Folsom, California


Folsom, California

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Folsom, California
settlement_type = City


imagesize =
image_caption =
image_



imagesize =
image_caption =
image_




mapsize = 250x200px
map_caption = Location in Sacramento County and the state of California


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_name1 = California
subdivision_name2 = Sacramento
government_type =
leader_title =
leader_name =
established_date =
area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 62.6
area_total_sq_mi = 24.1
area_land_km2 = 56.3
area_land_sq_mi = 21.7
area_water_km2 = 6.3
area_water_sq_mi = 2.4
elevation_ft = 220
elevation_m = 67
population_as_of = 2000
population_footnotes =
population_total = 51884
population_metro =
population_density_km2 = 828.8
population_density_sq_mi = 2152.9
timezone = PST
utc_offset = -8
latd = 38 |latm = 40 |lats = 20 |latNS = N
longd = 121 |longm = 9 |longs = 28 |longEW = W
timezone_DST = PDT
utc_offset_DST = -7
postal_code_type = ZIP codes
postal_code = 95630, 95671
area_code = 916
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 06-24638
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0277516
footnotes =
website = [http://ci.folsom.ca.us/] City of Folsom Website

Folsom is a city in Sacramento County, California, United States. Folsom is most commonly known by its famous Folsom Prison. As of 2007, the State of California's estimate of Folsom's population is 70,835. [ [http://www.dof.ca.gov/HTML/demograp/ReportsPapers/Estimates/E1/E-1text.asp California Department of Finance - E-1 City / County Population with Annual percent Change] ]

Folsom is a suburb of Sacramento and is part of the Sacramento–Arden-Arcade–Roseville Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Folsom started as a small town called Granite City, mostly occupied by gold miners seeking fortune in the Sierra Nevada foothills. Though few amassed a great deal of wealth, the city prospered due to the Joseph Folsom's lobbying to get a railway to connect the town with Sacramento. Joseph died in 1855, and the town was later renamed to Folsom in his honor. The railway was abandoned in the 1950sVerify source|date=July 2007 but later opened up as the terminus of the Gold Line of Sacramento Regional Transit District's light rail service. A few former gold-rush era towns are located within city limits of Folsom, including Prairie City, California, Salmon Falls, and Mormon Island (though these towns no longer exist).

Folsom Prison was established in 1880, when the Livermore family made an agreement with the state to donate land for the prison in exchange for prison labor. Their plan was to build a hydro-electric dam from the American River for a sawmill. Though the sawmill did not work out, the Livermores soon realized that the natural force of running water could provide enough power to transmit to Sacramento, and the Folsom Powerhouse, now a National Historic Landmark, was opened. At the time it was opened, it had the longest overhead run of electricity (22 miles) in the country. The powerhouse operated until 1952.

Folsom Dam was built in 1956, providing much-needed flood control and water rights for the Sacramento Valley. The creation of this dam also created one of the most popular lakes in Northern California, Folsom Lake. The dam is located on the southwest corner of the lake. The lake is an estimated 7.75 kilometer from Granite Bay to the most southern point of Folsom Lake.

Today, Folsom is most known as being a popular upper middle-class suburb, with abundant parks, good schools, and a strong community. Folsom is home to Folsom Lake College, Folsom Dam, Folsom Lake, and a charming historic district. Folsom is also home to the largest private employer in the Sacramento area, Intel. The population was 51,884 at the 2000 census.

Geography

Folsom is located at coor dms|38|40|20|N|121|9|28|W|city (38.672127, -121.157838)GR|1.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 24.2 square miles (62.6 km²), of which, 21.7 square miles (56.3 km²) of it is land and 2.4 square miles (6.3 km²) of it (10.09%) is water, primarily accounted for by Folsom Lake.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 51,884 people, 17,196 households, and 12,518 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,386.7 people per square mile (921.5/km²). There were 17,968 housing units at an average density of 826.5/sq mi (319.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 77.89% Caucasian, 5.99% African American, 0.58% Native American, 7.19% Asian, 0.19% Pacific Islander, 4.71% from other races, and 3.43% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.47% of the population.

There were 17,196 households out of which 39.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.7% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.2% were non-families. 21.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.2% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 39.0% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 8.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 123.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 131.0 males.

According to a 2006 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $90,435, and the median income for a family was $102,562. [http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ACSSAFFFacts?_event=Search&geo_id=16000US0613214&_geoContext=01000US%7C04000US06%7C16000US0613214&_street=&_county=folsom&_cityTown=folsom&_state=04000US06&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=geoSelect&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=160&_submenuId=factsheet_1&ds_name=ACS_2006_SAFF&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null&reg=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry=] Males had a median income of $60,616 versus $42,434 for females. The per capita income for the city was $30,210. About 2.6% of families and 7.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.1% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

In the state legislature Folsom is located in the 1st Senate District, represented by Republican Dave Cox, , and in the 5th Assembly District, represented by Republican Roger Niello. Federally, Folsom is located in California's 3rd congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +7 [cite web | title = Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest? | publisher = Campaign Legal Center Blog | url=http://www.clcblog.org/blog_item-85.html | accessdate = 2008-02-10] and is represented by Republican Dan Lungren.

Bridges

Folsom is home to several notable bridges - [http://www.myfolsom.com/lakenatomacrossing.shtml Lake Natoma Crossing] , [http://www.myfolsom.com/rainbowbridge.shtml Rainbow Bridge] , and a [http://www.myfolsom.com/trussbridge.shtml historic truss bridge] . Recently, however, construction began on a new bridge as a former crossing along Folsom Dam was closed due to national security concerns. This new bridge has already made headlines due to its unusual name. Many Folsom residents were hoping the bridge would be named in honor of Johnny Cash. The city council instead chose to name the bridge Folsom Lake Crossing, despite the bridge not actually crossing Folsom Lake. [ [http://www.sacbee.com/folsom/story/1054080.html Folsom - Rancho Cordova News - Bob Walter: Bridge not far enough for name - sacbee.com ] ]

Notable residents

*Jerry Horton, guitarist for Papa Roach
*Peter Camejo, former vice presidential candidate and Green Party activist
*Phil Cowan, radio personality from "Paul & Phil"
*Cristina Mendonsa, News10 Anchor KXTV in Sacramento
*Dmitry Tursunov, Tennis Player. Representing Russia in 2008 Olympics

Sister cities

*Jiaohe City, Jilin Province, PR China
*Crespano del Grappa, Italy

Arts

* Home to the Folsom Lake Civic Ballet
* Home to Hawkins School of Performing Arts, the official school of the Folsom Lake Civic Ballet
* Home to [http://www.folsomsymphony.com/ Folsom Lake Symphony Orchestra]
* Home of the Award-winning Folsom High School music program [http://www.folsommusic.org]

ee also

* Folsom State Prison
* Folsom Public Library
* Joseph Libbey Folsom

External links

* [http://www.folsom.ca.us/ City of Folsom Homepage]


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