History of Reddish


History of Reddish

There is evidence of activity around Reddish – a settlement in Greater Manchester, England – before the Norman conquest in the presence of Nico Ditch and some Saxon coins. The recorded history of Reddish begins at the turn of the 13th century when it was documented as "Redich". Reddish remained a predominantly rural settle throughout the medieval period, but expanded to become a mixed industrial and residential area during the 19th century. It developed rapidly during the Industrial Revolution, and still retains landmarks from that period, such as Houldsworth Mill.

Geography and administration

Reddish borders Heaton Chapel and Brinnington in Stockport, Denton in Tameside, and Gorton and Levenshulme in the City of Manchester.

The extents have been well-defined for at least several hundred years. Reddish was a township in the ancient parish of Manchester, but it lay outside the manor of Manchester. This had the effect that boundaries of Reddish were described by the boundaries of the manor of Manchester, with the exception of that with Cheshire, which was the River Tame. The manor boundaries were surveyed and recorded in 1322, and the relevant part was: [cite book | last = Farrer | first = William | authorlink = | title = Record Society for the publication of Original Documents relating to Lancashire and Cheshire. Vol LIV. Lancashire Inquests, Extents, and Feudal Aids. Part II | year = 1907 | publisher = The Record Society | location = | pages = pp 65–6]

"Mere" means boundary in this context. The description was traced into early twentieth century features by Crofton [cite journal | last = Crofton | first = H T | year = 1905 | title = Agrimensorial remains around Manchester | journal = Transactions of the Lancashire and Cheshire Antiquarian Society | volume = 23 | issue = | pages = pp 112–71
cite book | last = Crofton | first = H T | title = NS 52 A history of Newton chapelry in the ancient parish of Manchester | year = 1904 | publisher = Chetham Society | location = Manchester
] and can be cast as:

However, Black Brook cannot be le Merebroke as it does not flow to the Tame, but joins Cringle Brook, which flows into the Mersey several miles away via Chorlton Brook. With this exception, Crofton’s interpretation of the 1322 boundaries matches those shown on Ordnance Survey maps of the 1800s.

Administratively, Reddish became an urban district in 1894. By 1901 the neighbouring County Borough of Stockport had effectively run out of land, and was overflowing into abutting districts. In 1901, after petitioning the Local Government Board, Stockport expanded into several areas including the whole of Reddish, described by Arrowsmith as Stockport's "greatest prize". [Arrowsmith (1997), p. 239. Astle, pp 73–4. Cronin (2000), p. 8, 35.
cite book | last = Youngs | first = F | title = Local Administrative Units: Northern England | year = 1991 | publisher = Royal Historical Society | location = London | pages = p 196 Cited at cite web | url = http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/relationships.jsp?u_id=10376981 | title = Reddish Tn/CP Lancashire through time | work = A Vision of Britain through Time | publisher = Great Britain Historical GIS Project | accessdate = 2006-10-05
] Stockport gained Reddish’s tax income and building land, and in return Reddish received several civic amenities. A council school opened in 1907, [Astle p [http://interactive.stockport.gov.uk/Heritage/Astle's%20History%20of%20Stockport/00000102.PDF 49] (PDF).] and a combined fire station, free library, and baths opened in stages during 1908 (Cronin identifies a small building at the rear as a mortuary). [Arrowsmith p 239. Astle pp [http://interactive.stockport.gov.uk/Heritage/Astle's%20History%20of%20Stockport/00000102.PDF 49] , [http://interactive.stockport.gov.uk/Heritage/Astle's%20History%20of%20Stockport/00000132.PDF 77] , [http://interactive.stockport.gov.uk/Heritage/Astle's%20History%20of%20Stockport/00000134.PDF 79] , [http://interactive.stockport.gov.uk/Heritage/Astle's%20History%20of%20Stockport/00000151.PDF 94] (PDF). Cronin (2000), p. 35-6.] The council opened new municipal parks at Mid Reddish (on land presented by Houldsworth) and at South Reddish. [Astle p [http://interactive.stockport.gov.uk/Heritage/Astle's%20History%20of%20Stockport/00000135.PDF 80] (PDF).] A park at North Reddish followed, described in 1932 as “recently laid out, provid(ing) a number of horticultural features combined with recreation facilities, and illustrat(ing) the layout of a modern recreation park”. [Stockport Advertiser History of Stockport, 1922–1932, being a supplement to the Advertiser centenary history 1822–1922, pp [http://interactive.stockport.gov.uk/Heritage/Astle's%20History%20of%20Stockport/00000012.PDF 7] , [http://interactive.stockport.gov.uk/Heritage/Astle's%20History%20of%20Stockport/00000023.PDF 18] (PDF).] At that time, the Stockport Canal and the Reddish Iron Works made up two of the park’s boundaries.

