Richards Bay


Richards Bay

Richards Bay is a city encompassing one of South Africa's largest harbours. It is situated on a 30 square kilometre lagoon of the Mhlatuze River, on the northern coast of KwaZulu-Natal.

History

The town began as a makeshift harbour that was set up by Commodore of the Cape, Sir Frederick Richards during the Boer War of 1879. In 1935 the Richards Bay Game Sanctuary was created to protect the ecology around the lagoon and later by 1943 it expanded into the Richards Bay Park. The town was laid-out on the shores of the lagoon in 1954 and proclaimed a town in 1969. In 1976 Richards Bay harbour was converted into a deep water harbour with railway and an oil/gas pipeline linking the port to Johannesburg.

Economy

The Richards Bay Coal Terminal is the largest coal export facility in the world with a planned capacity of 91 million tons per year by the first half of 2009. In 2007 annual throughput was 66.12 million tons.

Two aluminium smelters and a fertiliser plant have been erected at the harbour. Iron ore, rutile (titanium oxide) and zircon are mined from the sand dunes close to the lagoon by Richards Bay Minerals [http://www.rbm.co.za/ Richards Bay Minerals] . Local exports include coal, aluminium, titanium and other heavy minerals, granite, ferrochrome, paper pulp, woodchips and phosphoric acid.

Climate

Richards Bay is a popular kitesurfing destination thanks to consistent winds blowing from the North East.

ee also

*Richards Bay Airport

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Richards Bay — Richards Bay …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Richards Bay — v. et port d Afrique du Sud, sur l océan Indien, dans le KwaZulu Natal. Premier port minéralier du pays …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Richards Bay —   [ rɪtʃədz beɪ], Hafen und Industriestadt in der Provinz KwaZulu/Natal, Republik Südafrika, 193 km nördlich von Durban an einer Lagune des Indischen Ozeans (ein Teil als Naturschutzgebiet), 90 000 Einwohner; u. a. Kunstdünger und… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Richards Bay — 28° 48′ S 32° 06′ E / 28.8, 32.1 Richards Bay (Afrikaans: Richardsbaai) es …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Richards Bay — Original name in latin Richards Bay Name in other language RCB, Ricardusbaia, Richards Bay, Richards Bej, Richards Bej, Richardsbaai, Ричардс Беј, Ричардс Бей State code ZA Continent/City Africa/Johannesburg longitude 28.78301 latitude 32.03768… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Richards Bay Airport — airport codes|RCB|FARB is an airport in Richards Bay, South Africa. It is independently managed and not part of the network of larger airports operated by the parastatal Airports Company South Africa (ACSA).cheduled services*South African Airways …   Wikipedia

  • Richards Bay Coal Terminal — The Rirchards Bay Coal Terminal, located in the Richards Bay harbour, is the largest coal export facility in the world. Potential throughput is to reach 91 million tons a year by the first half of 2009. [cite… …   Wikipedia

  • Protea Hotel Richards Bay — (Ричардс Бей,Южно Африканская Республика) Категория отеля: 3 звездочный отель Адрес …   Каталог отелей

  • Protea Hotel Waterfront Richards Bay — (Ричардс Бей,Южно Африканская Республика) Категория отеля: 4 звездочный отель Адре …   Каталог отелей


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