Kuala Lumpur International Airport


Kuala Lumpur International Airport

Infobox Airport
name = Kuala Lumpur International Airport
nativename = Lapangan Terbang Antarabangsa Kuala Lumpur
吉隆坡國際機場
கோலாலம்பூர் சர்வதேச விமான நிலையம்


image-width =
caption = The KLIA control tower and part of the airport
IATA = KUL
ICAO = WMKK
type = Public
owner =
operator = Malaysia Airports (Sepang) Sdn Bhd
city-served =
location = Sepang, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
elevation-f = 71
elevation-m = 21
coordinates = Coord|2|44|44|N|101|42|35|E|type:airport
website = [http://www.klia.com.my/ www.klia.com.my]
metric-elev =
metric-rwy =
r1-number = 14L/32R
r1-length-f = 13,530
r1-length-m = 4,124
r1-surface = Concrete
r2-number = 14R/32L
r2-length-f = 13,288
r2-length-m = 4,056
r2-surface = Concrete
stat-year = 2007
stat1-header = Passenger movements
stat1-data = 26,938,970
stat2-header = Airfreight movements in tonnes
stat2-data = 649,197
stat3-header = Aircraft movements
stat3-data = 193,982
footnotes =

Kuala Lumpur International Airport airport codes|KUL|WMKK commonly known as KLIA is one of Asia's major aviation hubs, along with Bangkok's Suvarnabhumi Airport, Hong Kong International Airport and Singapore Changi Airport. It is also Malaysia's main international airport. It is situated in Sepang district, in the south of the state of Selangor, about convert|50|km|mi from the capital city, Kuala Lumpur. Built at a cost of some US$3.5 billioncite web|title = History of KLIA|publisher =|date=1998|url=http://www.dcaklia.gov.my/EnglishPages/MENU/MainFrame.htm] based on USD2.53 per unit ringgit.cite web|title = Exhange rate of USD-MYR|publisher =XE Currency|accessdate= 2008-05-28|url =http://www.xe.com/ict/]

Kuala Lumpur International Airport is capable of handling 35 million passengers and 1.2 million tonnes of cargo a year in its current phase. It is currently ranked as the 13th busiest airport in the world by international passenger traffic in 2007, and is one of Asia's busiest airport where it has handled 26,938,970 passengers in the year of 2007, a 13.0% increase over 2005 fiscal year. In the same year, Kuala Lumpur International Airport has handled 677 446 metric tonnes of cargo or 3.6% increase in volume over year 2005. The increase in cargo volume made Kuala Lumpur International Airport entry to being one of the busiest airport by cargo traffic, ranked 30th among all other airports.cite web|title = 30 Busiest Airport in the World|publisher =ACI Asia Pacific|date= July,2007|url = http://www.aci-asiapac.aero/cda/aci_common/display/main/aci_content07_c.jsp?zn=aci&cp=1-5-54-4819_666_2__]

The airport is operated by Malaysia Airports (MAHB) Sepang Sdn Bhd and is the airline hub or home base for Malaysia Airlines, MASkargo, AirAsia and AirAsia X. KLIA is also the stopover point for the kangaroo route for Malaysia Airlines.

Kuala Lumpur International Airport is serving Klang Valley Metropolitan Region, Greater Klang Valley, Shah Alam, Malacca, Negeri Sembilan, Selangor and South Perak. With the large catchment area, the airport became one of the key economic strength for the nation, where it is well connected expressways to all parts of Peninsular Malaysia, some of the highly industralized areas like Shah Alam and the information and communications technology hub, Multimedia Super Corridor. It is one of the important component in the economy of Malaysia as the airport is the main import-export center for the country.

The IATA airport code, KUL was inherited from the previous international gateway for Malaysia, Subang International Airport, which currently handles only turboprop aircraft, general aviation and houses a military air base.

History

The planning of KLIA began in 1990 when the government decided that the existing Subang International Airport (now Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport) could not handle future demand. Malaysia's Prime Minister Mahathir bin Mohamad was a prime driver behind the project, which was seen as an important component of the Multimedia Super Corridor.

