Niphargus


Niphargus
Niphargus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Amphipoda
Family: Niphargidae
Genus: Niphargus
Schiødte, 1847
Species

Over 300; see text

Niphargus is by far the largest genus of its family, the Niphargidae, and the largest of all freshwater amphipod genera.[1]

Usually, these animals inhabit caves or groundwater. They occur mainly in western Eurasia, in regions that were not covered by the Pleistocene ice sheets. Some are found southwestwards of this range; on the other hand this genus is largely missing from Iberia. In their main range – the central Mediterranean region through Central and Eastern Europe to the Ukraine – they are among the most significant organisms inhabiting the groundwater.[1]

The genus Niphargus contains the following species:[2]

  • Niphargus abchasicus Martynov, 1932
  • Niphargus aberrans Sket, 1972
  • Niphargus ablaskiri Birstein, 1940
  • Niphargus abricossovi Birstein, 1932
  • Niphargus adbiptus G. Karaman, 1973
  • Niphargus adei S. Karaman, 1934
  • Niphargus affinis Dobreanu, Manolache & Puscariu, 1953
  • Niphargus aggtelekiensis Dudich, 1932
  • Niphargus alasonius Derzhavin, 1945
  • Niphargus alatus G. Karaman, 1973
  • Niphargus alpinus G. Karaman & Ruffo, 1989
  • Niphargus altagahizi Alouf, 1973
  • Niphargus alutensis Dancau, 1971
  • Niphargus ambulator G. Karaman, 1975
  • Niphargus anatolicus S. Karaman, 1950
  • Niphargus andropus Schellenberg, 1940
  • Niphargus angelieri Ruffo, 1954
  • Niphargus anticolanus d’Ancona, 1934
  • Niphargus apuanus Ruffo, 1936
  • Niphargus aquilex Schioedte, 1855
  • Niphargus arbiter G. Karaman, 1985
  • Niphargus arcanus G. Karaman, 1988
  • Niphargus armatus G. Karaman, 1985
  • Niphargus asper G. Karaman, 1972
  • Niphargus auerbachi Schellenberg, 1934
  • Niphargus aulicus G. S. Karaman, 1991
  • Niphargus bajuvaricus Schellenberg, 1932
  • Niphargus balazuci Schellenberg, 1951
  • Niphargus balcanicus Absolon, 1927
  • Niphargus baloghi Dudich, 1940
  • Niphargus banaticus Dobreanu & Manolache, 1936
  • Niphargus banjanus S. Karaman, 1943
  • Niphargus barbatus Karaman, 1985
  • Niphargus bihorensis Schellenberg, 1940
  • Niphargus bilecanus S. Karaman, 1953
  • Niphargus biljanae Karaman, 1998
  • Niphargus birsteini Dedyu, 1963
  • Niphargus bitoljensis S. Karaman, 1943
  • Niphargus bodoni Karaman, 1985
  • Niphargus borkanus S. Karaman, 1960
  • Niphargus borutzkyi Birstein, 1933
  • Niphargus boskovici S. Karaman, 1952
  • Niphargus bosniacus S. Karaman, 1943
  • Niphargus boulangei Wichers, 1964
  • Niphargus brachytelson S. Karaman, 1952
  • Niphargus brevicuspis Schellenberg, 1937
  • Niphargus brevirostris Sket, 1971
  • Niphargus brixianus Ruffo, 1937
  • Niphargus bulgaricus Andreev, 2001
  • Niphargus bureschi Fage, 1926
  • Niphargus burgundus Graf & Straskraba, 1967
  • Niphargus buturovici S. Karaman, 1958
