1883 in the United Kingdom


1883 in the United Kingdom

Events from the year 1883 in the United Kingdom.

Incumbents

*Monarch - Victoria of the United Kingdom
*Prime Minister - William Gladstone, Liberal

Events

* 16 June - Victoria Hall disaster: A rush for treats results in 183 children being asphyxiated in a concert hall in Sunderland. [cite web|title=The Victoria Hall Disaster of 1883|work=BBC |url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A882173|BBC h2g2|date=2002-12-17 |accessdate=2007-05-26]
* 3 July - The "SS Daphne" disaster in Glasgow leaves 124 dead. [ [http://www.clydesite.co.uk/clydebuilt/viewship.asp?id=3340 Clydebuilt Ships Database] ]
* 4 August - First electric railway introduced, at Brighton.cite book |last=Palmer |first=Alan & Veronica |year=1992 |title= The Chronology of British History|publisher= Century Ltd|location=London|pages= 307-308|isbn= 0-7126-5616-2]
* 4 October - The Boys' Brigade is founded in Glasgow. It is the first Uniformed Youth Organisation in existence. [ [http://www.boys-brigade.org.uk/aboutus/history.htm The Boys' Brigade UK website] ]
* 24 October - Cardiff University opens under the name of University College of South Wales and Monmouthshire. [ [http://www.cardiff.ac.uk/about/milestones/index.html Cardiff University website] ]
* 30 October - Two Clan na Gael dynamite bombs explode in the London Underground, injuring several people. Next day Home Secretary William Vernon Harcourt drafts 300 policemen to guard the underground and introduces the Explosives Bill.
* 3 November5 November - Mahdist War: Anglo-Egyptian forces defeated at the Battle of El Obeid in Sudan.cite book|last=Williams|first=Hywel|title=Cassell's Chronology of World History|publisher=Weidenfeld & Nicolson|year=2005|isbn=0-304-35730-8|pages=436–437]

Undated

* Edward White Benson enthroned as Archbishop of Canterbury.
* Royal College of Music founded.

Publications

* Robert Louis Stevenson's novel "Treasure Island".

Births

* 3 January - Clement Attlee, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (died 1967)
* 17 January - Compton Mackenzie, novelist and Scottish nationalist (died 1972)
* 20 January - Bertram Ramsay, admiral (died 1945)
* 15 February - Sax Rohmer, author (died 1959)
* 16 February - Elizabeth Craig, writer (died 1980)
* 25 February - Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone (died 1981)
* 19 March - Walter Haworth, chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (died 1950)
* 5 June - John Maynard Keynes, economist (died 1946)
* 23 August - Jesse Pennington, footballer (died 1970)
* 8 November - Arnold Bax, composer (died 1953)

Deaths

* 9 March - Arnold Toynbee, economic historian (born 1852)
* 20 May - William Chambers of Glenormiston, publisher and politician (born 1800)
* 26 December - Thomas Holloway, philanthropist (born 1800)

References

ee also


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