The separate civil parish was merged into Stockport parish in 1935.The County of Chester Review Order, 1936; 1 April 1935 The Stockport Extension Act, 1934. Cited at cite web | url = http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/relationships.jsp?u_id=10376981 | title = Reddish Tn/CP Lancashire through time | work = A Vision of Britain through Time | publisher = Great Britain Historical GIS Project | accessdate = 2006-10-05] Reddish's position north of the Tame means it was historically part of Lancashire.cite book | last = Youngs | first = F | title = Local Administrative Units: Northern England | year = 1991 | publisher = Royal Historical Society | location = London | pages = p 689 Cited at cite web | url = http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/relationships.jsp?u_id=10220464 | title = Reddish UD Lancashire through time | work = A Vision of Britain through Time | publisher = Great Britain Historical GIS Project | accessdate = 2006-10-05] On the merger with Stockport in 1901 the boundary between Lancashire and Cheshire was moved to place it in Cheshire. [cite book | author = Green, Judith A. and Lander, S. J. | chapter = Table of population | editor = Harris, B. E. (ed) | title = A History of the county of Chester | publisher = Oxford University Press for the Institute of Historical Research | location = Oxford | year = 1979 | pages = p 188 | isbn = 0-19-722749-X | quote = In 1901 Reddish U.D. and part of Heaton Norris C.p were transferred from Lancashire to Cheshire, and a further part of Heaton Norris was added in 1913] In 1974 Stockport and several adjacient territories became a unified metropolitan borough in the newly-created metropolitan county of Greater Manchester.

History

Toponymy

Reddish is recorded as Redich (1205, 1212), Redych, Radich (1226), Radish, Rediche (1262), Redditch (1381), Redwyche, Radishe and Reddishe (1500s).Farrer and Brownbill, [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=41435 pp 326–9] .] Booker, p 197.] The name either means "reedy ditch" (OE "hrēod-dīc") or "red ditch" (OE "rēad-dīc"). Ekwall (1922) allows either form, stating "red" is less probable; Mills (1991) and Arrowsmith (1997) only give the "reed" option. [cite book | last = Ekwall | first = E | title = NS 81 The place-names of Lancashire | year = 1922 | publisher = Chethams | location = Manchester | pages = p 30
cite book | last = Mills | first = A D | authorlink = | coauthors = | title = Dictionary of English Place-Names (2nd ed) | year = 1997 | publisher = Oxford University Press | location = Oxford | isbn = 0-19-280074-4 | pages = p 285
] Arrowsmith (1997), p. .] The ditch referred to is possibly the Nico Ditch, an earthwork of uncertain origin bordering Reddish, Manchester and Denton. [Hartwell "et al", p 197.] Folklore has it that the names Gorton and Reddish arose from a battle between Saxons and Danes. [cite book | author = Harland, John | coauthors = Wilkinson, Thomas Turner | title = Lancashire Legends, Traditions | publisher = Llanerch Press | location = | year = 1993 | origdate = 1873 | pages = pp 26–9 | isbn = 1-897853-06-8
cite web | url = http://www.gortonnews.org.uk/archive/newsletterjan04.PDF | title = The battle of Gorton | accessdate = 2006-04-20 | author = Higson, John | coauthors = Jeff Goldthorpe | date = January 2004 | work = Gorton News | publisher =
] John Higson wrote in 1852

