilt = 1895
automated = 1950
yeardeactivated =
foundation = Pneumatic caisson
construction = Brick
shape = square tower
height = 47 ft
lens = fourth order Fresnel lens
range = 9 miles
characteristic = Flashing white with two red sectors
builder = William H. Flaherty
status = standing/active

Solomons Lump Light is a lighthouse in the Chesapeake Bay, the abbreviated remains of a caisson light built in 1895. That structure replaced a screw-pile light built on the same spot in 1875, which in turn superseded the Fog Point Light.

History

The Fog Point Light, on the northwestern corner of Smith Island, marked the entrance to Kedges Strait from 1827. By 1872 it was held to be ineffective in protecting a shoal extending north from the island, and a new light was sought specifically to mark the shoal. In 1875 a five-legged screw-pile structure was built, which survived until 1893, when ice knocked it over. Initial plans to replace it with a new screw-pile light were changed when extra funds became available from the savings in constructing Wolf Trap Light in Virginia, so a caisson structure was erected instead in 1895, using the pneumatic process to sink it in place. The bottom being soft, the caisson sank further than expected, and an extra course of plates had to be added to the top. A brick tower and octagonal wooden house were erected on this foundation.

Originally the new light was given a fifth-order fresnel lens. In 1919, however, this lens was replaced with the fourth-order lens from Cherrystone Bar Light in Virginia. Automation came in 1950, and some years later the house was removed, leaving the brick tower standing off-center on the platform.

References

* [http://www.lighthousefriends.com/light.asp?ID=435 Solomons Lump Lighthouse] - from Lighthousefriends.com
*cite book|title=The Lighthouses of the Chesapeake
last=de Gast|first=Robert
publisher=Johns Hopkins University Press
location=Baltimore
year=1973
pp. 138-141
* [http://www.uscg.mil/hq/g-cp/history/WEBLIGHTHOUSES/LHMD.html Maryland Light Stations] from United States Coast Guard website
* [http://www.cheslights.org/heritage/solomons.htm Solomon's Lump Lighthouse] from website of the Chesapeake Chapter of the U.S. Lighthouse Society


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Craighill Channel Lower Range Front Light — 22 August 1885 photo by Major Jared A. Smith. Location Entrance to the Patapsco River, Chesapeake Bay, Maryland Coordinates …   Wikipedia

  • Drum Point Light — 1915 photograph of Drum Point Light (USCG) Location originally off Drum Point at the mouth of the Patuxent River in the Chesapeake Bay; relocated to the Calvert Marine Museum Coordinates …   Wikipedia

  • Craighill Channel Upper Range Rear Light — Location East side of Sparrows Point on the north shore of the Patapsco River Coordinates …   Wikipedia

  • Craighill Channel Upper Range Front Light — undated photograph of the Craighill Channel Upper Range Front Light (USCG) Location West of Fort Howard (North Point) on the north shore of the Patapsco River Coordinates …   Wikipedia

  • Mathias Point Light — Location Potomac River opposite the mouth of the Port Tobacco River Coordinates 38°24′18″N 77°02′34″W /  …   Wikipedia

  • Concord Point Light — Location Havre de Grace, Maryland Coordinates …   Wikipedia

  • Choptank River Light — Undated photograph of Choptank River Light, Maryland (USCG) Location southeast of Bernoni Point at the mouth of the Tred Avon River, SE of Oxford, Maryland Coordinates …   Wikipedia

  • Maryland Point Light — 1952 photograph of Maryland Point Light (USCG) Location off Maryland Point in the Potomac River, East of Fairview Beach, Virginia Coordinates …   Wikipedia

  • Cobb Point Bar Light — 1912 photograph of Cobb Point Bar Light (USCG) Location off Cobb Island in the Potomac River at the mouth of the Wicomico River Coordinates …   Wikipedia

  • Cove Point Light — 1961 photograph of Cove Point Light (USCG) Location on Cove Point just south of Calvert Cliffs State Park Coordinates …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.