Battle of La Mesa


Battle of La Mesa

Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Battle of La Mesa


caption=
partof=the Mexican-American War
date=January 9, 1847
place=Vernon, California
result=American victory
combatant1=United States of America
combatant2=Mexico
Californios
commander1=Robert F. Stockton
Stephen Watts Kearny
commander2=José Mariá Flores
strength1=U.S. naval and army forces
457 sailors, marines
and dragoons
strength2=Californios
20 dragoons
40 soldiers
casualties1= 1 killed, 5 wounded
casualties2= 15 killed, 25 wounded

The Battle of La Mesa occurred on January 9, 1847, in present-day Vernon, California, the day after the Battle of Rio San Gabriel. At La Mesa, the outgunned and vastly outnumbered Californios killed one American and wounded five others in the force commanded jointly by Commodore Robert F. Stockton and General Stephen Watts Kearny. The American force was largely on foot but had rifles, while the Californios fought on horseback with only lances. In the battle, the Californios suffered 15 dead and 25 wounded. After a day of charging and outflanking the American soldiers, the Californios fell back in exhaustion and camped at present-day Pasadena, ceding Los Angeles to Stockton's forces.

The battle was the last armed resistance to the American advance in California, and General José Mariá Flores returned to Mexico. The conquest and annexation of Alta California was settled with the signing of the Treaty of Cahuenga by US Army Lieutenant-Colonel John C. Frémont and Californio General Andres Pico on January 13, 1847. Many historians now agree that the final surrender of the Califorios was brought about by the unscrupulous American military strategy of gathering up hundreds of California natives, the wives, children and relatives of the Californios, as hostagesFact|date=November 2007.

ee also

*List of conflicts in the United States
*Battles of the Mexican-American War

References

Bancroft, Hubert Howe (1882). The Works of Hubert Howe Bancroft. San Francisco: A.L. Bancroft & Co. ISBN 2539133.


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