Farrer and Brownbill dismiss this interpretation as "popular fancy". [Farrer and Brownbill, [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=41420#n1 pp 275–279, footnote 1.] "Out of Gore-ton and Red-ditch, with the help of the intervening Nico Ditch, popular fancy has made the story of a great battle in the neighbourhood; Harland and Wilkinson, "Traditions of Lancs". 26"]

Pre-Norman Conquest

Reddish is not rich in history. Nico (or Nicker) Ditch, which skirts the north end of the area forming part of the border with the City of Manchester, is pre-Norman and visible in places.cite book |author=Mike Nevell |date=1992 |title=Tameside Before 1066 |pages=77-83 |publisher=Tameside Metropolitan Borough Council |isbn=1-871324-07-6] Six coins from the reigns of the Anglo-Saxon English Kings Edmund (reigned 939–946) and Eadred (reigned 946–955) were found during ploughing at Reddish Green in 1789. [cite book | editor = Morris, Mike | title = Medieval Manchester; A Regional Study. The Archaeology of Greater Manchester volume 1 | publisher = Greater Manchester Archaeological Unit | location = Manchester | isbn = 0-946126-02-X | pages = pp 13–15 | quote = … foolhardy to attempt any historical interpretation of the pre-tenth century evidence. (it) could represent an isolated incident.] There is contrasting source material about the significance of this; Arrowsmith takes this as evidence for existence of a settlement at that time, but Morris states the find could be "an isolated incident".

1066 to late 18th century

Reddish does not appear in the Domesday survey, in common with most of the then southeast Lancashire area. [Hartwell "et al", p 18.] A corn mill is known to have existed at the junction of Denton Brook and the River Tame from about 1400 onwards. [Downham, p 142.] The two main mediaeval houses were Reddish Hall at gbmapping|SJ899932 (demolished 1780, but visible on maps dated 1840) and Hulme Hall at gbmapping|SJ889926, later known as Broadstone, then Broadstone Hall (demolished 1945Cronin (2000), p. 45.] ). The Reddish family were major landowners in the area from at least 1212 to 1613 when title passed by marriage to the Coke family. It passed down the family to Thomas Coke, 1st Earl of Leicester who sold his land in Reddish at the end of the 18th century, and in 1808 it was bought by Robert Hyde Greg and John Greg. There were Hulmes in Reddish in the 13th century, and the land passed through the family until about 1700 when it was given to a charitable trust.

Very few buildings in Reddish pre-date the nineteenth century. Canal Bridge Farm, close to Broadstone Mill, is dated to the mid to late 18th century (the name is later). [cite web | url = http://www.stockport.gov.uk/content/business/regeneration/historicareasregeneration/Conservation1/conservationareas/houldsworthtextapp?a=5441 | title = Houldsworth Conservation Area Character Appraisal | accessdate = 2007-09-21 | date = April 2007 | format = PDF | work = Stockport MBC webpages | publisher = Stockport MBC] Hartwell dates a small group of farm buildings and cottages at Shores Fold, near the junction of Nelstrop Road and Marbury Road, to the sixteenth and late seventeenth to early eighteenth century. These would have been on the traditional Reddish – Heaton Norris border, but are now firmly inside Heaton Chapel. [Hartwell "et al", p 230.]

