- Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus (consul 238 BC)
Tiberius Sempronius Tib.f. Gracchus (fl. 237 BC; d. by 215 BC), a Roman Republican consul in the year 238 BC, was the first man from his branch (stirps) of the family (the gens Sempronia) to become consul; several other plebeian Sempronii had already reached the consulship and even the censorship. He is best known as the father of the similarly named consul of 215 and 213 BC, and the grandfather of
Tiberius Gracchus Major, and the great-grandfather of the Brothers Gracchi (Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus).
Tiberius Gracchus had a relatively undistinguished consulship, with an indecisive campaign in Sardinia (Livy), after which he apparently vowed to dedicate a temple, not completed in his lifetime. That temple was completed and dedicated by his elder son, Tiberius, the consul of 215 BC and 213 BC.
His co-consul, the patrician consul, was
Pub. Valerius Q.f. Falto.
Family and descendants
Tiberius Gracchus was the father of at least two sons by an unknown wife:
* Tiberius Sempronius Tib. f. Tib. n. Gracchus, consul 215 BC and 213 BC (killed in ambush 212 BC), who was
curule aedilein 216 BC, then chosen Master of the Horseby the dictator Marcus Junius Pera, and then twice elected consul. He was an able consul, and known as an effective general of volunteer slave troops after the defeat at Cannae. His death in an ambush in 212 BC deprived him of further advancement; due to his popularity with the People and Senate alike, he would almost certainly have become Censor. The elder son was father of at least one son, and possibly two surviving sons.
** Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus who was elected to the priesthood in 203 BC at a very young age, and who died in the plague of 174 BC.
** (probable) Lucius Manlius Acidinus Sempronianus who replaced his dead kinsman as Augur, and whose name indicates that he was born a Sempronius and adopted into the patrician Manlii.
* Publius Sempronius Tib. f. Tib. n. Gracchus, of whom almost nothing is known. He had married and fathered a son
Tiberius Gracchus Majorby 217 BC, and may have died during the Second Punic War.
Tiberius Gracchus Major(ca 217 BC-154 BC), who married Scipio's younger daughter, and whose sons became famous as two reformist tribunes of the plebs who were undone by their conservative Opposition (some of them closely related).
Sempronia, wife and widow of her mother's cousin Scipio Aemilianus; no issue.
Tiberius Gracchus(ca. [168 BC] - 133 BC, killed in a riot by conservative Senators), his three sons all died young; and
Gaius Gracchus(154 BC- [121 BC] , committed suicide) who left a surviving daughter Semproniawho became her mother's and paternal grandmother's heiress (her father's property having been confiscated by the Senate). Her daughter Fulviaplayed an important part in Late Republican Roman politics by her three successive marriages to relatively impoverished tribunes of the plebs whose political career was made possible through her great wealth.
Other possible descendants
* The tribune of the plebs Publius Sempronius Gracchus who attacked
Manius Acilius Glabrio (consul 191 BC)and others for corrupt practices and forced him to withdraw his candidacy for censor, may have been another grandson, but this is not certain.
* A late first-century BC descendant may have been the Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus who was condemned to exile on an island for being Julia's lover.
List of Roman Republican consuls
Livy. History of Rome.
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Tiberius sempronius gracchus (consul en -238) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus. Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus est un homme d État romain. Il défait les Liguriens. En 238 av. J. C., il est consul. Il prend, la Sardaigne et la Corse après une révolte, qu il réunit… … Wikipédia en Français
Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus (consul en -238) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus. Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus est un homme d État romain. Il défait les Liguriens. En 238 av. J. C., il est consul. Il prend, la Sardaigne et la Corse après une révolte, qu il réunit… … Wikipédia en Français
Tibérius Sempronius Gracchus — Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus désigne plusieurs personnalités de la Rome antique : Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus, consul… … Wikipédia en Français
Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus désigne plusieurs personnalités de la Rome antique : Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus, consul en 238 ; Tiberius… … Wikipédia en Français
Tiberio Sempronio Graco (cónsul 238 a. C.) — Tiberio Sempronio Graco (en latín, Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus[n 1] ) fue un magistrado romano, primero de su cognomen dentro de la gens Sempronia en alcanzar el consulado. Cónsul en el año 238 a. C. junto con Publio Valerio Falto, llevó a cabo… … Wikipedia Español
Titus Sempronius Gracchus — Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus (consul en 238) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus. Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus est un homme d État romain. Il défait les Liguriens. En 238 av. J. C., il est consul. Il prend, la Sardaigne … Wikipédia en Français
Gracchus — Gracchus, Name der Glieder einer römischen, zur Sempronia gens gehörenden Familie. 1) Tiberius Sempronius G., Consul 238 v. Chr., siegte auf Sardinien u. Corsica. 2) Tiber. Semp. G., Sohn des Vor., 217 v. Chr. curulischer Ädil u. Magister equitum … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Sempronius (gens) — Sempronius (male) or Sempronia (female) was a Roman nomen of the gens Sempronia. The gens refers either to the patrician family Sempronius, or to one of the plebs gens of ancient Rome. The plebeian gens is probably unrelated to the patrician… … Wikipedia
Tiberius Gracchus Major — ( maior , Latin for the elder to distinguish him from his eldest son, the famous tribune; Latin: TI·SEMPRONIVS·P·F·TI·N·GRACCVS) (ca. 217 BC 154 BC) or Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus was a Roman politician of the 2nd century BC. Tiberius was of… … Wikipedia
Quintus Fulvius Flaccus (Consul En -237) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Quintus Fulvius Flaccus. Quintus Fulvius Flaccus est un consul de la République romaine. Il est le fils de Marcus Fulvius Flaccus (consul en 264 av. J. C.) et le père de Quintus Fulvius Flaccus, (consul en 180 av … Wikipédia en Français