The decision was controversial. The location, over 51 km from Kuala Lumpur, was viewed as inconvenient; the cost ballooned from original estimates; critics alleged that, contrary to the government's assertions, Subang could still be expanded. Indeed, work on Subang continued simultaneously with KLIA's construction. Subang's new Terminal 3 was opened in December 1993 and Terminal 2 was refurbished in 1995, only three years before KLIA's opening.cite web|title = History of KLIA|publisher =|date=1998|url=http://www.dcaklia.gov.my/EnglishPages/MENU/MainFrame.htm]

With the airport site spanning 100 km², it is one of the largest airport sites in the world. It is built on a piece of agricultural land and required no demolition of private property. The master plan of Kuala Lumpur International Airport involves constructing five runways, and two terminals accompanied by two satellite terminals for each terminal over three phases. Phase One development includes constructing one main terminal accompanied by one satellite terminal that is enough to accommodate 25 million passengers and dual full service runways. Under the implementation of Phase One, sixty contact piers, twenty remote parking bays with eighty aircraft parking positions, four maintenance hangars and fire stations will be built. Implementation of phase two and three will be expansions of the airport to include increasing number of passengers.. Ultimately, the airport will be able to handle 100 million passengers per annum once all three phases are implemented.cite web|title = Phases of KLIA|publisher =|date=1998|url=http://www.kiat.net/klia/phases.html]

With the workforce of 25,000 workers working 24 hours a day, the airport was built within four and half years. The airport was officially inaugurated on June 27, 1998, a week ahead of Hong Kong International Airport, but flights were shifted from Subang only three days later on June 30 in time for the 1998 Commonwealth Games. The first domestic arrival was Malaysia Airlines flight MH1263 from Kuantan (Kuantan Airport) at 7.10am and first international passenger jet arrival was Malaysia Airlines flight MH188 from Malé (Malé International Airport) at 7.30am while the first domestic departure was Malaysia Airlines flight MH1432 to Langkawi (Langkawi International Airport) at 7.20am and first international passenger jet departure was Malaysia Airlines flight MH84 to Beijing (Beijing Capital International Airport) at 9am.cite web|title = First Flights of Kuala Lumpur International Airport|publisher =Department of Civil Aviation KLIA Branch |date=1998|url=http://www.dcaklia.gov.my/EnglishPages/History/history_opening.htm ]

The inauguration of the airport was marked with problems. Aerobridge and bay allocation systems broke down, queues formed throughout the airport, and baggage handling broke down, with lost bags and waits of over five hours.cite web|title = KLIA's opening marked with problems |publisher = Lim Kit Siang Media Release |date=July,1998|url= http://www.limkitsiang.com/archive/1998/July98/sg1120.htm] Most of these issues were sorted out eventually, but the baggage handling system continued to be plagued with problems, and it was finally put up for a new complete replacement tender in 2007.

The airport also had to contend with the East Asian financial crisis, SARS and Bird Flu Epidemic (Avian Flu) which decimated passenger traffic in Malaysia and the region. Passenger growth was negative during the financial crisis and airlines that had started flights to KLIA including All Nippon Airways, British Airways, Lufthansa and Northwest Airlines, terminated their services due to unprofitability. The first phase of the airport was designed with a capacity of 25 million passengers per year but on the first full year of operations in 1999, it saw only 13.2 million.cite web|title = Passengers at Kuala Lumpur Airport up despite fewer airlines|publisher = Asian Economic News |date= 6, August 2001|url=http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0WDP/is_2001_August_6/ai_77496547] However, traffic did eventually increase with 21.1 million passengers recorded in 2004 and 23.2 million in 2005 — although this, too, fell short of the original estimate of 25 million by the year 2003.

The name "Kuala Lumpur International Airport" was previously used as an alternative name for the Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport (SZB) in Subang.

KLIA was planned on 1990. The airport is being built of 5 years. It opened on June 27 1998.

