XPInstall


XPInstall

Infobox file format
name = XPInstall (XPI)


caption = A typical XPInstall confirmation dialog
extension = .xpi
mime = application/x-xpinstall
owner = Mozilla Foundation
genre =
container for =
contained by =
extended from =
extended to =

XPInstall (Cross-Platform Install) is a technology used by the Mozilla Application Suite, SeaMonkey, Mozilla Firefox, Mozilla Thunderbird and other XUL-based applications for installing Mozilla extensions that add functionality to the main application.

A XPI (pronounced "zippy" and derived from XPInstall) installer module is a ZIP file that contains an install script or a manifest at the root of the file, and a number of data files.

In Mozilla, Firefox < 0.7, and Thunderbird < 0.5, the package contained a JavaScript install script (install.js) with some directives for actions to take during an install including adding files and directories, removing old or obsolete files and directories, executing command line tools, etc. In more recent Firefox and Thunderbird versions, the install script has been replaced by a chrome manifest and a RDF file (install.rdf).

Since Firefox 1.0, XPIs from sites other than Mozilla Add-ons are blocked by default. This was an attempt to prevent malicious programs, like computer virus, trojan and spyware, from being installed by novice users. While it is possible to put a site into the whitelist that limits sites which can install XPIs, malicious sites cannot install extensions in the background (without human intervention). This is because a confirmation dialog needs to be answered for every single installation of an extension.

However, users are still advised to install extensions from trusted sources only.

Applications with built-in support for XPInstall

Web browsers

*Mozilla Application Suite

*Flock
*SeaMonkey
*Netscape Browser

Other applications

*Nvu (web authoring application)
*Songbird (media player and organiser)
*Mozilla Sunbird
*Mozilla Thunderbird
*Google Gears

External links

* [http://www.mozilla.org/projects/xpinstall/ XPInstall]
* [http://developer.mozilla.org/en/docs/Extension_Packaging Extension Packaging (Mozilla Developer Center)]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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