Yorktown, Indiana


Yorktown, Indiana

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Yorktown, Indiana
settlement_type = Town
nickname =
motto =



imagesize =
image_caption = Yorktown from the air, looking east.


image_



image_




mapsize = 250x200px
map_caption = Location of Yorktown in the state of Indiana


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =

subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = Indiana
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Delaware
subdivision_type3 = Township
subdivision_name3 = Mount Pleasant
government_footnotes =
government_type =
leader_title =
leader_name =
leader_title1 =
leader_name1 =
established_title =
established_date =

area_footnotes =
unit_pref = Imperial
area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 9.3
area_land_km2 = 9.1
area_water_km2 = 0.2
area_total_sq_mi = 3.6
area_land_sq_mi = 3.5
area_water_sq_mi = 0.1

population_as_of = 2000
population_footnotes =
population_total = 4785
population_density_km2 = 523.9
population_density_sq_mi = 1357.0

timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 275
elevation_ft = 902
latd = 40 |latm = 10 |lats = 31 |latNS = N
longd = 85 |longm = 28 |longs = 55 |longEW = W

postal_code_type = ZIP code
postal_code = 47396
area_code = 765
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 18-86084GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0446404GR|3
website =
footnotes =

Yorktown is a town in Mount Pleasant Township, Delaware County, Indiana, United States. The population was 4,785 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Muncie, IN Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 3.6 square miles (9.3 km²), of which, 3.5 square miles (9.1 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (1.67%) is water.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 4,785 people, 1,842 households, and 1,368 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,357.0 people per square mile (523.4/km²). There were 1,940 housing units at an average density of 550.2/sq mi (212.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.64% White, 0.96% African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.23% from other races, and 0.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.73% of the population.

There were 1,842 households out of which 37.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.5% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.7% were non-families. 21.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the town the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.4 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $50,974, and the median income for a family was $58,784. Males had a median income of $41,346 versus $26,611 for females. The per capita income for the town was $26,065. About 3.9% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.0% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.

History

During the Woodland period Native Americans built an earthen enclosure just to the east of Yorktown, still visible on Google Earth at coord|40.1805|N|85.4694|W. Yorktown lies at the junction of the White River and Buck Creek. According to local legend, the Miami Indians believed that the peculiar configuration of the junction made Yorktown immune from tornadoes.

Yorktown was platted in 1837 by Oliver H. Smith, who represented Indiana in the U.S. Senate from 1837 to 1843 and was a member of the Committee on Public Lands. Smith eventually became involved in the railroad business, and Yorktown was joined to Indianapolis by railroad in the early 1850s. Yorktown's main street bears Smith's name. [cite news |last=Lasley | first=Norma of Delaware County Historical Society | title=Correspondence | journal=|date=2007-03-31]

Yorktown benefited from the 1880s natural gas boom in the area, and was the site of several glass factories in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. (The gas gave names to nearby the towns of Gaston and Gas City and drew the Ball Brothers to Muncie.)

In 1892, a developer platted "West Muncie" on land immediately adjacent to Yorktown (but roughly ten miles from Muncie.) Buck Creek was dammed to form "Lake Delaware," which became the focus of a 73-room resort hotel opened in 1893. However, the dam broke within a few years and the entire West Muncie project was abandoned. [cite news | title=Journal Album | publisher=Muncie Star | last=unknown | date=1985-01-27 ] [cite news | title=unknown | publisher=Muncie Morning News | last=unknown | date=1898-03-24 ] Its most enduring legacy was perhaps that Yorktown was erroneously labeled "West Muncie" on some road maps into the 1960s and perhaps later, puzzling most local residents, who had neither seen nor heard the name in any other context.

The town has been served by the Big Four Railroad and its successors: the New York Central, Penn Central, Conrail, and CSX. The town was also served by an electric interurban line, the Union Traction Company of Indiana and its successor Indiana Railroad, in the early twentieth century.

In the mid twentieth century, many residents found employment in automotive plants in nearby Muncie and Anderson, most associated with General Motors. Yorktown also served as corporate headquarters of the Marsh Supermarkets chain from 1952 until 1991, a fact reflected in the chain's "Yorktown" store brand. [cite web
title = Marsh corporate website
url=http://www.marsh.net/mtc_chis.html | accessdate = 2007-02-17
]

Notes

Notable Yorktonians

*Ted Haggard, prominent Evangelical Christian, grew up in Yorktown.
*James Armstrong, former President of the National Council of Churches, spent his infancy in Yorktown.
*Pete Campbell, college basketball player, Butler University, attended high school in Yorktown.

External links

* [http://www.yorktownindiana.org/ Official website]
* [http://www.yorktowninchamber.org/ Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://www.munciefreepress.com/news/tag/Yorktown Yorktown News at Muncie Free Press]


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