Expansion and Developments

Plans

Under the new Kuala Lumpur International Airport Masterplan, a new runway and a new satellite building will be constructed to accommodate the increasing number of passengers. The airport Phase 2 development plan is to handle 40 million (increase5 Million) passengers per year by 2008 with the expansion of low cost carrier terminal. For phase 3, the airport will expand to handle 75 million (increase35 million) passengers per annum with the construction of a new satellite terminal and replacement of current low cost carrier terminal with a new low cost carrier terminal that capable of handling 30 million passengers alone. Phase 4, the airport will be capable to 130 million passengers per annum by 2020.

With the slight modification of the masterplan, the future Terminal 2's satellite terminal will be combined into one satellite terminal. The expansion of Terminal 2's satellite terminal will be exactly the same as Terminal 1's satellite terminal, where initially the satellite terminal will have four arms, and another four arms when the terminal reached its capacity. There is sufficient land and capacity to develop facilities to handle up to 130 million passengers a year, five runways by the year 2020 and two mega-terminals, each linked with satellite terminals.cite web|title = Phases of KLIA|publisher =|date=1998|url=http://www.kiat.net/klia/phases.html] The airport's vicinity will include hiking trails for jet-lagged travelers, golf courses, convention center, a theme park, a shopping center, hotels, and a wetlands nature preserve. Sepang International Circuit, which hosts Formula 1 and MotoGP races, is also nearby. There has also been a proposal for a monorail link to the F1 circuit. The development plan is due to be ready by April 2008.cite web|title = KLIA to have a Theme Park|publisher = The Star|accessdate=2001-01-08|url=http://biz.thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2008/1/8/business/20080108152824&sec=business]

In November 2006, the Malaysian government announced that it had approved in principal the construction of a rail link between the main terminal building and the low cost carrier terminal. Construction is scheduled to begin in 2007. There were however no details of which company would carry out the project, nor was there an indication that it would be directly connected to the existing airport high-speed train Express Rail Link

With an increasing number of passengers using the Low Cost Carrier Terminal, Malaysia Airports Holding Berhad (MAHB), the company managing KLIA has approved Low Cost Carrier Terminal (LCCT) expansion beginning early 2007 to accommodate more passengers as the current LCCT is nearly in full capacity. The expansion of LCCT also shows the support for launch of Malaysia's first long haul low cost carrier, AirAsia X by making the terminal able to accommodate wide-bodied aircraft that are used by AirAsia X [The Star. Once the expansion of LCCT is completed, it will be able to handle 15 million passengers per annum. [http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2006/12/18/nation/16352789&sec=nation Upgrade for LCCT next year] . November 08,2006] However, the Low Cost Carrier Terminal is a temporary solution for budget travellers, MAHB has submitted a proposal to the Transport Ministry to build a new, permanent LCC hub in between the main terminal building and satellite building A to replace the present Low Cost Carrier terminal.cite web|title = New LCC Hub Proposed |publisher = The Star Malaysia|accessdate=2007-11-03|url=http://biz.thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2007/2/3/business/16750455&sec=business Proposal of new LCC Hub]

The airport operator has announced that the construction works for the extension of LCCT will begin in March 2008 and expected to complete by December 2008. The capacity for the LCCT will increase from 10 million passengers a year to 15 million passengers a year. A proposal for a more permanent building to house a new LCCT has been submitted and expected to have a capacity for 30 million passengers a year. It is also expected that the new LCCT will be completed by 2011 to 2012cite web|title =LCCT expansion to begin next month |publisher = The Edge Daily |accessdate= 2008-02-01|url= http://www.theedgedaily.com/cms/content.jsp?id=com.tms.cms.article.Article_d4b9ae4c-cb73c03a-19214b10-2b06279c ] . It is expected that the current LCCT will be converted in to a cargo hub once the new terminal is completed.cite web|title =LCCT may become cargo hub when new terminal is up |publisher = The Star Online |accessdate= 2008-02-01|url=http://biz.thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2008/2/2/business/20216332&sec=business ] The RM124 million LCCT expansion project tender was won by Fajarbaru Builder Group Bhd and construction work is expected to begin immediately. [cite news| publisher=Business Times| url=http://biz.thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2008/3/25/business/20741739&sec=business| title=Fajarbaru wins RM124m KLIA job| accessdate=2008-03-25

