Colombian Conservative Party


Colombian Conservative Party
Colombian Conservative Party
Partido Conservador Colombiano
President José Darío Salazar
Senate leader Roberto Gerlein Echeverría
House leader Alfredo Cuello Baute
Founded October 4, 1849 (1849-10-04)
Headquarters Avenida 22 37–09, Barrio La Soledad, Bogotá, D.C., Colombia
Ideology Traditionalist Conservatism, Liberal Conservatism
Political position Centre-Right
International affiliation International Democrat Union
Regional affiliation Union of Latin American Parties
Official colours Blue[1]
Seats in the Chamber of Representatives
38 / 166
Seats in the Senate
23 / 102
Website
http://www.partidoconservador.org/
Politics of Colombia
Political parties
Elections

The Colombian Conservative Party (Spanish: Partido Conservador Colombiano), is a conservative political party in Colombia. The party was unofficially founded by a group of Revolutionary Commoners during the Revolutionary War for Independence from the Spanish Monarchy and later formally established during the Greater Colombia formation.

The Conservative party along with the Colombian Liberal Party, dominated the Colombian political scene from the end of the 19th century until 2002, in bipartisan political hegemony. In the mid 20th century, the Conservative Party and the Liberal Party established the "National Front" after deposing President Gustavo Rojas Pinilla and shared by turns the presidential terms.

Contents

Origins

In 1848, the Liberal Party was founded. However, a dissident group inside the party, called the "ministerial liberals" left the party with the objective of creating a new one. In 1849, Mariano Ospina Rodríguez and José Eusebio Caro, after months of deliberations, wrote the ideological platform and fundamental programs of the Colombian Conservative Party. They both created the newspaper called “La Civilización” to promote their political ideas. The Colombian Conservative party was formally founded on October 4, 1849, when a declaration of political principles was published in the "La Civilización" newspaper.[2] The party's original program called for the defense of constitutional order and legality against dictatorship and monarchy, the protection of property rights against communism, that of Roman Catholic morality against atheism, the equality of citizens before the law, and the victory of civilization against barbarism.

Ideology

Colombian conservative party supporters

The party's current programme includes several objectives: to continue the search for peace in Colombia (following the examples of former presidents Guillermo León Valencia, Belisario Betancur and Andrés Pastrana, as members of the party), to preserve national unity and the continuing belief in God held by the majority of Colombians, the need for a reform of the 1991 constitution in order to correct some of its flaws to promote the modernization of the state, to fight unemployment, poverty, and lack of security and to extend and defend property rights for all Colombians.

  • Belief of God being the center of the universe.
  • Belief in private systems.
  • Belief in Fighting Communism and all its ideals.
  • Belief in Tradition.
  • Belief in Free Trade.
  • Belief in an Organized Society
  • Belief in defending family and life before anything.
  • Belief that these are the ideals that will provide a better future for the Colombian Society.

Political history

La Violencia
Bogotazo.jpg
Prelude
Murder of Jorge Eliécer Gaitán
El Bogotazo
Political Parties
Liberal Party
Conservative Party
Colombian Communist Party
Presidents of Colombia
Mariano Ospina Pérez
Laureano Gómez
Gustavo Rojas Pinilla
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The Colombian Conservative Party is usually the second largest single party in the Colombian Congress, though far behind the numbers corresponding to the Colombian Liberal Party or those of multiple independent factions and candidates.

From 1958 to 1978 it, and the other major party, the Colombian Liberal Party, shared power as the result of the National Front agreement that followed the fall of General Gustavo Rojas Pinilla.

The Colombian Conservative Party has become a close political ally of President Álvaro Uribe, who was formerly a member of the opposing Liberal party. The party did not present its own candidate for the 2006 presidential elections, and instead supported President Uribe's reelection.

In 2010, the party held for the first time, primary elections to choose a candidate for presidency. Noemí Sanín was nominated presidential candidate of the Conservative Party, the first woman to do so.

Electoral Results

In legislative elections of 2006 the party won 29 out of 166 seats in the Chamber of Representatives and 18 out of 100 seats in the Senate.

In 2010, the party won 23 seats in senate.

Further events

In 1998, Andres Pastrana Arango, a conservative, was elected president of Colombia, setting a conservative tendency that would catch on with the Colombian politics, after achieving the approval for the Plan Colombia.

References

  1. ^ Blue has been commonly used since its creation.
  2. ^ Arismendi Posada, Ignacio; Gobernantes Colombianos; trans. Colombian Presidents; Interprint Editors Ltd.; Italgraf; Segunda Edición; Page 74; Bogotá, Colombia; 1983

External links


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