- British Columbia general election, 1952
The British Columbia general election, 1952 was the 23rd general election in the Province of
British Columbia, Canada. It was held to elect members of the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia. The election was called on April 10 1952, and held on June 12 1952. The new legislature met for the first time on February 3 1953.
This system had been designed to enable the Conservative and Liberal parties to keep the socialist Co-operative Commonwealth Federation out of power. Unexpectedly, this enabled Social Credit to win the largest number of seats with the benefit of second-preference ballots from CCF voters.
The British Columbia Social Credit League (BCSCL) nominated and supported the candidates (who were BCSCL members) but in assuming power, the new government referred to itself as Social Credit.
W.A.C. Bennettwas a former member of the legislature who had left the Progressive Conservative Party to sit as an independent after failing in his bid to become leader of the Progressive Conservative Party in 1951. In December of that year, he took out a membership in the Social Credit League. Social Credit fell short of holding a majority after the election, however. Bennett had succeeded in convincing a Labour member of the Legislature (MLA) to support the party, and so the Socreds were able to form a minority government.
The party had no official leader. In a vote of the newly elected caucus, Bennett defeated
Philip Gaglardifor the position of party leader and premier-elect on July 15 1952.
The centre-right coalition formed by the Liberal and Conservative parties in order to defeat the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation in the 1945 and 1949 elections split, and the two parties nominated candidates under their own names. The Conservative Party adopted the "Progressive Conservative" name used by its federal counterpart.
*Party did not nominate candidates in the previous election.
1 In the previous election, the Liberal and Conservative parties ran candidates jointly as "Coalition" candidates, electing 39 MLAs. The Conservatives withdrew from the coalition in 1951 hastening the government's collapse.
Results by riding
Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal|
William Thomas Straith
Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal|
align="center" colspan="10"|Source: [http://www.elections.bc.ca/elections/electoral_history/toc.html Elections BC]
*List of British Columbia political parties
History and usage of the Single Transferable Vote
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