- 1920 Summer Olympics
Name = Games of the VII Olympiad
Host city =
Size = 250px
Nations participating = 29
Athletes participating = 2,626
(2,561 men, 65 women)
Events = 154 in 22
Opening ceremony =
April 20, 1920
Closing ceremony =
September 12, 1920
Officially opened by =
Albert I of Belgium
Athlete's Oath =
Judge's Oath =
Olympic Torch =
Stadium = Olympisch Stadion
The 1920 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the VII Olympiad, were an
international multi-sport eventwhich was celebrated in 1920in Antwerp, Belgium. The 1920 Games were awarded to Antwerp to honor the suffering that had been inflicted on the Belgian people during World War I. [http://www.olympic.org/uk/games/past/index_uk.asp?OLGT=1&OLGY=1920] [http://www.flanderstoday.eu/jahia/Jahia/pid/2223] The initial choice for the site of the Games had been Budapest, Hungary.
1916 Summer Olympics, to be held in Berlin, capital of the German Empire, were canceled due to the war. The aftermath of the war and the Paris Peace Conference, 1919affected the Olympic Games not only due to new states being created, but also by sanctions against the nations that lost the war and were blamed for starting it.
Budapest had initially been selected to host the Games over
Amsterdamand Lyon, but as the Austro-Hungarian Empirehad been a German ally in the First World War, the Games were transferred to Antwerp in April 1919. Hungary, Germany, Austria, Bulgariaand Turkeywere also banned from competing in the Games. Germany remained banned until 1925, and instead hosted a series of games called Deutsche Kampfspiele, starting with the Winter edition of 1922 (which predated the first Winter Olympics).
* These Olympics were the first in which the
Olympic Oathwas uttered, the first in which doves were released to symbolize peace, and was the first time the Olympic Flagwas flown.
* The USA won 41 Gold, 27 Silver, and 27 Bronze medals, the most won by any of the 29 nations attending. Sweden, Great Britain, Finland and Belgium rounded out the five most successful medal-winning nations.
* The Games also featured a week of winter sports, with
figure skatingand ice hockeymaking their Olympic debut.
Duke Kahanamokuretained the 100 m swimming title he won before the war.
Nedo Nadiwon 5 gold medals in the fencing events.
* At the age of 72, Sweden's running deer double-shot event champion
Oscar Swahnwon in the team event to become the oldest Olympic champion ever.
Paavo Nurmiwon the 10,000 m and 8,000 m cross country races, took another gold in team cross country, and a silver in 5,000 m run. His contributions for Finland broke the U.S. dominance record in track and field with 9 medals.
* In a unique moment in Olympic history, the 12-foot dinghy event in sailing was held in two different countries. The final two races in the event were held in the
Netherlands, as the only two competitors in the event were Dutch. [http://www.olympic.org/uk/games/past/index_uk.asp?OLGT=1&OLGY=1920]
International Olympic Committee
IOC country codes
* [http://www.olympic.org/uk/games/past/index_uk.asp?OLGT=1&OLGY=1920 IOC Antwerp 1920 Page]
* [http://www.flanderstoday.eu/jahia/Jahia/pid/2223 Flanders Today article on the 1920 Antwerp Olympics]
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