  • Niphargus caelestis G. Karaman, 1982
  • Niphargus canui G. Karaman, 1976
  • Niphargus carcerarius G. Karaman, 1989
  • Niphargus carniolicus Sket, 1960
  • Niphargus carpathicus Dobreanu & Manolache, 1939
  • Niphargus carpathorossicus Straskraba, 1957
  • Niphargus carsicus Straskraba, 1956
  • Niphargus casimiriensis Skalski, 1980
  • Niphargus castellanus S. Karaman, 1960
  • Niphargus catalogus G. S. Karaman, 1995
  • Niphargus cavernicolus Dobreanu & Manolache, 1957
  • Niphargus cepelarensis S. Karaman & G. Karaman, 1959
  • Niphargus ciliatus Chevreux, 1906
  • Niphargus cismontanus Margalef, 1952
  • Niphargus corinae Dedyu, 1963
  • Niphargus corniculanus Iannilli&Vigna-Taglianti, 2005
  • Niphargus corsicanus Schellenberg, 1950
  • Niphargus costozzae Schellenberg, 1935
  • Niphargus croaticus Jurinac, 1888
  • Niphargus cubanicus Birstein, 1954
  • Niphargus cvijici S. Karaman, 1950
  • Niphargus d’anconai Benedetti, 1942
  • Niphargus dabarensis Fišer, Trontelj & Sket, 2006
  • Niphargus dacicus Dancau, 1963
  • Niphargus dalmatinus Schaferna, 1922
  • Niphargus danconai Benedetti, 1942
  • Niphargus danconai S. Karaman, 1954
  • Niphargus danielopoli Karaman, 1994
  • Niphargus debilis Ruffo, 1936
  • Niphargus decui G. Karaman & Sarbu, 1995
  • Niphargus deelemanae G. Karaman, 1973
  • Niphargus delamarei Ruffo, 1954
  • Niphargus derzhavini Birstein, 1952
  • Niphargus dimorphopus Stock & Gledhill, 1977
  • Niphargus dimorphus Birstein, 1961
  • Niphargus dissonus G. Karaman, 1984
  • Niphargus dobati Sket, 1999
  • Niphargus dobrogicus Dancau, 1964
  • Niphargus dojranensis G. Karaman, 1960
  • Niphargus dolenianesis Lorenzi, 1898
  • Niphargus dolichopus Fišer, Trontelj & Sket, 2006
  • Niphargus dubius Dobreanu & Manolache
  • Niphargus dudichi Hanko, 1924
  • Niphargus duplus G. Karaman, 1976
  • Niphargus echion G. Karaman & Gottstein Matočec, 2006
  • Niphargus effossus Dudich, 1943
  • Niphargus elegans Garbini, 1894
  • Niphargus enslini S. Karaman, 1932
  • Niphargus eugeniae Derzhavin, 1945
  • Niphargus factor Sket & G. Karaman, 1990
  • Niphargus fontanus Bate, 1859
  • Niphargus fongi Fišer & Zagmajster, 2009
  • Niphargus fontophilus S. Karaman, 1943
  • Niphargus foreli Humbert, 1877
  • Niphargus forroi Karaman, 1986
  • Niphargus galenae Derzhavin, 1939
  • Niphargus gallicus Schellenberg, 1935
  • Niphargus galvagnii Ruffo, 1953
  • Niphargus gebhardti Schellenberg, 1934
  • Niphargus georgievi S. Karaman & G. Karaman, 1959
  • Niphargus gineti Bou, 1965
  • Niphargus glontii Behning, 1940
  • Niphargus graecus S. Karaman, 1934
  • Niphargus grandii Ruffo, 1937
  • Niphargus groehni Coleman & Myers, 2001
  • Niphargus gurjanovae Birstein, 1941
  • Niphargus hadzii Rejic, 1956
  • Niphargus hebereri Schellenberg, 1933
  • Niphargus hercegovinensis S. Karaman, 1950
