- Far East
The "Far East" is a term often used by people in the
Western worldto refer to the countries of East Asia. [ [http://www.askoxford.com/concise_oed/fareast?view=uk AskOxford: Far East ] ] It is a Eurocentric term that nevertheless retains strong popular usage. "Far East" came because from Europethe Eastern Asiais the "farthest" of the two "easts" (the others being Near Eastand Middle East) literally near the Pacific Ocean. For the same reason, ancient Chinese people called western country "Tàixī ( _zh. 泰西)" (lit. more west than Arabia).
The term "Far East" was popularized in the
English languageduring the period of the British Empireas a blanket term for lands to the east of British India. Prior to World War I, the " Near East" referred to relatively nearby lands of the Ottoman Empire, " Middle East" to northwestern South Asiaand Central Asia, and "Far East" for countries along the western Pacific Ocean and countries along the eastern Indian Ocean. Many European languages have analogous terms, such as the French "Extrême-Orient", Spanish "Extremo Oriente", Portuguese "Extremo Oriente", German "Ferner Osten", Italian "Estremo Oriente", Polish "Daleki Wschód", and Dutch "Verre Oosten".
Cultural as well as geographic meaning
Significantly, the term evokes cultural as well as geographic separation; the "Far East" is not just geographically distant, but also culturally exotic. It never refers, for instance, to the culturally Western nations of
Australiaand New Zealand, which lie even farther to the east of Europe than East Asia itself. This combination of cultural and geographic subjectivism was well illustrated in 1939 by the Prime Minister of Australia, R. G Menzies. Reflecting upon his country's geopolitical concerns with the onset of war, Menzies commented that:
"The problems of the Pacific are different. What Great Britain calls the Far East is to us the near north." [ [http://www.info.dfat.gov.au/info/historical/HistDocs.nsf/(LookupVolNoNumber)/2~73 Broadcast Speech by Mr R.G. Menzies, Prime Minister ] ]
"Far East" in its usual sense is comparable to terms such as "the
Orient", which means East; the " Eastern world"; or simply the "East". South East Asiaand the Russian Far Eastmight now be included in the Far East to some extent due to recent Chinese migration to Russia, and the Korean diaspora in Russia.
Use of the term in the
Western worldhas become somewhat circumscribed due to its Eurocentrismand association with European imperialism in Asia. The more precise "East Asia" and "Southeast Asia", or larger umbrella terms, such as "Pacific Rim", are preferred in cultural and economic studies. The region's growth has also given new meaning to the term as meaning the Far East of the world (i.e. the easternmost continental land in the Eastern Hemisphere) rather than to the Far East of Europe.
Despite its shortcomings, the term is unlikely to fade from use completely due to historical usage within the names of many Asian-based commercial enterprises and institutions. Examples include:
Far Eastern National Universityin Vladivostok, Far Eastern Universityin the City of Manila, South Korean's Far East University, and the Hong Kong-based " Far Eastern Economic Review"NORTh America have historically used "Far East" for several military units and commands in the region:
British Far East Command
RAF Far East Air Force
U.S. Far East Air Force
* The U.S.
Far East Network
Territories and regions conventionally included under the term "Far East"
=Gallery of the major cities in the Far East=
Four Asian Tigers
Russian Far East
* Whitaker, Brian. " [http://www.guardian.co.uk/elsewhere/journalist/story/0,7792,1154165,00.html From Turkey to Tibet] ," "
The Guardian", February 23, 2004.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Far East — n the Far East the countries in the east of Asia, such as China, Japan, Korea etc >Far Eastern adj →↑Middle East, ↑Near East … Dictionary of contemporary English
Far East — ► NOUN ▪ China, Japan, and other countries of east Asia. DERIVATIVES Far Eastern adjective … English terms dictionary
Far East — EAST ASIA: the term sometimes includes the countries of Southeast Asia & the Malay Archipelago … English World dictionary
Far East — [ fɑː iːst], englisch für Ferner Osten … Universal-Lexikon
Far East — Far′ East′ n. geg the countries of E Asia, including China, Japan, Korea, and sometimes adjacent areas … From formal English to slang
Far East — Usually referred to today as East and Southeast Asia, the Far East encompasses the region of Asia that reaches geographically from the Malay Peninsula in the southwest to Korea and Japan in the northeast. Politically, a large part of the… … Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914
Far East 95.1 — Infobox Radio station | name = Far East 95.1 city = Olongapo area = Zambales branding = Far East 95.1 slogan = airdate = 1970 frequency = 95.1 MHz format = News, Pop Music power = 5,000 watts erp = 20.0 Kw class = callsign meaning = DWSL owner =… … Wikipedia
Far East — noun the Far East the countries in the east of Asia, such as China, Japan etc compare Middle East, Near East Far Eastern adjective … Longman dictionary of contemporary English
Far East — noun Term used by Europeans to describe the region of East Asia, Korea, Japan, China, the Russian Far East and Southeast Asia. See Also: Middle East, Near East … Wiktionary
Far East — N PROPER: the N The Far East is used to refer to all the countries of Eastern Asia, including China, Japan, North and South Korea, and Indochina … English dictionary