The airport operator has announced that the construction of a permanent LCCT will commence sometime in 2008 although the site has yet to be finalized. It is expected that the permanent LCCT will have a design capacity of 30 to 35 million passengers per annum.cite news| title=Work on permanent LCCT to start this year| url=http://biz.thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2008/4/4/business/20837166&sec=business| author= CHOW HOW BAN| publisher=The Star | accessdate=2008-04-03]

A380 Upgrades

The operator of Kuala Lumpur International Airport, Malaysia Airports Holding Berhad, had spend about RM135 million (approx US$39 million) to upgrade facilities at the KL International Airport (KLIA) in Sepang to accommodate the Airbus A380. Upgrading works started on April 3, 2006 and was completed by May 28, 2007. Works include the provision of shoulders on both sides of the two existing runways of 15 meters as well as the taxiways, building additional aerobridges at the three departure halls, namely C17, C27 and C37, and enhancing the mezzanine lounges for upper deck passengers of the aircraft at the departure halls.cite web|title = MAHB upgrade KLIA to take in A380 |publisher = NST |accessdate=2006-08-16|url=http://www.redorbit.com/news/business/618308/mahb_upgrades_klia_to_take_in_a380/index.html ]

Operations and infrastructure

KLIA features a number of modern design features that assist in efficient operation of the airport.

Terminals

The Passenger Terminal Complex (PTC) was built with an emphasis on allowing natural light into the building. Thus, there is a huge expanse of glass throughout the building, and the spectacular roof has cut-outs for natural light to filter in. The PTC comprises three buildings - the Main Terminal Building, the Satellite Building and the Contact Pier. Besides the 80-room hotel at the Satellite Building, there is a 450-room 5-star Pan Pacific KLIA hotel a 10 minute (indoor) walk away. Shopping spots are available in an area encompassing 85,000 square metres. Currently, the retail space at the Kuala Lumpur International Airport stands at convert|63644|m2|sqft. The airport operator plans to increase the retail space to convert|103251|m2|sqft, an 62.2% increase in retail space. Malaysia Airports's retail arm Eraman will boost retail shops to 277 from 242 and add more food and beverage outlets to 99 from 88 presently.cite web|title =Non-airport businesses boost MAHB profit |publisher = BTimes |accessdate=2008-02-29|url=http://www.btimes.com.my/Current_News/BTIMES/Friday/Frontpage/AIRPO.xml/Article/index_html]

Main terminal building and contact pier

The Main terminal building or Terminal 1 is located in between the two runways. The building consist of 39 square roof units, which enables future expansion of the building. There are a total of 216 check-in counters, located in 6 different islands, identified by the letters A – M (excluding I). Multi check-in services are available, designed for the use of all passengers arriving, departing or in transit. On 2 February, 2007, Malaysia Airports introduces 12 integrated self check-in kiosks (CUSS) for passengers. The first airline to use that system is KLM. cite web|title = KLIA Introduces Integrated Self Check In Kiosks for Benefits of Passengers |publisher = Air Transport News |accessdate=|url= http://www.airtransportnews.aero/cgi-bin/article.pl?&id=5194 ] A further 24 kiosks will be added later by the airport operatorcite web|title =Self Check In at KLIA |publisher = New Straits Times |accessdate= 2007-08-21|url=http://www.nst.com.my/Weekly/Travel/article/TravelNews/20070821115659/Article/pp_index_html ] cite web|title =KLIA partners with SITA to be the first fully integrated Airport in Asia |publisher = |accessdate= 2005-09-21|url=http://www.centreforaviation.com/aviation/Info_Services_News/Aviation_News/KLIA_partners_with_SITA_to_be_the_first_fully_integrated_Airport_in_Asia/ ]

The contact pier is the rectangular shaped terminal that is connected to the Main Terminal Building which serves as the domestic terminal of KLIA. It is currently the preferred terminal for Malaysia Airlines' domestic flights, however, it no longer caters the low-cost carriers' departing and arriving passengers. At the north side of the pier, it can only accommodate narrow-bodied aircraft. In contrast, the south side of the contact pier can accommodate B737 and B747 or similar sized aircraft.