  • Niphargus hoverlicus Dedyu, 1963
  • Niphargus hrabei S. Karaman, 1932
  • Niphargus hungaricus Mehely, 1937
  • Niphargus hvarensis S. Karaman, 1952
  • Niphargus ictus G. Karaman, 1985
  • Niphargus illidzensis Schaferna, 1922
  • Niphargus incertus Dobreanu, Manolache & Puscariu, 1951
  • Niphargus inclinatus G. Karaman, 1973
  • Niphargus inermis Birstein, 1940
  • Niphargus iniochus Birstein, 1941
  • Niphargus inopinatus Schellenberg, 1932
  • Niphargus inornatus Derzhavin, 1945
  • Niphargus irlandicus Schellenberg, 1932
  • Niphargus italicus G. Karaman, 1976
  • Niphargus itus G. Karaman, 1986
  • Niphargus ivokaramani G. Karaman, 1994
  • Niphargus jadranko Sket & G. Karaman, 1990
  • Niphargus jalzici G. Karaman, 1989
  • Niphargus jaroschenkoi Dedyu, 1963
  • Niphargus jovanovici S. Karaman, 1931
  • Niphargus jugoslavicus G. Karaman, 1982
  • Niphargus jurinaci S. Karaman, 1950
  • Niphargus karamani Schellenberg, 1935
  • Niphargus kenki S. Karaman, 1952
  • Niphargus kieferi Schellenberg, 1936
  • Niphargus kirgizi Fišer, Çamur-Elipek & Özbek, 2009
  • Niphargus kochianus Bate, 1859
  • Niphargus kolombatovici S. Karaman, 1950
  • Niphargus komareki S. Karaman, 1932
  • Niphargus korosensis Dudich, 1943
  • Niphargus kosanini S. Karaman, 1943
  • Niphargus kragujevensis S. Karaman, 1950
  • Niphargus krameri Schellenberg, 1935
  • Niphargus kurdus Derzhavin, 1945
  • Niphargus kusceri S. Karaman, 1950
  • Niphargus labacensis Sket, 1956
  • Niphargus ladmiraulti Chevreux, 1901
  • Niphargus laisi Schellenberg, 1936
  • Niphargus laticaudatus Schellenberg, 1940
  • Niphargus latimanus Birstein, 1952
  • Niphargus lattingerae G. Karaman, 1983
  • Niphargus leopoliensis Jaworowski, 1893
  • Niphargus lessiniensis Stoch, 1998
  • Niphargus liburnicus G. Karaman & Sket, 1989
  • Niphargus likanus S. Karaman, 1952
  • Niphargus lindbergi S. Karaman, 1956
  • Niphargus longicaudatus A. Costa, 1851
  • Niphargus longidactylus Ruffo, 1937
  • Niphargus longiflagellum S. Karaman, 1950
  • Niphargus lori Derzhavin, 1945
  • Niphargus lourensis Fišer, Trontelj & Sket, 2006
  • Niphargus lunaris G. Karaman, 1985
  • Niphargus macedonicus S. Karaman, 1929
  • Niphargus magnus Birstein, 1940
  • Niphargus maximus S. Karaman, 1929
  • Niphargus mediodanubilais Dudich, 1941
  • Niphargus medvednicae S. Karaman, 1950
  • Niphargus melticensis Dancau & Andreev, 1973
  • Niphargus meridionalis Dobreanu & Manolache, 1942
  • Niphargus messanai G. Karaman, 1989
  • Niphargus microcerberus Sket, 1972
  • Niphargus miljeticus Straškraba, 1959
  • Niphargus minor Sket, 1956
  • Niphargus moldavicus Dobreanu, Manolache & Puscariu, 1953
  • Niphargus molnari Mehely, 1927
  • Niphargus montellianus Stoch, 1998
  • Niphargus montenigrinus G. Karaman, 1962
  • Niphargus multipennatus Sket, 1956
  • Niphargus nadarini Alouf, 1972
  • Niphargus nicaensis Isnard, 1916
