Prilep


Prilep

Infobox City
official_name = Прилеп
Prilep
nickname = "the city under Marko's Towers"
website = http://www.Prilep.gov.mk


image_caption = Panorama of Prilep from Marko's Towers


image_





map_caption = Location of the city of Prilep (red) within the Republic of Macedonia
subdivision_name1 = Prilep Municipality
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Marjan Risteski
area_total_sq_mi =
area_total_km2 = 1194.44
population_as_of = 2002
population_total = 66,246
population_metro = 79,834
population_density_km2 = 64.27
population_density_sq_mi =
timezone = CET
utc_offset = +1
timezone_DST =
utc_offset_DST =
latd=41 |latm=52 |lats= |latNS=N |longd=41.35 |longm=21.55 |longs= |longEW=E
elevation_m = +620
elevation_ft =
postal_code_type = Postal codes
postal_code = 7500
area_code = 389 048
blank_name =Patron saints
blank_info =Saint Nicholas
footnotes =

Prilep ( _mk. Прилеп, Audio-IPA|Mk-Prilep.ogg| [ˈprilɛp] ) is a city of 66,246 citizens in the Republic of Macedonia and the fourth largest city in the country. Prilep is known as "the city under Marko's Towers" because of its proximity to the towers of the legendary hero King Marko.

Name

The name of the city in different languages is:
* _ru. Parleap
*Greek: Πρίλαπος, "Prílapos"
*Turkish: "Pirlepe" or "Perlepe"

Geography

Prilep covers 1.675 square kilometers and is located in the northern Pelagonia Plain, in southern Macedonia. Prilep is the seat of a municipality with the same name (Prilep municipality) and is accessed by the M5/E65. It is only 128 km (airline) from the capital Skopje, 44 km from Bitola, and 32 km from Kruševo.

Economy

Prilep is a center for high-quality tobacco and cigarettes and the metal processing, electronic, timber, textiles, and food industries. The city also produces a large quantity of Macedonian Bianco Sivec (pure white marble).

Tobacco is one of Prilep's traditional cash crops and prospers in the Macedonian climate. Many of the world's largest cigarette makers use Prilep's tobacco in their cigarettes after it is processed in local factories. When the Institute of Tobacco was established in Prilep to create new types of tobacco it was the first example of applying genetics to agriculture in the Balkans.

People

The majority of the city is Macedonian; the Macedonian population at the last census was listed at 64,527. There is a Roma minority of 4,421, alongside 315 Serbs and 254 Turks. There are strong ethnic tensions between ethnic Macedonians and Albanians in Prilep, especially since the 2001 Macedonia conflict when ten young soldiers from Prilep were killed in the civil war by Albanian insurgents.

History

Prilep was founded on the ruins of the ancient city of Styberra, first a town in Macedon Fact|date=September 2008 and later incorporated into the Roman Empire. Styberra, though razed by the Goths in 268, remained partly inhabited. The town was first mentioned as Prilep in 1014, as the place where Samuil of Bulgaria allegedly had a heart attack upon seeing thousands of his soldiers had been blinded by the Byzantines after the Battle of Kleidion. It was then retaken by the Second Bulgarian Empire until it was conquered by the Ottomans. Prilep was under Constantinople's control for six centuries; later, it became part of Yugoslavia and then broke away with the Republic of Macedonia in 1992.

Culture of Prilep

*The Institute of Old Slavic Culture is located in Prilep.
*Center of Contemporary Visual Arts - An art colony, hosted in the center of Prilep in the Center of Contemporary Visual Arts. The Colony has been founded in 1957 by the archaeologist Prof. PhD. Boško Babić, but organized by the initiative of Prof. PhD. Boško Babić and the academic painter - Prof. Risto Lozanovski, making it perhaps one of the oldest colonies in Southeastern Europe and the oldest one on the Balkans, for sure. It hosts painters and sculptors (working in marble, metal and wood) every year and, periodically it also hosts workshops and Symposia for vitrage (glass design), mosaics, photography, graphics and clay, from various countries around the world. The collection of sculptures carved in woods, was acknowledged as a cultural heritage by the most relevant criticizers and opinion makers. This is year (2007) it's the 50-th Anniversary of the Colony.
*Every year in October the International Children's Music Festival "Asterisks" brings together children from all over the world.
*Every year the Professional Theater Festival of Macedonia, honoring Vojdan Chernodrinski, who was born in village Selci near Struga and Debar.
*The Monastery of Zrze and the Monastery of the Holy Archangel Michael which has 12th and 14th century frescoes are notable sites of the culture of Prilep.

