- James Redhouse
Sir James W. Redhouse KCMG (30 December 1811- 4 January 1892) authored the original and authoritative Ottoman - English dictionary. He was commissioned by the
American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missionsfor his dictionary. His work was later used as the basis for many Turkish - English dictionaries.
Redhouse was born near London, the eldest son of James Redhouse and his wife Elizabeth Saunders. He was orphaned and educated at
Christ's Hospitalfrom 1819 to 1826. In 1826 he toured the Mediterranean, Smyrna and Constantinople. He was offered a post by the Turkish government as a draftsman, and as a result learnt Turkish. In 1830 he visited Russia and returned to England in 1834 to pubish a Turkish-English dictionary.
In 1838 Redhouse returned to work for the Turkish government as an interpreter to the
Grand Vizierand the Minister for Foreign Affairs. He transferred to the Turkish Admiralty in 1840, became a member of the Naval Council, and went to Syria to help commiunications between the English Austrian and Turkish fleets which were running a blockade.He recieved the Sultan's Imperial Order Nishani-Ifitkhar in 1841. In 1843 he was appointed secretary and interpreter to the British Commissioner William Fenwick Williams, who was arranging a peace treaty between Turkey and Persia. Redhouse was also involved in peace negotiations at Erzerum in 1847 and was awarded the Persian Order of the Lion and the Sun. He returned to Constantinople until 1853. He was appointed oriental translator to the Foreign Officein 1854 and went to Paris to help negotiate a treaty with Persia. [ [http://books.google.com/books?id=5IM0yQMSCDsC&pg=PA381&lpg=PA381&dq=%22Patrick+Colquhoun%22+Redhouse&source=web&ots=R4g7R4jGsw&sig=i7S22zbevwawvcT5aB2k4U8EfmY&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=1&ct=result Dictionary of National Biography Sir James Redhouse] ]
Redhouse retired from the Foreign Office to concentrate on literary work. He joined the
Royal Asiatic Societyin 1854 and was its secretary from 1861 to 1864. He lived at Kilburn where he compile a dictionary of Arabic, Persian and Turkish languages. In 1884 he was given an hororary doctorate at Cambridge University. He was made G.M.G in 1885 and knighted in 1888.
Redhouse married firstly Jane Carruthers Slade, daughter of Thomas Slade of Liverpool, who died in 1887. He married again in 1888 to Eliza Colquhoun, daughter of Sir Patrick Colquhoun.
* Grammaire raisonné de la langue Ottomane (1846)
* Vade mecum of the Ottoman colloquial language (1855)
* Turkish vade mecum (1877)
* A simplified grammar of the Ottoman-Turkish (1884)
* Müntehabatı lügatı Osmaniye (1838)
* A dictionary of Arabic and Persian words used in Turkish (1853)
* A Turkish and English lexicon shewing the English significations of the Turkish terms (1890)
* Kitabı maanii lehçe li James Redhouse el İngilizi (1890)
* The Mesnevi (1881)
* A Vindication of the Ottoman Sultans title of caliph (1877)
* On the history, system and varieties of Turkish poetry (1879)
* [http://www.learningpracticalturkish.com/redhouse-dictionary-history.html Sir James Redhouse --the Turkish Dictionary Man]
* [http://www.redhousepublications.com/redhouse.pdf History of Redhouse Press]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
James Redhouse — James W. Redhouse (30 décembre 1811 4 janvier 1892) est un linguiste anglais spécialiste du turc ottoman. Il a écrit un dictionnaire qui a fait autorité. Il a été mandaté par la American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions pour le… … Wikipédia en Français
Redhouse — This interesting and attractive surname is of early medieval English origin, and is either a topographical name from residence in a prominent house built of red brick, or a locational name from any of the various places throughout England thus… … Surnames reference
Patrick Colquhoun (lawyer) — Sir Patrick (Macchombaich de) Colquhoun QC (13 April 1815 1891 ) was British diplomat, legal writer and sculler who was considered the father of Cambridge rowing.Colquhoun was the son of Thomas Colquhoun and his wife Katherine and was baptised at … Wikipedia
Andreas Tietze — was a world renowned Austrian Turcologist and one of the founders of Turkic studies in the United States. He was educated in Vienna and built his career in, respectively, İstanbul University, Turkey, where he had taken refuge from the Hitler… … Wikipedia
Timeline of the name Palestine — This article presents a list of notable historical references to the name Palestine, and cognates such as Filastin and Palaestina, through the various time periods of the region. The term Peleset (transliterated from hieroglyphs as P r s t) is… … Wikipedia
Encümen-i Daniş — (türkisch انجمنِ دانش, İA Encümen i Dâniş, dt. „Gesellschaft der Gelehrten“) war eine osmanische Gelehrtengesellschaft. Sie wurde im Jahr 1851 in Istanbul gegründet und war die erste moderne Akademie der Wissenschaften des Nahen… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Masnavi-I Ma'navi — Spécimen calligraphique du masnavi de 1490 au Mevlâna mausoleum à Konya en Turquie Le Masnavi I Ma navi, transcrit aussi Masnawī, Mathnawi ou Mesnevi, (en perse: مثنوی معنوی, en turc: Mesnevi) est un ouvrage du XIII … Wikipédia en Français
List of Heroes characters — From left to right: Micah, Niki, Nathan, Peter, Noah, Claire, Hiro, Mohinder, Matt, Sylar This is a list of fictional characters in the television series Heroes … Wikipedia
Anexo:Personajes de Héroes — Parte del reparto de Héroes en la Comic Con 2008. Ésta es una lista de los personajes de la serie de televisión estadounidense de ciencia ficción Héroes, de la cadena NBC, que incluye tanto a los personajes principales como a los secundarios.… … Wikipedia Español
Ottoman Turkish language — Ottoman Turkish لسان عثمانى lisân ı Osmânî Spoken in Ottoman Empire … Wikipedia