The Malaysia Airports Holding Berhad derives 65% of its total annual revenue from non-aeronautical sources, with 35% from commercial space rental and a percentage of sale receipts.There were plans to increase and maximize the Main Terminal Building's and Contact Pier's retail area however, the plan was postponed due to Visit Malaysia Year 2007.cite web|title = KLIA retail space due to be optimized |publisher = The Star Business|accessdate= 2007-03-13|url= http://biz.thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2007/3/13/business/17126099&sec=business] .

The gates in Main Terminal Building's contact pier has alphabet prefix of "A", "B", "G" and "H".

atellite terminal A

The convert|143404|m2|sqft satellite building accommodates international flights departing and arriving at KLIA. Passengers have to travel to the satellite building via the Aerotrain. There are wide array of duty-free shops and prestige brand boutiques in the satellite building. This includes international brands such as Burberry, Harrods, Mont Blanc, Salvatore Ferragamo and recently, Mango has opened its first boutique at an airport in the Asian region. Among all international labels available within the terminal, some boutiques such as Harrods are only available in the airport. Liquor and perfumes are particularly popular, accounting for over half of total retail sales, followed by watches and tobacco productsFact|date=September 2007. A number of restaurants and international airlines' lounges are available as well as an Airside Transit Hotel.

Within the terminal, wireless internet (Wifi) are provided free of charge. The terminal also has prayer rooms, showers and massage service. Various lounge areas are provided, some including children's play areas and movie lounge, broadcasting movie and sport channels such as Star Movies.cite web |url=http://www.centreforaviation.com/aviation/Info_Services_News/Aviation_News/KLIA_increase_WiFi_range/|title=KLIA increase WiFi range |accessdate=2008-02-19 |publisher= CAPA |work= ] The terminal also features a natural rainforest in the middle of the terminal, exhibiting the Malaysian forests.

Under Malaysia Airports Berhad retail optimisation plan, the retail space in satellite terminal A will be further optimized to increase its revenue derived from commercial space rental and a percentage of sale receipts to 50% by year 2010 which currently stands at 35%. Some notable improvements that will be seen after the refurbishments will be the Jungle Boardwalk which will be the first of its kind in the world and larger mezzanine floor to accommodate F&B outlets and viewing galleries.cite web |url=http://www.redorbit.com/news/business/1075828/9_firms_shortlisted_for_klia_retail_expansion_project/index.html|title=9 firms shortlisted for KLIA retail expansion project|accessdate=2008-02-16 |publisher= NST |work= ] .

The gates in Satellite Terminal A have alphabelth prefix of "C".The Satellite A terminal has 27 boarding gates altogether.

Low cost carrier terminal

The first purpose built Low Cost Carrier Terminal (LCCT) was specifically built at KL International Airport to cater to the growing passengers of the low cost airlines, especially the passengers of Malaysia's "no-frills" airline, AirAsia. Construction of the LCC Terminal was on a fast-track basis beginning June 2005 at an approximate cost of RM 108 million. cite web|title = KLIA LCCT|publisher =Malaysia Airports Berhad|accessdate= 2008-06-07|url = http://www.klia.com.my/LCCTerminal/]

The 35,290 square-meter terminal is designed and built to suit the low cost carrier (LCC) business model that requires only basic terminal amenities. In order to offer lower landing fees, handling fees and airport taxes, it cuts back on amenities such as aerobridges, elaborate physical structures and decorations in the passenger terminal building. There is no transfer facility at the LCCT. Passengers who need to make transfers need to clear immigration, collect their luggage, clear customs, make their way to the main terminal and re-checkin with the respective airline.

The LCCT is located on the opposite side of the apron from the Main Terminal Building, near the air cargo area. By road, the LCCT is about 20 km from the Main Terminal Building.

However, the current Low Cost Carrier Terminal is a temporary solution for the increasing demand of no-frilled airline passengers. Therefore, Malaysia Airports Holding Berhad has incorporated the plans to build a new permanent LCC terminal which can accommodate 30 million passengers per annum . This airport was the first airport to have separation between normal carriers and low cost carrier.

The gates in Satellite Terminal A have alphabelth prefix of "P" and "T".