Industrial Revolution

The Stockport Branch Canal passed through Reddish and opened in 1797. [Cited in many places, eg Downham [http://interactive.stockport.gov.uk/Heritage/Astle's%20History%20of%20Stockport/00000202.PDF p 144] .] It seems to have had little effect by 1825, when Corry's description of Reddish, in full, was "The population of Reddish is but thin". [cite book | last = Corry | first = John | title = The history of Lancashire, Volume 1 | origyear = 1825 | url = http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/MOME?af=RN&ae=U104587369&srchtp=a&ste=14 | accessdate = 2006-10-01 | year = 2006 | publisher = Thomson Gale] Booker describes Reddish in 1857 as almost entirely agricultural, being made up of meadow and pasture (formatnum:1320 acres); arable land (90 acres); wood and water (50 acres); and buildings and streets (44 acres). At that time, Reddish contained "neither post-office, schoolmaster, lawyer, doctor, nor pawnshop". [Booker, p 200, repeated verbatim by Farrer & Brownbill.] The population increased over tenfold in the next 50 years with the Industrial Revolution.

The water-powered calico printworks in Reddish Vale on the River Tame is known to have been working before 1800. Industrial development followed the line of the canal [ Downham, p 149.] and was steam-powered throughout. A variety of manufacturers moved into Reddish during this period.

Robert Hyde Greg and John Greg, sons of Samuel Greg of Quarry Bank Mill, who owned about a third of Reddish by 1857, [Booker, p 201.] opened Albert Mills for cotton spinning in 1845. Moor Mill, manufacturing knitting machines, was built around the same time. William Houldsworth’s Reddish Mill for cotton spinning was opened in 1864. Hanover Mill was built in 1865 for cotton spinning, but in 1889 was converted to make silk, velvet, woven fur etc.

’s printworks opened in 1899. Craven Bothers’ engineering works, making cranes, opened in 1900. Broadstone Spinning Company opened a large double mill in 1906/7. These major employers were accompanied by numerous smaller concerns, including dyeworks, bleachworks, wire ropeworks, brickworks, screw manufacturers, makers of surveying equipment, and a tobacco factory. [Downham.]

A small number of closures of major industrial employers took place in the first half of the twentieth century, due to the ebb and flow of trade. Andrew's Gas Engine Works was taken over in 1905 by Richard Hornsby & Sons of Grantham, [Astle.] cite book | last = Newman | first = Bernard | title = One hundred years of good company | date = 1957 | publisher = Ruston & Hornsby | location = Lincoln | pages = 75–6] the business was transferred to Grantham and the Reddish works closed some time during the great depression following WWI. Cronin indicates that the works were still in operation in 1930. [Cronin (2000), p. 82.] The Atlas wire rope works closed in 1927. [Asmore (1975), p. 45, 86.]

Reddish suffered during the decline in Lancashire cotton production and finishing. Broadstone Mills ceased production in 1959; [Holden p 168, Ashmore p 84, Arrowsmith (1997), p. 258.] Reddish Mills closed in 1958 with the loss of 350–400 jobs; [Cronin (2000), p. 58.] [cite news | title = Two cotton mills to close | work = The Times | publisher = The Times | page = 10 | date = 28 October 1958] Spur Mill followed in 1972; [Ashmore p 85, Cronin (2000), p. 79.] and the long-lived Reddish Vale printworks closed by 1975; [Asmore (1975), p. 85.] Albert Mill continued to trade as R. Greg and co under new ownership, but finally closed in 1982. [Cronin (2000), p. 82.
cite news | title = Vantona Group's Albert spinning mill in South Reddish, near Stockport, is to close with the loss of about 200 jobs. | work = The Guardian | publisher = | date = 22 July 1982
] Ashmore wrote in 1975 that "Stockport has ceased to be a cotton town." [Asmore (1975), p. 27.]

