Bakar


Bakar

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Bakar
other_name =
settlement_type = Town
motto =



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image_caption = Old part of Bakar, Croatia


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pushpin_map_caption = Location within Croatia
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subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = flag|Croatia
subdivision_type1 = County
subdivision_name1 = Primorje-Gorski Kotar
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leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Desimir Širola
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population_as_of = 2001
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population_metro =1,566
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timezone = CET
utc_offset = +1
timezone_DST = CEST
utc_offset_DST = +2
latd=45 |latm=19|lats= |latNS=N
longd=14 |longm=32 |longs= |longEW=E
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postal_code_type = Postal code
postal_code = 51222
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Bakar ( _it. Buccari) is a town in the Primorje-Gorski Kotar county in western Croatia. The population of the town is 1,566 (2001), while the population of the municipality is 7,773. 90% declare themselves Croats (2001). The old part of Bakar is situated on a hill overlooking the Bay of Bakar. "Bakar" is the Croatian word for copper.Bakar is a port for bulk cargo and used to be known for its industrial complex that included coke factory which produced considerable amount of pollution. Bakar coke factory was closed in 1995 and since then Bakar pollution subsided significantly.

City villages

Bakar, Hreljin, Krasica, Kukuljanovo, Plosna, Ponikve, Praputnjak, Skrljevo and Zlobin.

Coat of arms

Bakar was granted its coat of arms and town privileges in 1799 by Empress Maria Theresa. The coat of arms was in the artistic style typical for the period, with a cartouche with large landscapes and ornamentation around the shield within a circular inscription.

The coat of arms features a checkered top with three local castles and an anchor colored in black on the bottom. The checkered red and white are at the top, the dark blue sky, the green grass and the gray stone castles are in the middle and the orange part is at the bottom.

Recognizable buildings

1.) Turkish house: built by an unknown architect, possibly in 14 century, this peculiar building resembles Ottoman architecture. Following 1965 reconstruction the house served as an artistic atelier.

2.) Roman house: former monastery, built in XVIII century

3.) Parish church of St. Andrew the Apostle: originally built in XII century and destroyed in 1323 by earthquake. In the middle ages its catacombs were used for wealthy people to hide from plague that passed the city. It is the third largest late Baroque church in Croatia.

4.) Kaštel (Castel): A castle built in 16 century by the order of Emperor Ferdinand I and used as a protection against the Turks. It has three kitchens, two dungeons, little chapel of St. Michael, and many other rooms.

Trivia

In 1972 director Radley Metzger filmed his movie Score in Bakar, Croatia.


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Look at other dictionaries:

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