Landgravine Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt


Landgravine Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
Electress Palatine
Elisabeth Amalie, probably with her eldest daughter Eleonore, around 1655
Spouse Philip William, Elector Palatine
Issue
Eleonor Magdalene, Holy Roman Empress
John William, Elector Palatine
Charles III Philip, Elector Palatine
Alexander Sigismund, Bishop of Augsburg
Francis Louis, Archbishop of Trier
Maria Sophia, Queen of Portugal
Maria Anna, Queen of Spain
Philip William August of Neuburg
Dorothea Sophie, Duchess of Parma
Hedwig Elisabeth, Princess Sobieski
Full name
German: Elisabeth Amalie Magdalene van Hessen-Darmstadt
English: Elisabeth Amalie Magdalene of Hesse-Darmstadt
Father George II, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Mother Sophia Eleonore of Saxony
Born 20 March 1635(1635-03-20)
New Palace, Gießen, Germany
Died 4 August 1709(1709-08-04) (aged 74)
Neuburg Palace, Neuburg, Germany
Burial Neuburg an der Donau, Germany
Religion Lutheranism then Roman Catholicism

Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt (Elisabeth Amalie Magdalene; 20 March 1635 – 4 August 1709) was a princess of Hesse-Darmstadt and wife of the Prince-elector of the Palatinate.

Contents

Biography

Born at the New Palace in Gießen, she was a daughter of George II, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt and Sophia Eleonore of Saxony. Her siblings included Louis of Hesse-Darmstadt, future Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt and Anna Sophia, Abbess of Quedlinburg.

Elisabeth Amalie was brought up strictly by her mother who was a Lutheran. She had an attractive appearance with striking blond hair, a trait she kept until her old age and which was inherited by her daughters Eleonor Magdalene and Dorothea Sophie, the latter being known in particular for her blonde hair.

On 3 September 1653 she was married at Langenschwalbach to Count palatine Philip William of Neuburg, who later became Prince-elector of the Palatinate. Her husband was some twenty years older than she and was the heir to the Electoral Palatinate which was a one of the most important states within the Holy Roman Empire.

She converted to Catholicism on 1 November 1653 in the presence of the elector and archbishop of Cologne, Maximilian Henry of Bavaria.

The 37-year long marriage was regarded as extremely happy and over its course, produced 17 children, many of which have descendants today. In the early years of their marriage, the couple lived in Düsseldorf, where they founded churches and monasteries. Later they moved to Neuburg, where she died after outliving her husband by almost 20 years.

The writer William Nakatenus dedicated his work The Heavenly Palm little garden to her.

Issue

Ancestry

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 20 March 1635 – 3 September 1653 Her Serene Highness Landgravine Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
  • 3 September 1653 – 26 May 1685 Her Serene Highness the Electoral Princess of the Palatinate
  • 26 May 1685 – 2 September 1690 Her Serene Highness the Electress Palatine
  • 2 September 1690 – 4 August 1709 Her Serene Highness the Dowager Electress Palatine

Succession

Preceded by
Wilhelmina Ernestine of Denmark
Electress Palatine
1685–1690
Succeeded by
Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici

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