Kuala Lumpur City Air Terminal

Kuala Lumpur City Air Terminal, or KL CAT located at KL Sentral is a virtual extension of Kuala Lumpur International Airport where city check-in services are provided. Kuala Lumpur City Air Terminal is recognized by International Air Transport Association which carries IATA designation XKL. Currently there are only 4 airlines providing city check-in services, they are Cathay Pacific, Emirates Airline, Malaysia Airlines and Royal Brunei Airlines. However, the situation is due to be changed as 10 SITA's AirportConnect CUTE (Common Use Terminal Equipment) were installed on 10 check-in desks in KL CAT that enables all airlines to offer city check-in service for their passengers. [ [http://www.kliaekspres.com/All%20Airlines%20can%20now%20offer%20city%20check-in%20in%20KL%20Sentral.html All Airlines can now offer city check-in in KL Sentral] ] . Apart from providing check-in services, the virtual terminal operator, Express Rail Link Sdn Bhd which operates KLIA Express is planning to roll out baggage check-out service in January 2008 whereby passengers only collect their baggage and declare taxable items in Kuala Lumpur City Air Terminal. [ [http://www.travelmole.com/stories/1122954.php KL Sentral to offer check out baggage service] ]

Awards and recognitions

Since its inauguration in year 1998, it has won numerous awards from international organizations around the world such as Skytrax and International Air Transport Association. KLIA's commitment to promote environment responsibility for all local and foreign travellers was recognized by Green Globe, which is the first and only airport in the world to receive Green Globe certificate in year 2004 onwards.cite web|title = KLIA receives Green Globe 21 Cert |publisher = KLIA |accessdate=2007|url=http://pgp.klia.com.my/v1/greenGlobe.php ]

Since its inauguration on 27 June,1998, the airport has won awards. With its continuous effort to provide excellent services to passengers, the airport has emerged as one of the top five airports in the world.

In 2007, KLIA was rated the best airport in the world for 15-25 million passengers with "Third Best Airport in Asia Pacific and Worldwide" for the year of 2006. The award was organised by Airports Council International Airport Service Quality (ACI-ASQ)cite web|title = KLIA Bags 3 Global Awards for year 2006|publisher = ACI |date=2007|url=http://biz.thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2007/3/14/business/17132097&sec=business] . While in the 2007 Skytrax Airport of the Year awards, it finished fifth behind Hong Kong International Airport, Incheon International Airport, Singapore Changi Airport and Munich Airport.cite web|title =Skytrax Airport of the Year 2007 |publisher = Skytrax |date= 2008-02-27|url=http://www.worldairportawards.com/Awards_2007/Airport2007.htm] In the 2008 Skytrax Airport of the Year Awards, it moved up a place to fourth in the World's Best Airport for the year 2008. [cite news| title=Skytrax votes KLIA as world’s fourth best| url= http://www.thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2008/7/16/nation/21832299&sec=nation| publisher=The Star Malaysia| accessdate=2008-07-16]

In 2008, KLIA was honored again with the best airport in the world for 15-25 million passengers category n the Airport Council International's (ACI) Airport Services Quality Awards 2007. KLIA also improved its ranking this year for Best Airport Worldwide and Best Airport Asia Pacific by coming in second behind Seoul's Incheon International Airport [cite news| title=KLIA - world's best airport for third year running| url= http://www.btimes.com.my/Current_News/BTIMES/Wednesday/Nation/klia01f.xml/Article/index_html| publisher=Business Times| accessdate=2008-04-02] , beating Singapore Changi Airport and Hong Kong International Airport which are the leaders in service excellency.cite web|title =Airport Service Quality Awards 2007 |publisher = ACI |date=2008-02-27|url=http://www.airports.org/cda/aci_common/display/main/aci_content07_c.jsp?zn=aci&cp=1-7-46^21375_666_2__]

Apart from these, Kuala Lumpur International Airport is the first airport in the world to be accredited with Airport Service Quality (ASQ) Assured certificate from Airports Council International (ACI)cite web|title =KLIA First To Get Airport Service Quality Assured Certificate
publisher = Bernama News Agency|accessdate= 2007-11-12|url=http://www.bernama.com/aviation_news/news.php?id=295691&lang=en
]

Ground transportation

Inter-terminal transportation

Terminals of Kuala Lumpur International Airport are well connected with KLIA Automated People Mover (Aerotrain), a three-car driverless train that runs on elevated rail and under the taxiways, and also bus system.

