- William Rainey Harper
William Rainey Harper (July 26, 1856 – January 10, 1906) was one of America's leading academics of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Harper helped to organize the University of Chicago and Bradley University and served as the first President of both institutions.
Harper was born on July 26, 1856 in New Concord, Ohio1, Harper's parents were of Irish-Scottish ancestry. Very early in life, Harper displayed skills years ahead of other children his age and was labeled a prodigy. By the age of eight, Harper began preparing for college level courses; at the age of ten he enrolled in Muskingum College in his native New Concord, Ohio; and at the age of fourteen he graduated from Muskingum. In 1872, Harper enrolled in Yale University to begin his post graduate studies, which he completed in 1876. Throughout his academic life, Harper wrote numerous texts. A strong supporter of lifelong learning, Harper was also involved with the Chautauqua Institution in Chautauqua, NY, and its programming.
As University of Chicago President
In 1891, John D. Rockefeller selected thirty-five year-old Harper to assist in the organization of the University of Chicago, and shortly thereafter, Harper was named its first President. In staffing the University and selecting students, Harper set the standards very high. Harper elevated the compensation of academic professions above that of school teacher, and by doing so attracted the best and the brightest to the University. Harper had expert knowledge of every department of education as well as business acumen, and he was a very powerful public speaker .
In addition to encouraging the establishment for the first department of Egyptology and Sociology in the United States, Harper ensured the establishment of the University of Chicago Press. Harper also instituted the first Extension Service in America designed to bring classes to those who could not attend regular classes because of work or other conflicts. One of Harper's ideas, that students should be able to study the first two years of college in their own communities to be better prepared for the rigors of college, helped lead to the creation of the community college system in the United States.
Harper married Ella Paul in 1875. They had three sons, Samuel Northrup, Paul and Donald, and a daughter, Davida.
Additionally, in 1896, Harper assisted Lydia Moss Bradley in developing her plans for the Bradley Polytechnic Institute in Peoria, Illinois. Upon the founding of the Institute, now known as Bradley University, Harper served as its first President. Harper College, a two-year college in Palatine, Illinois, is named after him. There is also an elementary school in Cleveland, Ohio named after him. He is also the namesake for a high school and street in Chicago, Illinois.
Harper died on January 10, 1906 of cancer at the age of forty-nine.
- Introductory Hebrew Method and Manual (1886)
- An Inductive Greek Method (1888) (co-written by William E. Waters)
- Elements of Hebrew Syntax By an Inductive Method (1888)
- Eight Books Of Caesar's Gallic War (1891)
- Young Folks Library: Leaders of Men or History Told in Biography (Editor-1891)
- Xenophon's Anabasis Seven Books (1893)
- Religion and the Higher Life (1904)
- The Prophetic Element In The Old Testament: An Aid To Historical Study For Use In Advanced Bible Classes (1905)
- A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on Amos and Hosea (1905)
- ^ a b Bradley University (1907). Bradley Polytechnic Institute: The first decade, 1897-1907. Bradley University. p. 128.
- ^ "The Founding of Bradley". Bradley University. Archived from the original on 2008-02-10. http://web.archive.org/web/20080210021958/http://www.bradley.edu/about/founding.shtml. Retrieved 2008-04-06.
- William Rainey Harper at the Yerkes Observatory web site
- Biography of William Rainey Harper at the William Rainey Harper College web site
- Flyer from the Board of Trustees of the University of Chicago regarding the establishment of the William Rainey Harper Memorial Fund. Chicago, March 1, 1906 from the American Memory collection at the Library of Congress
Academic offices Preceded by
President of the University of Chicago
Harry Pratt Judson
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
William Rainey Harper — (* 26. Juli 1856 in Concord, Ohio; † 10. Januar 1906 in Chicago, Illinois) war ein US amerikanischer Professor für semitische Sprachen und Religion. Er war von 1891 bis 1906 Erster Präsident der University of Chicago … Deutsch Wikipedia
Harper, William Rainey — ▪ American educator born July 24, 1856, New Concord, Ohio, U.S. died Jan. 10, 1906, Chicago U.S. Hebraist, who served as leader of the Chautauqua Institution and first president of the University of Chicago. Harper s interest in… … Universalium
Harper (name) — Harper is a Scottish family name which has also seen popularity as a given name. Harper as a surname*Ben Harper (1969 ), American musician *Bill Harper (1897–1989), Scottish football (soccer) goalkeeper *Billy Harper (1943 ), American jazz… … Wikipedia
William Harper — could refer to: * Bill Harper (1898–1989), Scottish football (soccer) goalkeeper * William Harper (composer) (born 1949), composer * William Harper (South Carolina) (1790–1847), US Senator from South Carolina * William A. Harper (1873–1910), Afro … Wikipedia
Harper College — William Rainey Harper College, or just Harper College, is a two year community college in Palatine, Illinois. The college was established by referendum in 1965, and in 1971, Harper s construction was finished. It is named for Dr. William Rainey… … Wikipedia
Rainey — is a surname and may refer to: * Charles Chuck Walter Rainey (III) * David Puck Rainey * Ford Rainey * Henry T(homas). Rainey * Jo(h)n Douglas Rainey, see It Takes a Thief (2005 TV series) * Joseph Hayne Rainey * Lawrence A. Rainey * Gertrude… … Wikipedia
Harper High School (Chicago, Illinois) — William R. Harper High School, is part of the Chicago Public School system. It serves the south side of Chicago, Illinois in the Englewood community. The school is named for William Rainey Harper. The majority of students are African American.… … Wikipedia
Harper (Familienname) — Harper ist ein Familienname. Bekannte Namensträger Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z … Deutsch Wikipedia
William Butler (1759–1821) — William Butler (* 17. Dezember 1759 im Prince William County, Virginia; † 15. November 1821 bei Mount Willing, South Carolina) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Zwischen 1801 und 1813 vertrat er den Bundesstaat South Carolina im US… … Deutsch Wikipedia
William Porcher Miles — (* 4. Juli 1822 in Charleston, South Carolina; † 11. Mai 1899 in Burnside, Louisiana) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker, der den Bundesstaat South Carolina … Deutsch Wikipedia