Language

The dialect of Prilep, in the heart of the Pelagonian plain, forms the basis for the standard Macedonian language spoken today. When the Socialist Republic of Macedonia was created in Yugoslavia in 1943 and the language nationally recognized the following year, Prilep, together with Veles, was chosen as the centre for the language because of their central position on the Macedonian map. This includes the unredeemed areas of Macedonia which were of no major interest to Yugoslavia, but remained an issue for Macedonian nationalists...

Art and Architecture

There are several ancient sites in Prilep including one at Markovi Kuli, St. Nicola’s church from XIII century, St. Uspenie church in Bogorodica, St. Preobrazenie church and the Tomb of the Unconquered, a memorial in honor of the victims of fascism located in Prilep's central park. A large Roman necropolis is known there and parts of numerous walls have been found; the settlement was probably the ancient Ceramiae mentioned in the Peutinger Table. Roman remains can also be found near the Varosh monastery, built on the steep slopes of the hill, which was later inhabited by a medieval community. A large number of early Roman funeral monuments, some with sculpted reliefs of the deceased or of the Thracian Rider and other inscribed monuments of an official nature, are in the courtyard of the church below the southern slope of Varosh. Some of the larger of those monuments were built into the walls of the church.

The most important ancient monument is the old city of Styberra situated on Bedem hill near Cepigovo, in the central region of Pelagonia. As early as the time of the Roman - Macedonian wars, this city was known as a base from which the Macedonian king Perseus of Macedon set out to conquer the Penestian cities. An important site in the area is Bela Crkva, 6 km west of Styberra, where the town of Alkomenai was probably located. It was a stronghold of the Macedonian kings after it was rebuilt in the early Roman period and was at the Pelagonian entrance to a pass leading to Illyria. Part of the city wall, a gate, and a few buildings of the Roman period were uncovered here in excavations. All recent finds from these sites are in the Museum of the City of Prilep.

The Treskavec monastery, built in the 12th century in the mountains about 10 km north of Prilep under Zlatovrv peak, at the edge of a small upland plain 1100 meters above sea level. Prilep has frescoes from the 14th and 15th centuries and is probably the site of the early Roman town of Kolobaise. The name of the early town is recorded on a long inscription on stone which deals with a local cult of Ephesian Artemis. The inscription was reused as a base for a cross on top of one of the church domes. Other inscriptions at Treskavec include several 1st century Roman dedications to Apollo. The old fortress was used by the Romans, and later the Byzantines. During the Middle Ages, King Marko rebuilt the citadel extensively, making it an important military stronghold. After all, even Tsar Samuil came here after the defeat at Belasica in 1014.

Notable People

Twin towns

* Garfield, New Jersey, USA

External links

* [http://www.prilep.gov.mk/?jazik=2&id=01 Official Prilep Government Website]
* [http://www.b-info.com/places/Macedonia/republic/images/citiesPrilep.shtml Prilep Tobacco Website]
* [http://http://tip.edu.mk/default.htm Institute for Tobacco Prilep]
* [http://www.cybermacedonia.com/prilep.html Prilep] on Cyber Macedonia
* [http://www.asterisks.com.mk/ Asterisks website]


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  • Prilep — 1 Original name in latin Prilep Name in other language Perlepe, Perlepes, Perlep Pirlepe, Prilep, Prilepa, Prilepas, pirlepe, Прилеп State code MK Continent/City Europe/Skopje longitude 41.34639 latitude 21.55444 altitude 656 Population 73814… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Prilep — ▪ Macedonia Turkish  Perlepe,         town, Macedonia, south of Skopje on the Titov Veles–Bitola railway line. Prilep was an important centre during the Middle Ages. St. Nikola s Church (1299) has valuable frescoes; the Monastery of Archangel… …   Universalium

  • Prilep — Prịlep,   Stadt in der Republik Makedonien, 610 m über dem Meeresspiegel, am Rand der Pelagonija, 68 100 Einwohner; Handelszentrum; Tabakverarbeitung, keramische Industrie; nahebei Marmorbrüche.   Stadtbild:   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Prilep — Sp Prilepas Ap Прилеп/Prilep L Makedonija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Prilep — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Prilep Country and Admin Code MK.E3 MK …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Prilep — noun A historic city in the southern Republic of Macedonia …   Wiktionary


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