- Vigneron submachine gun
type= Submachine gun
designer= Georges Vigneron
weight= 3kg (empty); 3.68kg (loaded)
rate= 620 rpm
range= 100m effective
feed= 32 round MP40 magazine
The Vigneron is a
submachine gunmanufactured in Belgiumduring the 1950s. It used the 9x19mm NATO cartridge and was used by the Belgian Armyuntil the 1980s. It had the ability to use MP40type magazines which were popular in Europe at the time. The Vigneron is a selective fire weapon for short range street and brush fighting. It remains reasonably accurate up to 100m using sighted semi-automatic fire. For close range combat, 2- or 3-shot bursts are recommended.
World War IIthe Belgian Armywas equipped with a mixture of British and American guns. The army, wanting to replace them with a modern and, if possible, Belgian design, held tests between several prototypes:
* the Imperia, an improved
* the RAN, a design by "Repousmetal S.A.";
* several FN prototypes; and
* The Vigneron M1
The Vigneron M1 was designed by a retired Belgian army Colonel,
Georges Vigneron, and officially adopted by the Belgian army in 1953.
The first series of vignerons was manufactured by the Societe Anonyme Precision Liegeoise in Herstal. Some parts were subcontracted to the State Arsenal at Rocourt in Liège, who eventually began making complete guns. Other Vignerons were fabricated by the company Ateliers de Fabrications Electriques et Metalliques or AFEM in
Brussels. An unconfirmed story says that the CMH inscription on the grip means Compagnie de Manufacture Herstal and this company is supposed to have made the plastic lower receiver.
The first model Vigneron was made until serial number 21300 in 1954.
The M2 version was an improvement in several ways:
* a front sight protector was installed
* a rear sight notch was used instead of a peep sight
* the dust cover closing spring was made stronger
Design and influence
The Vigneron is a simple blowback design and was made out of stamped sheet metal and a plastic grip frame. It uses the standard 9x19mm
NATOround out of a 32-shot box single column magazine. Army doctrine recommends to shortload the magazine to 28 rounds to prevent failures. A loading tool is used to assist loading the magazine.
The gun was designed with a long barrel (305mm) which featured a compensator and cooling fins. Empty casings are ejected out of the ejection port on the right which has a hinged dust cover. This cover opens automatically when cocking the gun.
The bolt handle is on the left side and is non reciprocating.
The stock is heavy steel wire and it telescopes along the receiver; one end is slotted for swabs and the other is threaded for a cleaning brush.
The sights are fixed and set for a range of 50m. The M2 has a simple notch rear sight and a hood cover that protects the front sight.
The pistol grip contains a grip safety which must be held before the weapon can be cocked or fired.
There are three selector positions: safe, semi-automatic and full automatic fire. When set to full-auto; it is still possible to squeeze off single rounds with good trigger control.
You can easily see that the designer was heavily influenced by some proven designs. The barrel compensator and cooling rings are reminiscent of the
Thompson submachine gun, the wire stock looks like the M3 submachine gun, the bolt design is nearly identical to the Stenand the magazine is almost the same as the one designed for the MP40; German magazines are usable in the Vigneron, but not the other way around.
* [http://www.geocities.com/Yosemite/Forest/5078/ Vigneron "fan site" with useful info]
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