Trinidad, Colorado


Trinidad, Colorado

Infobox Settlement
official_name = City of Trinidad, Colorado
other_name =
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settlement_type = City
motto =


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mapsize = 250x200px
map_caption = Location in Las Animas County and the State of Colorado


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subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = USA
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = flag|Colorado|name=State of Colorado
subdivision_type2 = Countycite web | url = http://www.dola.state.co.us/dlg/local_governments/municipalities.html | title = Active Colorado Municipalities | format = HTML | publisher = State of Colorado, Department of Local Affairs | accessdate = 2007-09-01]
subdivision_name2 = Las Animas County - seatcite web|url=http://www.cdphe.state.co.us/hs/cntyseat.html|title=Colorado County Seats|format=HTML|publisher=State of Colorado, Department of Public Health and Environment|accessdate=2007-12-31]
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government_type = Home Rule Municipality
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established_title =
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established_title3 = Incorporated
established_date3 = December 30, 1879cite web | url = http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/muninc.html | title = Colorado Municipal Incorporations | format = HTML | publisher = State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives | date = 2004-12-01 | accessdate = 2007-09-02]
area_magnitude =
unit_pref = Imperial
area_footnotes =
area_total_km2 = 16.3
area_land_km2 = 16.3
area_water_km2 = 0
area_total_sq_mi = 6.3
area_land_sq_mi = 6.3
area_water_sq_mi = 0
area_water_percent =
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population_as_of = 2000
population_footnotes =
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population_total = 9078
population_density_km2 = 556.9
population_density_sq_mi = 1441
population_metro =
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timezone = Mountain (MST)
utc_offset = -7
timezone_DST = MDT
utc_offset_DST = -6
latd = 37 |latm = 10 |lats = 15 |latNS = N
longd = 104 |longm = 30 |longs = 23 |longEW = W
elevation_footnotes = GR|3
elevation_m = 1832
elevation_ft = 6010
postal_code_type = ZIP codecite web|url = http://zip4.usps.com/zip4/citytown.jsp | title = ZIP Code Lookup| format = JavaScript/HTML | publisher = United States Postal Service | accessdate=2008-01-07]
postal_code = 81082
area_code = 719
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 08-78610
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = [http://geonames.usgs.gov/pls/gnispublic/f?p=gnispq:3:::NO::P3_FID:0204811 0204811]
website = [http://www.historictrinidad.com/city/government.html City of Trinidad]
footnotes =

The historic City of Trinidad is a Home Rule Municipality that is the county seat and the most populous city of Las Animas County, Colorado, United States.GR|6 The United States Census Bureau estimates that the city population was 9,077 in 2005.cite web | date = June 21 2006 | url = http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/tables/SUB-EST2005-04-08.csv | title = Annual Estimates of the Population for All Incorporated Places in Colorado | format = CSV | work = 2005 Population Estimates | publisher = U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division | accessmonthday = November 17 | accessyear = 2006]

Geography

Trinidad is located at coor dms|37|10|15|N|104|30|23|W|city (37.170944, -104.506447)GR|1.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.3 square miles (16.3 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 9,078 people, 3,701 households, and 2,335 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,439.4 people per square mile (555.5/km²). There were 4,126 housing units at an average density of 654.2/sq mi (252.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 79.97% White, 0.54% African American, 3.02% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 12.12% from other races, and 3.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 48.07% of the population.

There were 3,701 households out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.6% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.9% were non-families. 32.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 18.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 92.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,681, and the median income for a family was $33,992. Males had a median income of $27,817 versus $19,064 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,271. About 16.2% of families and 18.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.6% of those under age 18 and 20.0% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

For many years Trinidad housed the miners who worked in the coal mines of the Raton Basin south and west of the town. The coal mines are now closed, but since the 1980s companies have been drilling new gas wells to extract coalbed methane from the remaining coal seams.

Trinidad's location at the foot of Raton Pass, along the Santa Fe Trail between St. Joseph, Missouri and Santa Fe, New Mexico has always made it a favored route for travellers, first by foot, then horse and ox-drawn wagon, then by railroad. Today Interstate 25, the most highly-travelled route between Colorado and New Mexico, passes through Trinidad.

"Sex Change Capital of the World"

Trinidad has been dubbed the "Sex Change Capital of the World", because a local doctor had an international reputation for performing sex reassignment surgery. In the 1960s, Dr. Stanley Biber, a veteran surgeon returning from Korea, decided to move to Trinidad because he had heard that the town needed a surgeon. In 1969 a local social worker asked him if he would perform the surgery for her, which he learned by consulting diagrams and a New York surgeon. Biber attained a reputation as a good surgeon at a time when very few doctors performed the operations. At his peak, Biber was performing roughly four sex change operations a day, and the term "taking a trip to Trinidad" became a euphemism for some seeking the procedures he offered. His surgical practice was taken over in 2003 by Marci Bowers.

Trinidad's reputation as the sex change capital has been uncomfortable for some residents, as it is otherwise a socially conservative small town. However, the revenue brought in by Biber was important to keeping the local hospital running, and Biber was himself a respected community leader.Fact|date=February 2007 Biber was also featured in an episode of South Park where elementary school teacher Mr. Garrison undergoes a sex change operation.

Points of interest

*Baca House and Outbuilding
*Frank G. Bloom House

Famous residents

*Bat Masterson, famed Old West gunman, was the town Marshal of Trinidad for over a year, during the mid-1880s.Fact|date=February 2007 His lesser-known gunman brother Jim Masterson, was town Marshal for a time during the 1880s.
* Rock musician Ronnie Lane lived in Trinidad during the final years of his life.
* Dancer Cissy King of television's "The Lawrence Welk Show" was born in Trinidad and lived there until the age of three.
*John Gagliardi, a native, started his long football coaching career while still attending high school in Trinidad and playing on the squad.

Trinidad in Popular Culture

* In the "Prison Break" episode Rendezvous, Lincoln Burrows and LJ Burrows are taken to a safe house in Trinidad by Jane, an ex-company agent, and eventually meet with Lincoln's father, Aldo Burrows.

Transportation

By Road

*
*

By Rail

*Trinidad (Amtrak station)

By Air

*Perry Stokes Airport

References

External links

* [http://www.historictrinidad.com/city/government.html City of Trinidad website]
** [http://www.dot.state.co.us/App_DTD_DataAccess/Downloads/CityMaps/Trinidad.pdf CDOT map of the City of Trinidad]
* [http://www.ranchviews.com Trinidad Land Realty]
* [http://www.smalltownpapers.com/listTRI.htm The Trinidad Times Independent - Local newspaper]
* [http://www.stpns.net/title.html?publicationId=759242974 The Trinidad Times Independent - Current articles]


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