- Palm Beach Gardens, Florida
mapsize = 250x200px
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = flag|United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = flag|Florida
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = noflag|Palm Beach
official_name = City of Palm Beach Gardens
nickname = The Gardens
established_title = Established
established_date = 1959
government_type = Council-City Manager
leader_name = Joe Russo
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 144.9
area_land_km2 = 144.2
area_water_km2 = 0.7
area_total_sq_mi = 55.93
area_land_sq_mi = 55.7
area_water_sq_mi = 0.2
area_water_percent = 0.45
population = 44315
population_total = 48944
population_density_sq_mi = 792.33
timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
latd = 26 |latm = 49 |lats = 43 |latNS = N
longd = 80 |longm = 6 |longs = 36 |longEW = W
elevation_ft = 16
area_code = 561
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 12-54075GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0302681GR|3
website = http://www.pbgfl.com/
Palm Beach Gardens is a city in Palm Beach County in the
U.S. stateof Florida. The city is in the center of a rapidly-developing area north of West Palm Beach in the northern part of the county and the South Florida metropolitan area. As of 2006, the population was estimated by the United States Census Bureauis 48,944. The city has relatively strict zoninglaws and also a number of gated communities.
Palm Beach Gardens is located at coor dms|26|49|43|N|80|6|36|W (26.828588, -80.109965).GR|1
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 144.9 km² (55.93 mi²). 144.85 km² (55.7 mi²) of it is land and 0.6 km² (0.2 mi²) of it (0.45%) is water. Zip Code 33418
Prior to development, the land that became Palm Beach Gardens was primarily cattle ranches and
pine forests, as well as swampland further west. In 1959, wealthy landowner and insurance magnate John D. MacArthurannounced plans to develop 4,000 acres (16 km²) and build homes for 55,000 people. He chose the name Palm Beach Gardens after his initial choice, Palm Beach City, was denied by the Florida Legislature, because of the similarity of the name to the nearby Palm Beach. MacArthur planned to build a "garden city" so he altered the name only The city was incorporated as a "paper town" (meaning that it existed only on paper) in 1959. The 1960 Census recorded that the city officially had a population of one, apparently a squatter whom MacArthur had allowed to stay on his property.
Rapid development took place in the 1960s. By 1970 the city had a population approaching 7,000 people. To showcase his new community, MacArthur purchased an 80-year-old
banyantree located in nearby Lake Park, that was to be cut down to enlarge a dentist's office. It cost $30,000 and 1008 hours of manpower to move it. A second banyan was moved the following year. While moving the first banyan tree over the Florida East Coast Railway, the massive tree shifted and disconnected the Western Uniontelephone and telegraph lines running adjacent to the railroad, cutting off most communications between Miami, 80 miles to the south, and the outside world until the damage could be repaired. These trees still remain at the center of MacArthur Boulevard near Northlake Boulevard and are still featured on the city shield. In January 2007, the great-grandson of impressionist artist Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Alexandre Renoir, presented a painting to the city which depicts the Gardens banyan tree. It is currently on display at the city hall on North Military Trail.
City growth was slow but steady throughout the 1970s and 1980s, as the population has still not reached the predicted 55,000 people envisioned by MacArthur. However, the opening of the 1.3-million-square foot Gardens Mall in 1988 initiated a new wave of development, as did the sell off in 1999 of approximately 5,000 acres (20 km²) in the city by the
John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. Development of this property happened quickly and led to much new growth in the city. The city adopted an Art In Public Places ordinance in 1989 and has amassed an eclectic collection of works. [ [http://www.pbgfl.org/visitor/art/art.asp] ]
The city suffered much damage to its tropical
landscapingin the hard freezes of 1985 and 1989, but has experienced no freezing temperatures since then. The city was hit by Hurricane Frances, Hurricane Jeanne, and Hurricane Wilmain 2004 and 2005. Much of the city lost power for days at a time after each storm, and many traffic signals and directional signs in the city were destroyed. Many homes and businesses were severely damaged during the first two storms and contractors and construction materials were at a premium. Hundreds of homes were only nearing final repair when Hurricane Wilma hit the following year damaging or destroying many of those completed or ongoing repairs.
Professional Golfers' Association of Americahas its headquarters in the city. There are 12 golf courses within the city limits, including a course owned by the municipality. Several PGA tournaments have been hosted in Palm Beach Gardens since 1971. The Honda Classichas been held at the PGA National Resort and Spa since 2007 and was held at the Country Club at Mirasolfrom 2003 to 2006; both are located in Palm Beach Gardens. Ameribank and Wackenhutalso have their headquarters in Palm Beach Gardens. The Gardens Mall, PGA Commons, Legacy Place, and Downtown at the Gardens [ [http://www.downtownatthegardens.com Downtown at the Gardens | Welcome | Shopping, Dining & Entertainment | Palm Beach Gardens, Florida ] ] are the center of the city's retail market. The city has the first and one of only three Paul bakeriesin the United States.