; Main Terminal Building – LCCT: The LCCT is connected with the Main Terminal Building with a NadiKLIA bus for RM1.50. The Malaysian government announced in November 2006 that it had approved in principle the construction of a rail link between the Main Terminal Building and LCCT. However, the construction is pending until the new LCCT hub complex is fully constructed by 2010.; Main Terminal Building – Satellite Terminal A: The Main Terminal Building and Satellite Building are connected by Aerotrain at three to five minute intervals. The journey between terminals takes under two minutes, and each 250-person capacity train is able to transport 3,000 passengers per hour per direction with the maximum speed being 56 km/h (35mp/h). This is a complimentary service for all passengers traveling to/from Satellite Terminal

Rail

: "Main articles: KL-RTS-KEL, KL-RTS-KTL,KLIA ERL station,KL Sentral

Destinations by airline

Note:
* ¹ Though Cathay Pacific's flight to/from Hong Kong involve a stop in Kuala Lumpur, passengers cannot purchse tickets to fly Cathay Pacific between Penang and Kuala Lumpur.
* ² Great efforts has been taken to ensure the information of airlines and destination are accurate.

Prospective Airlines and Routes

*"AirAsia" (Planned for Guilincite web|title =Korean Air to launch budget offshoot in May |publisher =Thestar.com |accessdate=2008-05-16|url=http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2007/5/28/nation/17833247&sec=nation] and Tiruchirapalli by 2008)
*Air Blue (Launching Pakistan-Kuala Lumpur in mid 2009) cite web|title =Pakistan's Airblue To Launch KL Flight In 2009 |publisher =Bernama |accessdate=2008-09-12|url=http://web6.bernama.com/aviation_news/news.php?id=358439&lang=en&cat=b]
*Bangkok Airways (Planned for KUL-Samui route) cite web|title =Bangkok Air Route Map |publisher = Bangkok Air|accessdate=2007-11-25|url=http://www.bangkokair.com/routemap/]
*Best Air (Dhaka)cite web |url=http://www.btimes.com.my/Wednesday/Latest/20080220152018|title=Bangladesh’s Best Air to fly to KL in March |accessdate=2008-02-21 |publisher=NST|work= ]
*British Airways (Plans to reinstate flights from LHR-KUL)cite web|title = BA Plans to Restart LHR-KUL flights|publisher = The Star |accessdate=2007-09-26|url=http://biz.thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2007/9/26/business/20070926112437&sec=business ]
*"Jet Airways" (Plan to start Kuala Lumpur-Mumbai by second quarter of 2008) cite web|title =Jet Airways flies bigger plane on Malaysia route, Plans to Introduce KUL-BOM route|publisher = The Earth Times|accessdate=2007-12-30|url=http://www.earthtimes.org/articles/show/166308.html]
*Jetstar (Plans to introduce MEL-KUL, DRW-KUL and BNE-KUL) cite web|title =Jetstar keen to add new routes |publisher = The Star |accessdate=2008-02-18|url=http://biz.thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2008/2/18/business/20347165&sec=business ]
*Jin Air (Planned for ICN-KUL in 2009)cite web|title =Korean Air to launch budget offshoot in May |publisher =FT.com |accessdate=2007-11-26|url=http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/8af501b8-9c05-11dc-bcd8-0000779fd2ac.html ]
*Mandala Airlines (Plan to fly into KLIA and Singapore as part of its' expansion plan) [ [http://www.btimes.com.my/Current_News/BT/Thursday/Latest/20071004145445/Article/ Mandala Airlines to fly to Malaysia, Singapore] ]
*Pacific Airlines
*Royal Jordanian (Plans to expand south-east Asian routes with Hong Kong added in 2008, with another two planned) [ [http://www.ameinfo.com/131860.html Royal Jordanian Plans to Launch 2 South East Asian routes] ]
*Royal Khmer Airlines (Plans to restart KUL-PNH after it has stopped all its operations) [ [http://www.royalkhmerairlines.com/route.html Royal Khmer Route Map] ]
*Sriwijaya Air (Planning to start Medan-Kuala Lumpur-Middle East routes )cite web|title =Sriwijaya Air Plans To Make KLIA For Middle East Region |publisher = Bernama |accessdate=2008-09-12|url=http://web6.bernama.com/aviation_news/news.php?id=357942&lang=en] Note: Airline names that are shown in italics shows that the airline is currently serving Kuala Lumpur International Airport.

