- Causey Mounth
The Causey Mounth is an ancient
drovers' roadover the coastal fringe of the Grampian Mountainsin Aberdeenshire, Scotland. This route was developed as the main highway between Stonehavenand Aberdeenaround the 12th century ADand it continued to function as the principal route connecting these two cities until the mid 20th century, when modern highway construction of the A90 roadoccurred in this area. There are extant paved and usable sections of this road over part of the alignment; however, many parts of the ancient route are no more than footpaths, and in some cases the road has vanished into agriculturalfields. Constructed in the Middle Ages, the Causey Mounth was created as an elevated rock causewayto span many of the boggy areas such as the Portlethen Moss. A considerable portion of the alignment of the Causey Mounth is illustrated on the UK Ordnance Survey Map. [United Kingdom Ordnance Survey Map Landranger 45, Stonehaven and Banchory, 1:50,000 scale, 2004] although a large fraction of the route cannot be navigated by a conventional passenger vehicle (particularly at the crossing of the Burn of Pheppie).
A number of
prehistoric megalithicmonuments lie along the Causey Mounth such as the Old Bourtreebush stone circle.As late as the Early Middle Ages, the Mounth, or easternmost range of the Grampian Mountains, posed a formidable terrestrial barrier isolating the northeast of Scotland from the Scottish Lowlands. This mountainous barrier, combined with the local bogs, may have been a factor in re-routing the Romans' coastal march northward, since the farthest known major coastal Roman encampment ( Raedykes) in the east of Scotland, lies literally at the southern latitudeof the Causey Mounth. By the twelfth century AD construction of the Causey Mounth had begun to connect these two regions of Highlands and Lowlands.The Causey Mounth was traversed by William Keith, 7th Earl Marischaland the Marquess of Montrosewhen they commanded a Covenanterarmy of 9000 men in the first battle of the Civil War in 1639. [ [http://www.megalithic.co.uk/article.php?sid=17932 C.Michael Hogan, "Causey Mounth", Megalithic Portal, ed. by Andy Burnham, Nov. 3, 2007] ]
The route was specifically designed to connect the coastal portion of Stonehaven to a crossing of the
River Deeat the southern edge of Aberdeen. Stonehaven was most noted in the Middle Ages for the fortressof Dunnottar Castle, controlling land and sea movements of militarymight from its rugged promontoryjutting into the North Sea. This fortress along with Cowie Castleat the north of Stonehaven effectively controlled all coastal land and sea movements to the north. Proceeding north from Cowie Castle, the Causey Mounth crosses the Burn of Muchallsat the Bridge of Muchallsand thence proceeds northward past Muchalls Castle. The trackwaypasses the ruinsof the Episcopal Chapels, dating to 1624[ [http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/c/h/r/Stuart-Christie/ Christie Lineage, Skateraw] ] situated on lands of the Muchalls Castle Estate, and thence northerly beside the present day Saint Ternan's Church, which is the successor facility to the ruined chapels. Thence the alignment crosses the Burn of Pheppiein an agricultural area and further crosses a bridge over the Burn of Elsickat Gillybrandssomewhat southeast of Elsick House. After crossing through the boggy Portlethen Moss(which had a much larger historic extent than present), the route passes west of a massive megalithic standing stone.
Burn of Elsick
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Mounth — The Mounth is the range of hills on the southern edge of Strathdee in northeast Scotland. It was usually referred to with the article, i.e. the Mounth . The name is a corruption of the Scottish Gaelic monadh which in turn is akin to the Welsh… … Wikipedia
Cairn O' Mounth — Cairn O Mounth/Cairn O Mount ( gd. Càrn Mhon) is a high mountain pass in Aberdeenshire, Scotland. [Skene, 1867] The place name is a survival of the ancient name for what are now the Grampian Mountains, earlier called the Mounth (in Gaelic: monadh … Wikipedia
Cookney — Church Cookney is a hamlet in Aberdeenshire, Scotland in proximity to Netherley in the Mounth of the Grampian Highlands. The community is situated on a hilltop approximately five miles northwest of Stonehaven and about three miles northwest of … Wikipedia
Cookney Church — Cookney Parish Church, now business premises within a converted listed building, was a Christian place of worship in the village of Cookney, Aberdeenshire, Scotland. Contents … Wikipedia
Burn of Elsick — The Burn of Elsick is a coastal stream in Aberdeenshire, Scotland that discharges to the North Sea. [United Kingdom Ordnance Survey Map Landranger 45, Stonehaven and Banchory, 1:50,000 scale, 2004] This watercourse drains primarily agricultural… … Wikipedia
Downies — is a cliff top village in Aberdeenshire, Scotland situated on Cammachmore Bay. Historically Downies was a fishing village, until much of the local North Sea fishery collapsed from overfishing; presently Downies is chiefly a residential… … Wikipedia
Burn of Pheppie — The Burn of Pheppie is an easterly flowing coastal stream in Aberdeenshire, Scotland that discharges to the North Sea immediately north of the village of Muchalls. [United Kingdom Ordnance Survey Map Landranger 45, Stonehaven and Banchory,… … Wikipedia
Portlethen Moss — [ thumb|260px|Portlethen Moss bracken area. Photo credit: Neil Gibson] The Portlethen Moss coord|57|3|27.04|N|2|8|50.68|W|region:GB|display=title is an acidic bog nature reserve in the coastal Grampian region in Aberdeenshire, Scotland. Like… … Wikipedia
Cowie Castle — is a ruined fortress in Aberdeenshire, Scotland. The site lies at the northern end of Stonehaven near the North Sea coast. To the immediate south is the Cowie Bridge crossing of the Cowie Water. Evidence of prehistoric man exists in the… … Wikipedia
Gillybrands — is an historic coaching inn and present day farm steading near Cammachmore, Scotland. [United Kingdom Ordnance Survey Map, Landranger 45, Stonehaven Banchory, 1:50,000 Scale, 2004] It was operating as a coaching inn along the ancient Causey… … Wikipedia