Achievement test


Achievement test

An achievement test is a test of developed skill or knowledge. The most common type of achievement test is a standardized test developed to measure skills and knowledge learned in a given grade level, usually through planned instruction, such as training or classroom instruction.Hawaii Department of Education. (1999, November 19). "Assessment Terminology". Retrieved June 11, 2007, from http://www.k12.hi.us/~atr/evaluation/glossary.htm] University of Wisconsin-Stout. (2007, June 11). "Glossary". Retrieved June 11, 2007, from http://faculty.uwstout.edu/lawlerm/at101/glossary.shtml] Achievement tests are often contrasted with tests that measure aptitude, a more general and stable cognitive trait.

Achievement test scores are often used in an educational system to determine what level of instruction for which a student is prepared. High achievement scores usually indicate a mastery of grade-level material, and the readiness for advanced instruction. Low achievement scores can indicate the need for remediation or repeating a course grade.

Under No Child Left Behind, achievement tests have taken on an additional role of assessing proficiency of students. Proficiency is defined as the amount of grade-appropriate knowledge and skills a student has acquired up to the point of testing. Better teaching practices are expected to increase the amount learned in a school year, and therefore to increase achievement scores, and yield more "proficient" students than before.

When writing achievement test items, writers usually begin with a list of content standards (either written by content specialists or based on state-created content standards) which specify exactly what students are expected to learn in a given school year. The goal of item writers is to create test items that measure the most important skills and knowledge attained in a given grade-level. The number and type of test items written is determined by the grade-level content standards. Content validity is determined by the representativeness of the items included on the final test.

See also

*Psychological testing
*Test (student assessment)
*High stakes test

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • achievement test — ☆ achievement test n. a test, often in a standardized format, for measuring a student s mastery of a given subject or skill …   English World dictionary

  • Achievement-Test —   [ə tʃiːvmənt , englisch], Psychologie: der Leistungstest, z. B. Schulleistungstest, Berufsleistungstest …   Universal-Lexikon

  • achievement test — noun : a standardized test for measuring the skill or knowledge attained by an individual in one or more fields of work or study compare intelligence test * * * a test designed to measure the knowledge or proficiency of an individual in something …   Useful english dictionary

  • achievement test — /əˈtʃivmənt tɛst/ (say uh cheevmuhnt test) noun a test designed to measure the results of learning or teaching, as contrasted with tests of native ability or aptitude. Compare intelligence test …   Australian English dictionary

  • achievement test — a test designed to measure the knowledge or proficiency of an individual in something that has been learned or taught, as arithmetic or typing. Cf. intelligence test. [1920 25] * * * …   Universalium

  • achievement test — type of test which examines a student s knowledge in a specific area …   English contemporary dictionary

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