The decline of Broadstone Mills was accompanied by high farce. In November 1958 the company sold a number of spinning mules as scrap for just over £3,000. By agreement, the machines remained in the mill over the winter. A small number had been broken and removed by April 1959, when the government announced a compensation package for firms that agreed to scrap spinning capacity. As ownership of the mules had passed to the scrapman, it was decided that the company was not entitled to compensation amounting to over £60,000, despite the fact that the machinery was still on its premises. Actions in the High Court and the Court of Appeal in 1965 were fruitless. [cite news | title = Source of rueful reflection | work = The Times | publisher = The Times | page = 5 | date = 24 March 1965
cite news | title = Eliminated too soon | work = The Times | publisher = The Times | page = 5 | date = 19 October 1965
]

Some of the mills vacated by the spinners found other uses. The Reddish Spinning Company's mill was taken over by Friedland who became the world's largest manufacture of doorbells; an extension to the mill won several architectural awards. [cite news | title = Now MBB spotlight will fall on Europe | work = Manchester Evening News | publisher = | date = 3 August 1994 | quote = CARADON Friedland of Reddish, the world's leading maker of doorbells and chimes ...] The mill is now residential. Broadstone Mill was partly demolished, but now houses small commercial units. [cite news | title = Opportunities knock for entrepreneur Richard | url = http://www.manchestereveningnews.co.uk/business/s/231/231151_opportunities_knock_for_entrepreneur_richard.html | format = | work = Manchester Evening News | publisher = Manchester Evening News | date = 19 December 2006 | accessdate = 2007-01-02] Regeneration efforts at Houldsworth Mill were instrumental in Stockport Council winning British Urban Regeneration Association's award for best practice in regeneration. [cite news | title = Stockport awarded Houldsworth honour | url = http://www.manchestereveningnews.co.uk/business/s/179/179995_stockport_awarded_houldsworth_honour.html | work = Manchester Evening News | publisher = Manchester Evening News | date = 1 November 2005 | accessdate = 2006-11-10] £12 million has been spent to convert the mill into mixed use. [cite web | url = http://www.princes-regeneration.org/pmwiki.php?n=RTH.HouldsworthMill | title = Houldsworth Mill : The Prince’s Regeneration Trust | accessdate = 2006-11-10 | date = 17 October 2006 | work = | publisher = The Prince’s Regeneration Trust] The area around Houldsworth Mill is now designated as a conservation area. [cite web | url = http://www.stockport.gov.uk/content/business/regeneration/historicareasregeneration/Conservation1/conservationareas/houldsworthca?a=5441 | title = Stockport Metropolitan Borough Council - Houldsworth (1981) | accessdate = 2006-11-10 | work = Stockport MBC web pages | publisher = Stockport Metropolitan Borough Council
cite web | url = http://www.manchesteronline.co.uk/business/commercialproperty/s/144/144599_60m_scheme_to_launch_reddish_urban_village.html | title = £60m scheme to launch Reddish urban village | accessdate = 2006-11-10 | date = 1 February 2005 | work = Manchester Online | publisher = GMG Regional Digital
]

Brewing, pubs and clubs

] David Pollard's eponymous brewery opened in the former print works in Reddish Vale in 1975, moving out to Bredbury in 1978; the business went into liquidation in 1982.cite book | editor = Jones, Rhys P (ed) | title = Viaduct and vaults: a celebration of Stockport's pubs | year = 1991 | location = St Albans | publisher = CAMRA Ltd | isbn = 1-85249-054-3 | pages = p 43] The small 3 Rivers Brewery has been brewing in Reddish since August 2003. [cite web | url = http://www.3riversbrewery.co.uk/history.html | title = History page | accessdate = 2006-10-30 | publisher = 3 Rivers Brewery]

The pub stock is not well-regarded: "Never offering the best selection of pubs in the borough, it is now easily the worst area for real ale availability ..." cite web | url = http://www.stockportpubs.org.uk/areas3.html#REDD | title = Stockport Pub Guide M–Z | accessdate = 2006-10-30 | last = Edwardson | first = Peter | date = 28 October 2006] is a typical description. It has been suggested that this may be a consequence of Robert Hyde Greg's disapproval of alcohol, (due to the alcoholism of an uncle of his father, see also Samuel Greg). Of the nine pubs in Reddish, two are currently closed and boarded up

