Sacristan


Sacristan

A sacristan is an officer who is charged with the care of the sacristy, the church, and their contents.

In ancient times many duties of the sacristan were performed by the doorkeepers (ostiarii), later by the mansionarii and the treasurers. The Decretals of Gregory IX [lib. I, tit. xxvi, "De officio sacristæ"] speak of the sacristan as if he had an honourable office attached to a certain benefice, and say that his duty was to care for the sacred vessels, vestments, lights, etc. Nowadays the sacristan is elected or appointed. The "Cæremoniale episcoporum" prescribed that in cathedral and collegiate churches the sacristan should be a priest, and describes his duties in regard to the sacristy, the Blessed Eucharist, the baptismal font, the holy oils, the sacred relics, the decoration of the church for the different seasons and feasts, the preparation of what is necessary for the various ceremonies, the pregustation in pontifical Mass, the ringing of the church bells, the preservation of order in the church, and the distribution of Masses; and finally it suggests that one or two canons be appointed each year to supervise the work of the sacristan and his assistants.

Custos

The under-sacristan (custos) is also mentioned in the Decretals. [lib. I, tit. xxvii, "De officio custodis"] He was the assistant of the sacristan, was subject to the archdeacon, and discharged duties very similar to those of the sacristan. By the early twentieth century the office was hardly ever attached to a benefice and so usually a salaried position. The Council of Trent desired that, according to the old canons, clerics should hold such offices; but in most churches, on account of the difficulty or impossibility of obtaining clerics, laymen perform many of the duties of the sacristan and under-sacristan.

Altar Societies

Altar societies used to be commonly organised within with most Catholic parish churches. The duties of members vary according to circumstances, in some instances including those which ordinarily fall within the sacristan's province, such as the vestments and altar vessels, making ready for the priest's Mass, and so on, but as a general thing they consist of the payment of yearly dues into a fund for the maintenance and repair of the accessories used in the ceremonies of the Church and usually also of a certain amount of labor for this purpose. Altar societies differ from tabernacle societies in that their work is for the benefit of the church to which they are attached.

References


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  • Sacristan — • An officer who is charged with the care of the sacristy, the church, and their contents. In ancient times many duties of the sacristan were performed by the doorkeepers (ostiarii), later by the mansionarii and the treasurers Catholic… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Sacristán — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Sacristán (desambiguación). Un sacristán es la persona (laica o religiosa) que asiste al sacerdote en las labores de cuidado y limpieza de la iglesia, la sacristía y de los… …   Wikipedia Español

  • sacristan — SACRISTÁN, sacristani, s.m. Persoană care are în grija sa sacristia unei biserici. – Din fr. sacristain. Trimis de LauraGellner, 17.07.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  sacristán s. m. (sil. cris ), pl. sacristáni Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa:… …   Dicționar Român

  • sacristán — (Del b. lat. *sacristanus, sacrista). 1. m. Hombre que en las iglesias tiene a su cargo ayudar al sacerdote en el servicio del altar y cuidar de los ornamentos y de la limpieza y aseo de la iglesia y sacristía. 2. Dignidad eclesiástica a cuyo… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • sacristán — sacristán, tana sustantivo masculino 1. Área: religión Ayudante del sacerdote católico en el servicio de la misa, que, además, se encarga del cuidado de la iglesia: A las ocho encontrarás al sacristán haciendo los preparativos para la misa.… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Sacristan — Sac ris*tan, n. [F. sacristain, LL. sacrista, fr. L. sacer. See {Sacred}, and cf. {Sexton}.] An officer of the church who has the care of the utensils or movables, and of the church in general; a sexton. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sacristan — officer charged with looking after the buildings and property of a church or religious house, early 14c. (late 12c. as a surname), from M.L. sacristanus, from L. sacrista, from sacer (gen. sacri) sacred (see SACRED (Cf. sacred)). Cf. SEXTON (Cf.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • sacristan — ► NOUN ▪ a person in charge of a sacristy …   English terms dictionary

  • sacristan — [sak′ris tən] n. [ME sacristane < ML(Ec) sacristanus < sacrista: see SACRISTY] a person in charge of a sacristy …   English World dictionary

  • sacristán — (Del bajo lat. sacristanis.) ► sustantivo masculino 1 RELIGIÓN Persona encargada de ayudar al sacerdote en el servicio del altar y cuidar de los ornamentos y aseo de la iglesia y sacristía. 2 RELIGIÓN Dignidad eclesiástica que se encarga de la… …   Enciclopedia Universal


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