  • Niphargus novomestanus S. Karaman, 1952
  • Niphargus numerus G. Karaman & Sket, 1990
  • Niphargus occultus G. Karaman, 1993-94
  • Niphargus ohridanus S. Karaman, 1929
  • Niphargus orcinus Joseph, 1869
  • Niphargus orientalis S. Karaman, 1950
  • Niphargus osogovensis S. Karaman, 1959
  • Niphargus otharicus Birstein, 1952
  • Niphargus pachypus Schellenberg, 1933
  • Niphargus pachytelson Sket, 1960
  • Niphargus pancici S. Karaman, 1929
  • Niphargus pannonicus S. Karaman, 1950
  • Niphargus parapupetta G. Karaman, 1984
  • Niphargus parenzani Ruffo & Vigna–Taglianti, 1968
  • Niphargus parvus S. Karaman, 1943
  • Niphargus pasquinii Vigna-Taglianti, 1966
  • Niphargus pater Mehely, 1941
  • Niphargus patrizii Ruffo & Vigna–Taglianti, 1968
  • Niphargus pavicevici G. Karaman, 1976
  • Niphargus pecarensis S. Karaman & G. Karaman, 1959
  • Niphargus pectencoronatae Sket & G. Karaman, 1990
  • Niphargus pectinicauda Sket, 1971
  • Niphargus pedemontanus Ruffo, 1937
  • Niphargus pellagonicus S. Karaman, 1943
  • Niphargus pescei G. Karaman, 1984
  • Niphargus petkovskii G. Karaman, 1963
  • Niphargus petrosani Dobreanu & Manolache, 1933
  • Niphargus phreaticolus Motas, Dobreanu & Manolache, 1948
  • Niphargus plateaui Chevreux, 1901
  • Niphargus pliginskii Martynov, 1930
  • Niphargus podgoricensis S. Karaman, 1934
  • Niphargus podpecanus S. Karaman, 1952
  • Niphargus poianoi G. Karaman, 1988
  • Niphargus polonicus Schellenberg, 1936
  • Niphargus poloninicus Straškraba, 1957
  • Niphargus polymorphus Fišer, Trontelj & Sket, 2006
  • Niphargus ponoricus Dancau, 1963
  • Niphargus potamophilus Birstein, 1954
  • Niphargus pretneri Sket, 1959
  • Niphargus pseudocaspius G. Karaman, 1982
  • Niphargus pseudokochianus Dobreanu, Manolache & Puscariu, 1953
  • Niphargus pseudolatimanus Birstein, 1952
  • Niphargus pulevici G. Karaman, 1967
  • Niphargus pupetta Sket, 1962
  • Niphargus puteanus C. L. Koch, 1836
  • Niphargus rajecensis Schellenberg, 1938
  • Niphargus ravanicanus S. Karaman, 1943
  • Niphargus redenseki Sket, 1959
  • Niphargus rejici Sket, 1958
  • Niphargus remus G. Karaman, 1992
  • Niphargus remyi S. Karaman, 1934
  • Niphargus renei Karaman, 1986
  • Niphargus rhenorhodanensis Schellenberg, 1937
  • Niphargus rhodi S. Karaman, 1950
  • Niphargus robustus Chevreux, 1901
  • Niphargus romanicus Dobreanu & Manolache, 1942
  • Niphargus romuleus Vigna-Taglianti, 1968
  • Niphargus rostratus Sket, 1971
  • Niphargus rucneri G. Karaman, 1962
  • Niphargus ruffoi G. Karaman, 1976
  • Niphargus salonitanus S. Karaman, 1950
  • Niphargus sanctinaumi S. Karaman, 1943
  • Niphargus schellenbergi S. Karaman, 1932
  • Niphargus schusteri G. Karaman, 1991
  • Niphargus scopicauda Fišer, Coleman, Zagmajster, Zwittnig, Gerecke & Sket, 2010
  • Niphargus serbicus S. Karaman, 1960
  • Niphargus sertaci Fišer, Çamur-Elipek & Özbek, 2009