The pubs are supplemented by several working men's and political clubs. The Houldsworth WMC was awarded a blue plaque by Stockport MBC in December 2006. [cite web | url = http://www.stockport.gov.uk/content/councildemoc/council/campaigns/blueplaquewinners/ | title = Blue Plaque Winners | accessdate = 2007-02-08 | work = Stockport MBC web site] Reddish WMC was founded by in 1845 by millowner Robert Hyde Greg as a Mechanics Institute and Library. Its members claim it to be the oldest club registered with the CIU. [In the early stages of the blue plaque campaign that saw the Houldsworth WMC honoured, the council's web site mistakenly listed and described Reddish WMC. The web page was originally at [http://www.stockport.gov.uk/content/councildemoc/council/campaigns/blueplaqueselection/reddishworkingmensclub www.stockport.gov.uk/content/councildemoc/council/campaigns/blueplaqueselection/reddishworkingmensclub] , now removed, and stated "The club was founded by Robert Hyde Greg in 1845 as a Mechanics Institute and Library and located within the Albert Mills. It was acknowledged to be the oldest club on the Club and Institute Union Register. From 1878, it occupied part of the Albert British School until 1891, when a new building was erected on the present site."
cite news | first = Alex | last = Scapens | title = Club celebrates its 150 year history | url = http://www.stockportexpress.co.uk/news/s/532/532001_club_celebrates_its_150_year_history.html | work = Stockport Express | publisher = M.E.N media | date = 29 August 2007 | accessdate = 2007-09-21
]

Transport

Canal

The Ashton Canal and the Stockport Branch Canal were built to join Manchester and Stockport to the coal mines in Oldham and Ashton-under-Lyne. The branch was dependent on the main for its utility, and hence its planning, passing through parliament, and construction came after that of the main. The main and the branch opened in 1796. The branch was just under five miles (8 km) long, and left the Ashton Canal at Clayton, passed through Gorton and Reddish, and terminated just over the boundary in Heaton Norris, adjacent to what was then the main turnpike between Manchester and Stockport. The Beat Bank Branch Canal was planned as a sub-branch and was intended to cross Reddish Vale to a colliery at Denton, but the scheme was abandoned by 1798. [Arrowsmith (1997), p. 161.] Asmore (1975), p. 58-70.] .] By 1827 the canal was bringing coal to Stockport from as far as Norbury and Poynton. [cite book | last = Butterworth | first = James | title = A history and description of the towns and parishes of Stockport, Ashton-under-Lyne, Mottram-Long-den-Dale and Glossop | year = 1827–8 | location = Manchester | pages = pp 250, 282]

The canal was purchased by the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway in 1848. Traffic declined and the canal was described as derelict as early as 1922. [Downham.] Commercial traffic ceased in the 1930s and the canal was declared officially closed in 1962 and filled in. [Arrowsmith (1997), p. 263.]

Turnpike

The road currently designated the B6167 (Sandy Lane, Reddish Road, Gorton Road, and Reddish Lane) was turnpiked by the Manchester, Denton and Stockport Trust following an Act of 1818. [Arrowsmith (1997), p. 160.]

Rail

The history of the development of rail infrastructure in the UK is complicated, with lines and stations being built by a myriad of railway companies and joint ventures. Routes did not always follow the best path, but were created, altered, or blocked through lobbying of parliament by interested parties intent on protecting their interests and preventing competition. Due to their strategic position between Manchester and London, Stockport and Reddish played their parts. Reddish played host to three railway lines, two railway stations, and a traction depot.

To improve readability, the names of the stations and lines are the latest (or last) used.

Reddish South

The West Coast Main Line running between Manchester Piccadilly and London via Crewe was opened in 1840–2 by the Manchester and Birmingham Railway (M&B), crossing the Mersey valley on a large viaduct at Stockport. In 1849 a line was opened from the north side of the viaduct via Reddish South and Denton stations to join the Woodhead Line (Piccadilly to Sheffield) of the Sheffield, Ashton-Under-Lyne and Manchester Railway (SA&MR) at Guide Bridge. A short branch went to Denton Colliery. The station at Reddish South contained a large goods yard, and trade through the station played an important role, alongside the canal, in the industrialisation of the area.Arrowsmith (1997), p. 213-6.]