The Edward M. Eissey Campus, a
satellite campusof Palm Beach Community College, is located in Palm Beach Gardens. It includes the Eissey Theatre for the Performing Arts.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 35,058 people, 15,599 households, and 10,217 families residing in the city. The population densitywas 243.1/km² (629.6/mi²). There were 18,317 housing units at an average density of 127.0/km² (329.0/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.78% White (89.1% were Non-Hispanic White,) [cite web |url=http://www.muninetguide.com/states/florida/municipality/Palm_Beach_Gardens.php |title=Demographics of Palm Beach Gardens, FL |publisher=MuniNetGuide.com |accessdate=2007-11-13] 2.30% African American, 0.11% Native American, 2.15% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.67% from other races, and 0.96% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.63% of the population.
There were 15,599 households out of which 23.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.5% were non-families. 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.70.
In the city the population was spread out with 18.7% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 26.3% from 25 to 44, 28.9% from 45 to 64, and 21.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 90.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $59,776, and the median income for a family was $74,548. Males had a median income of $50,045 versus $33,221 for females. The
per capita incomefor the city was $42,975. About 3.5% of families and 5.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.9% of those under age 18 and 3.5% of those age 65 or over.
As of 2000, speakers of English as a
first languageaccounted for 89.27% of all residents, while Spanish comprised 5.60%, Italian was at 1.00%, French made up 0.83%, and German was the mother tongueof 0.61% of the population. Eleven other languages are spoken in the city, each of which are reported at less than 0.5%. [cite web |url=http://www.mla.org/map_data_results&state_id=12&county_id=&mode=place&zip=&place_id=54075&cty_id=&ll=&a=&ea=&order=r |title=MLA Data Center Results of Palm Beach Gardens, FL |publisher= Modern Language Association|accessdate=2007-11-13]
The Palm Beach Gardens Police Department is the municipal
police department. [ [http://www.pbgfl.com/publicsafety/police/police.asp Palm Beach Gardens Police ] ] It has 117 sworn officers, including SWAT, Traffic, K9, Tactical, Community Involvement Unit, Hostage Negotiating Team and other special units. The department also has a 60-member volunteer Citizens Mobile Patrol Unit and a Police Explorer Post.
The Palm Beach Gardens Fire Department is the municipal
fire department. It operates out of five stations.
The Palm Beach Gardens Medical Center is a
hospitalin the city owned by Tenet Healthcare.
The city charter provides for a
council-manager government. The city councilconsists of five Palm Beach Gardens residents elected to serve three-year terms. A quorumof three members may conduct city business. Current council members are MayorEric Jablin, Vice-Mayor David Levy, Joe Russo, Bert Premuroso, and Jody Barnett.
In December 1987, the last "missing link" of Interstate 95 opened in the city, paving the way for new development immediately to the north. There are three interchanges on I-95 serving the city and fourth is planned at Central Boulevard. The city also is served by two interchanges on the
Public transit is available to the rest of Palm Beach County through the regional commuter bus system
PalmTran. In addition, the South Florida Regional Transportation Authorityof extending the Tri-Railcommuter rail system northward with a proposed station near PGA Boulevard north of the current terminus at Mangonia Park. A trolley system is also proposed to serve the newly developed "Downtown" area.
The nearest airports are
Palm Beach International Airportand Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport, about 17 miles and 61 miles south of Palm Beach Gardens, respectively.
Mark Calcavecchia, professional golfer
Scott Carpenter, one of the original Mercury Seven NASA astronauts selected in 1959 for Project Mercury
Gary Carter, Major League BaseballHall of Fame catcher
Celine Dionhas also had property in a few locations in Palm Beach Gardens including Admirals Cove and PGA National
Luke Donald, professional golfer
Thomas Levet, professional golfer
Kassim Ouma, former world champion boxer
Brian Schneider, Major League Baseball catcher (NY Mets)
Chris Volstad, Major League Baseball pitcher (Florida Marlins)
Venus Williams, tennisprofessionals
Jimmy Key, former Major League Baseball pitcher
* [http://www.pbgfl.org/ City of Palm Beach Gardens]
* [http://www.pbgpv.org/ Palm Beach Gardens Police Foundation]
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