- Portuguese-South Africans
Portuguese-South Africans ( _pt. luso-sul-africanos) are
South Africans of Portuguese ancestry.
The Portuguese explored the coasts of South Africa in the late
15th century, and nominally claimed them as their own with the laying of "padrões" (large stone cross inscribed with the coat of arms of Portugalplaced there as part of a land claim). Bartolomeu Diasdid so in 1486, and Vasco da Gamarecorded a sighting of the Cape of Good Hopein 1497, en route to India.
The early 20th century witnessed a trickle of emigrants from
Madeirawhose numbers greatly increased in the decades following World War II. Madeiran immigrants, who are traditionally associated with horticulture and small commerce, form the largest group within South Africa's Portuguese community.
The largest single event of Portuguese settlement occurred when two of the former Portuguese colonies (
Angolaand Mozambique) became independent in 1975. While most Portuguese from the two Portuguese-speaking African countrieswent to Portugal, some entered South Africa. Their entrance made South Africa the home of the largest Portuguese African population, numbering about 1 million.Fact|date=July 2008
Portuguese-South Africans natively speak
European Portuguese(many in the Madeiran dialect), while also adopting South African English, which tends to become the first language of second- and third-generation Portuguese-South Africans. Some others also speak Afrikaans.
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