The M&B became part of the London and North Western Railway (LNWR) by 1849: the SA&MR became part of the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway (MS&L) in 1847. At this stage both companies used Piccadilly as their Manchester terminus. The LNWR held a monoply on the important London route.

Reddish North

In 1862 the MS&L built a line from Hyde Junction to near Compstall on the River Goyt. In 1865 this was extended over the river to New Mills, and later joined the Midland Railway's Derbyshire lines. By 1867 Midland trains were running from London to Piccadilly via this (considerably longer) route, providing competition to the LNWR. In 1875 the Sheffield and Midland Railway Companies' Committee, a joint venture between the MS&L and the Midland, opened a new more direct route from near Romiley to Piccadilly, and gave Reddish its second station, Reddish North.

Reddish Electric Depot

The Midland was given notice to leave Piccadilly in the same year that Reddish North opened, and construction of Manchester Central railway station started. The Fallowfield Line was opened in 1892 to allow access from the Woodhead Line to Manchester Central and Trafford Park, and passed through a corner of Reddish. Stations were built just outside Reddish at Hyde Road and Levenshulme South.cite book | last = Johnson | first = E M | title = The Fallowfield line: an illustrated review of the Manchester Central Station line | date = 2000 | publisher = Foxline | location = Romiley | isbn = 1870119-69X | pages = pp 3–6] In 1936 the MS&L's successor, the London and North Eastern Railway, planned to electrify the Woodhead Line and the Fallowfield Line, primarily for shipping coal from Yorkshire, but World War II interrupted progress. After the war, the railways were nationalised as British Rail (BR). The electrification plan was put in place as the Manchester-Sheffield-Wath electric railway, opening in 1954 using a 1500 V DC system. A 400 ft (120 m) depot was constructed at Reddish to maintain the Class 76 and 77 locomotives. However, electrification was not continued beyond the depot to Trafford Park.cite book | last = Suggitt | first = Gordon | authorlink = | title = Lost railways of Merseyside and Greater Manchester | date = 2004 | publisher = Countryside Books | location = Newbury | isbn = 1-85306-869-1 | pages = p 134] Shortly afterwards, BR adopted the 25 kV AC system for electrification, with the effect that the Woodhead Line "passed very quickly from ultra-modern to obsolescent."cite book | last = Hulme | first = Charles | authorlink = | title = Rails of Manchester: a short history of the city's rail network | date = 1991 | publisher = John Rylands University Library of Manchester | location = Manchester | isbn = 0-86373-105-8 | pages = p 24]

Local passenger services stopped using the Fallowfield Line in 1958 (though through trains continued until 1969). The Beeching Report of 1963 recommended that the Woodhead Line be retained and the Hope Valley line (serving Reddish North Station) closed; in 1966 BR controversially implemented the reverse.

The depot was used to house the prestiguous Midland Pullman in the early 1960s and continued to service locomotives until it and the Woodhead Line were closed in 1981. Despite rumours that the depot would be used to service the Manchester Metrolink, the depot fully closed in 1983, was quickly vandalised, and has been demolished. The Fallowfield line closed completely in 1988 and the track was taken up. [cite book | last = Johnson | first = E M | title = Woodhead: Manchester London Road, Gorton, Guide Bridge, Glossop and the Longdendale Valley Pt. 1 | year = 1997 | publisher = Foxline | location = Romiley | isbn = 1-870119-43-6 | pages = p 37]

