Tom Morris, Sr.


Tom Morris, Sr.

Thomas Mitchell "Tom" Morris, Sr. (16 June 1821 – 24 May 1908), otherwise known as Old Tom Morris, was one of the pioneers of professional golf. He was born in St Andrews, Fife, Scotland, the "home of golf" and location of the St Andrews Links and died there as well. His son Tom Morris, Jr. (d. 1875), best-known as "Young Tom Morris", was also a champion golfer.

Morris was an apprentice to Allan Robertson, generally regarded as the first professional golfer. He worked as a greenkeeper, clubmaker and course designer, as well as playing tournament golf. He came second in the first Open Championship in 1860, and won the following year. He followed this up with further victories in 1862, 1864 and 1867. He still holds records as the oldest winner of The Open Championship at 46. Also he was part of the only father/son couple being winner and runner-up.cite web|url=http://www.lorringolf.com/OldTomMorris.stm|title=Old Tom Morris|publisher=Lorrin Golf|accessdate=2007-11-18]

Morris played a role in designing courses across the British Isles, including Muirfield, Prestwick, Carnoustie, Moray, Warkworth in Northumberland, in the same year (1891) as Muirfield, Askernish links in South Uist and Rosapenna links in Ireland.cite web|url=http://www.undiscoveredscotland.co.uk/usbiography/mno/oldtommorris.html|title=Old Tom Morris|publisher=Undiscovered Scotland|accessdate=2007-11-18]

There is currently a road in St Andrews, Fife named after him. The 18th hole at St Andrews golf course is named after the golfer in memory of his commitment to the course, and to golf in general.

Tom Morris was also the father of modern Greens-Keeping. He introduced the concept of top-dressing greens and introduced many novel ideas on turf and course management, including actively managing hazards (in the past, bunkers and the like were largely left to their own devices, becoming truly "hazardous"). In course design he standardized the golf course length at 18 holes (St Andrews had at one time been 23 holes), and introduced the concept of each nine holes returning to the club house. He also introduced the modern idea of placing hazards so that the golf ball could be routed around them. Before his times hazards were thought of as obstacles that either had to be carried or were there to punish a wayward ball.

Old Tom Morris held the record for largest margin of victory in a major championship (13 strokes) in the 1862 Open Championship, which stood until Tiger Woods won the 2000 U.S. Open by 15 strokes.

References

External links

* [http://www.wgv.com/hof/member.php?member=1084 World Golf Hall of Fame profile]
* [http://www.hickorygolfers.com/articletemplate.php?art=oldtom.htm Society of Hickory Golfers Profile]
* [http://www.golfhistorian.co.uk David Joy Golf Historian]


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  • Tom Morris, Jr. — Tom Morris, Jr. Young Tom Morris mit dem Championship Gürtel Personalia Nationalität: Schotte Spitzname …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tom Morris — Tom Morris, Sr. Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Tom Morris, Sr. Tom Morris, Sr. (en inglés Old Tom Morris) (St. Andrews, 1821 † St. Andrews, Escocia, 1908) fue un golfista escocés, constructor de palos, arquitecto de campos de golf y greenkeeper.… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Tom morris — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronyme Tom Morris (1821 1908) : golfeur surnommé « Old Tom Morris ». Tom Morris (1851 1875) : golfeur surnommé « Young Tom… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tom Morris, Sr. — Tom Morris, Sr. Tom Morris, Sr. (en inglés Old Tom Morris) (St. Andrews, 1821 † St. Andrews, Escocia, 1908) fue un golfista escocés, constructor de palos, arquitecto de campos de golf y greenkeeper. Empezó su carrera como aprendiz con el… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Tom Morris, Jr. — Tom Morris, Jr. (20 April 1851 ndash; 25 December 1875) otherwise known as Young Tom Morris was one of the pioneers of professional golf. He was born in The Home of Golf , St Andrews, Fife, Scotland, and died on Christmas Day, 1875 at the age of… …   Wikipedia

  • Tom Morris, Jr. — Tom Morris, Jr. Tom Morris, Jr. (conocido también como Young Tom Morris ) fue uno de los pioneros del golf profesional. Nació en St. Andrews, condado de Fife, Escocia, el 20 de abril de 1851 y murió la Navidad de 1875 a los 24 años de edad. Su… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Tom Morris, Jr. — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Tom Morris. Young Tom Morris portant la ceinture de l Open britannique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tom Morris, Sr. — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Tom Morris. Tom Morris, Sr. (1821 – 1908), connu sous le nom de « Old Tom Morris » fut un pionnier du golf professionnel. Il était né à St Andr …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tom Morris — Notable people called Tom Morris include:*Tom Morris, Sr.: Old Tom Morris ; an early golf champion. *Tom Morris, Jr.: Young Tom Morris ; son of the above, also a golf champion. *Tom Morris, the founder of Home Bargains * Tom Morris: Director of… …   Wikipedia

  • Tom Morris —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie différentes personnes partageant un même nom. Patronyme Tom Morris (1821 1908) : golfeur surnommé « Old Tom Morris ». Tom Morris (1851 1875) : golfeur surnommé « Young Tom… …   Wikipédia en Français


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