Previous users

*Aeroflot
*Air Kazakhstan (Defunct)
*Air France (UTA)
*Air Macau
*Airtours International Airways (Now known as Thomas Cook Airlines)
*All Nippon Airways (Currently code-sharing with Malaysia Airlines, expressed interest to return)
*Austrian Airlines (Suspended in March 2007)
*Balkan Bulgarian Airlines (Defunct)
*British Airways (Planning to reinstate to the LHR-KUL route)
*CSA Czech Airlines
*First Cambodia Airlines (Operations ceased)
*Fly Yeti (Defunct)
*Jatayu Airlines
*Jugoslovenski Aero Transport (JAT) (now known as Jat Airways, Terminated due to UN sanctions on Yugoslavia)
*Jetstar (Terminated due to aircraft unavailability)
*Kyrgyzstan Airlines (Defunct)
*Lauda Air (relaunched as Austrian Airlines- suspended in March 2007)
*LOT Polish Airlines
*Middle East Airlines
*Northwest Airlines
*Philippine Airlines (Codesharing with Malaysia Airlines)
*Royal Jordanian
*SABENA (Defunct)
*Star Air
*Thai Sky Airlines (Operations ceased)
*Turkish Airlines
*UTA French Airlines (Defunct)

Accidents and incidents

*In 2001, a Saudi Arabian Airlines Boeing 747 aircraft suffered nose damage as it entered a monsoon drainage ditch while it was being taxied from the hangar to the gate before a return flight to Saudi Arabia. None of the six crew members on board at the time were injured.

*March 19, 2007 - An Airbus A320 operated by AirAsia crash landed while attemping to land. It lands like gliding but without landing gears.

*July 14,2007 - An aerobridge suddenly shifted downwards, damaging the door of a Malaysia Airlines Airbus A330 bound for Beijing. The aerobridge was not occupied at the time, and no passengers or crew were injured. [ [http://prwire.bernama.com/viewprarticle.phtml?aid=8916 Aerobridge at KLIA Breakdown] ]

*October 15, 2007 - A Palestinian national managed to hide in the landing nose gear of flight SQ119, flight from KLIA to Changi Airport, Singapore. He was discovered in Singapore as he fell 2.4 meters from nose wheel after the plane landed. Despite the cold thin air during flight, the man survived the trip but was apprehended in Singapore. KLIA authorities has yet to find the cause of the security breach. [ [http://www.nst.com.my/Current_News/NST/Monday/Frontpage/2059785/Article/index_html Red faces over phantom stowaway] ]

*April 9, 2008 - Armed robbers shot six people in a three minute heist and walked away with RM 3.5 million in cash. The incident happened at 7.30 pm at Door 8 while two moneychangers and two security guards were walking towards the gate and were ambushed by six men from a BMW vehicle. Victims were seriously injured but in stable condition. [cite news| title=Robbers shoot six at KLIA, flee with RM3.5m| publisher=The Star| accessdate=2008-04-10| url=http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2008/4/10/nation/20907995&sec=nation

See also

*Megaproject

References

Gallery

External links

* [http://www.klia.com.my/ Kuala Lumpur International Airport Official Website]
* [http://flight.klia.com.my/ Kuala Lumpur International Airport Real Time Flight Schedule]
* [http://lcct.airasia.com/ KLIA Low Cost Carrier (LCC) Terminal] (by AIR ASIA)
*
* [http://www.skybus.com.my/ SkyBus website]
* [http://www.malaysiaairports.com.my/ Malaysia Airports Holdings Berhad]
*


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