Demographics

Some housing built by factory owners for their employees remains. Greg Street, Birkdale Road, and Broadstone Hall Road South have mid-nineteenth century terraces built by the Gregs for the workers at their (demolished) Victoria and Albert Mills. [Ashmore pp 28, 84. Cronin (2000), p. 7 41.] Furnival Street was built in 1886 to house workers at the (demolished) Furnival’s ironworks [Cronin (2000), p. 7, 12.] The largest collection is that built by Houldsworth near to his Reddish Mill, even though only Liverpool Street and Houldsworth Street remain after clearance in about 1974. [Asmore (1975), p. 28-9.] The houses on Houldsworth Street, directly facing the mill, are grander, and would have been for the higher placed workers. [Cronin (2000), p. 40-1. Hartwell "et al", p 582.]

Of the 1907 facilities provided by Stockport, only the library is still open, though under threat of closure. [cite news | first = Paul | last = Maher | title = Anger at plans to close library | url = http://www.stockportexpress.co.uk/news/s/524/524272_anger_at_plans_to_close_library.html | work = Stockport Express | publisher = M.E.N media | date = 7 March 2007 | accessdate = 2007-09-21] The baths closed in 2005; there is a campaign to reopen them,cite web | url = http://www.reddishbaths.org.uk | title = Friends of Reddish Baths | accessdate = 2006-11-10 | work = ] but it does not have the backing of the council.cite news | title = Councillors pull plug on residents’ bath takeover | url = http://www.stockportexpress.co.uk/news/s/211/211047_councillors_pull_plug_on_residents_bath_takeover.html | format = | work = Stockport Express | publisher = Guardian Media Group | date = 30 March 2006 | accessdate = 2006-11-10] The ground floor of the fire station is used as a community centre. The mortuary closed in the 1980s.

References

Bibliography

*cite book | last = Astle | first = William | title = Stockport Advertiser Centenary History of Stockport | origyear = 1922 | url = http://interactive.stockport.gov.uk/Heritage/Astle's%20History%20of%20Stockport/default.asp | accessdate = 2007-09-21 | publisher = The Stockport Advertiser | location = Stockport
*cite book | last = Arrowsmith | first = Peter | authorlink = | title = Stockport: a History | date = 1997 | publisher = Stockport Metropolitan Borough Council | location = Stockport | isbn = 0-905164-99-7
*cite book | last = Ashmore | first = Owen | title = The Industrial Archaeology of Stockport | year = 1975 | publisher = University of Manchester | location = Manchester | isbn = 0-902637-17-7
*cite book | last = Booker | first = John | title = A history of the ancient chapels of Didsbury and Chorlton | year = 1857 | publisher = Chethams | location = Manchester| chapter =
*cite book |last=Crofton | first = H T | title = NS 52 A history of Newton chapelry in the ancient parish of Manchester | year = 1904 | publisher = Chetham Society | location = Manchester
*cite book | last = Cronin | first = Jill | title = Images of England: Reddish | year = 2000 | publisher = Tempus Publishing | location = Stroud | isbn = 0-7524-1878-5
*cite book | last = Downham | first = W A | editor = Astle, William (ed.) | title = Stockport Advertiser Centenary History of Stockport | origyear = 1922 | url = | accessdate = | publisher = The Stockport Advertiser | location = Stockport | chapter = Chapter XIII
*cite book | last = Farrer | first = William | coauthors = Brownbill, John | editor = | others = | title = The Victoria history of the county of Lancaster. - Lancashire. Vol.4 | origyear = 1911 | url = http://www.british-history.ac.uk/source.asp?pubid=288 | accessdate = | accessyear = | accessmonth = | edition = | date = | year = 2003–2006 | publisher = University of London & History of Parliament Trust | location = | pages = | chapter = | chapterurl =
*cite book | last = Hartwell | first = Clare | authorlink = | coauthors = Matthew Hyde, Nikolaus Pevsner | editor = | others = | title = Lancashire: Manchester and the South-East | year = 2004 | publisher = Yale University Press | location = New Haven and London | isbn = 0-300-10583-5

Notes


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