  • Niphargus setiferus Schellenberg, 1937
  • Niphargus sibillinianus G. Karaman, 1984
  • Niphargus similis G. Karaman & Ruffo, 1989
  • Niphargus sketi G. Karaman, 1966
  • Niphargus skopljensis S. Karaman, 1929
  • Niphargus slovenicus S. Karaman, 1932
  • Niphargus smederevanus S. Karaman, 1950
  • Niphargus smirnovi Birstein, 1952
  • Niphargus sodalis G. Karaman, 1984
  • Niphargus somesensis Motas, Dobreanu & Manolache, 1948
  • Niphargus speziae Schellenberg, 1936
  • Niphargus sphagnicolus Rejic, 1956
  • Niphargus spinulifemur S. Karaman, 1954
  • Niphargus spoeckeri Schellenberg, 1933
  • Niphargus stadleri S. Karaman, 1932
  • Niphargus stankoi G. Karaman, 1974
  • Niphargus stebbingi Cecchini
  • Niphargus stefanellii Ruffo & Vigna-Taglianti, 1968
  • Niphargus stenopus Sket, 1960
  • Niphargus steueri Schellenberg, 1935
  • Niphargus stochi G. Karaman, 1994
  • Niphargus strouhali Schellenberg, 1933
  • Niphargus stygius (Schiodte), 1847
  • Niphargus stygocharis Dudich, 1943
  • Niphargus submersus (Derzhavin), 1945
  • Niphargus subtypicus Sket, 1960
  • Niphargus talikadzei Giliarov, Lagidze, Levushkin & Talikadze, 1974
  • Niphargus tamaninii Ruffo, 1953
  • Niphargus tatrensis Wrzesniowsky, 1888
  • Niphargus tauri Schellenberg, 1933
  • Niphargus tauricus Birstein, 1964
  • Niphargus tenuicaudatus Schellenberg, 1940
  • Niphargus thermalis Dudich, 1941
  • Niphargus thienemanni Schellenberg, 1934
  • Niphargus thuringius Schellenberg, 1934
  • Niphargus timavi S. Karaman, 1954
  • Niphargus toplicensis Andreev, 1966
  • Niphargus transitivus Sket, 1971
  • Niphargus transsylvanicus Schellenberg, 1934
  • Niphargus tridentinus Stoch, 1998
  • Niphargus trullipes Sket, 1958
  • Niphargus vadimi Birstein, 1961
  • Niphargus valachicus Dobreanu & Manolache, 1933
  • Niphargus vandeli Barbe, 1961
  • Niphargus variabilis Dobreanu, Manolache & Puscariu, 1953
  • Niphargus velesensis S. Karaman, 1943
  • Niphargus versluysi S. Karaman, 1950
  • Niphargus vinodolensis Fišer, Sket & Stoch, 2006
  • Niphargus virei Chevreux, 1896
  • Niphargus vjeternicensis S. Karaman, 1932
  • Niphargus vlkanovi S. Karaman & G. Karaman, 1959
  • Niphargus vodnensis S. Karaman, 1943
  • Niphargus vornatscheri Schellenberg, 1934
  • Niphargus vranjinae G. Karaman, 1967
  • Niphargus vulgaris G. Karaman, 1968
  • Niphargus wexfordensis Karaman, Gledhill & Holmes, 1994
  • Niphargus wolfi Schellenberg, 1933
  • Niphargus zagrebensis S. Karaman, 1950
  • Niphargus zavalanus S. Karaman, 1950
  • Niphargus zorae G. Karaman, 1967

References

  1. ^ a b Cene Fišer, Peter Trontelj and Boris Sket. "Niphargus". http://niphargus.info/. Retrieved June 17, 2011. 
  2. ^ Cene Fišer, Peter Trontelj and Boris Sket. "A full list of known taxa". Niphargus. http://niphargus.info/niphargidae/niphargus/. Retrieved June 17, 2011.