- Thomas Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer (
24 June 1819- 11 October 1899) was an English civil servantand statistician.
Farrer was the son of Thomas Farrer, a solicitor in
Lincoln's Inn Fields. Born in London, he was educated at Eton Collegeand Balliol College, Oxford, where he graduated in 1840. He was called to the bar at Lincolns Innin 1844, but retired from practice in the course of a few years. He entered the public service in 1850 as secretary to the naval department (renamed the marine department in 1853) of the Board of Trade. In 1865 he was-promoted to be one of the joint secretaries of the Board of Trade, and in 1867 became permanent secretary.
His tenure of this office, which he held for upwards of twenty years, was marked by many reforms and an energetic administration. Not only was he an advanced Liberal in politics, but an uncompromising Free-trader of the strictest school. He was created a baronet for his services at the Board of Trade in 1883, and in 1886 he retired from office. During the same year he published a work entitled "Free Trade versus Fair Trade", in which he dealt with an economic controversy then greatly agitating the public mind. He had already, in 1883, written a volume on "The State in its Relation to Trade".
In 1889 he was co-opted by the Progressives as an alderman of the
London County Council, of which he became vice-chairman in 1890. His efficiency and ability in this capacity were warmly recognized; but in the course of time divergencies arose between his personal views and those of many of his colleagues.The tendency towards socialistic legislation which became apparent was quite at variance with his principles of individual enterprise and responsibility. He consequently resigned his position.
In 1893 he was raised to the peerage as
Baron Farrer. From this time forward he devoted much of his energy and leisure to advocating his views at the Cobden Club, the Political Economy Club, on the platform, and in the press. His efforts were especially directed against the opinions of the Fair Trade League, and upon this and other economic controversies he wrote able, clear, and uncompromising letters, which left no doubt that he still adhered to the doctrines of free trade as advocated by its earliest exponents. In 1898 he published his "Studies in Currency".
Farrer married twice, first in 1854 to Frances Erskine (1825-1870), daughter of the historian and orientalist
William Erskine(1773–1852) and his wife Maitland Mackintosh daughter of James Mackintoshby his first wife. They bore the following children:
* Emma Cecilia "Ida" Farrer (1854-1946), married
Horace Darwin, son of Charles Darwin.
* Thomas Cecil Farrer (1859-1940)
* Claude Farrer (1862-?)
* Noel Maitland Farrer (1867-1929)
Frances died on
15 May 1870. Farrer remarried to his former wife's half-cousin Katherine Euphemia Wedgwood (1839-1931), daughter of Hensleigh Wedgwoodof the Wedgwoodpottery family and his wife Fanny Mackintosh, who was the daughter of Sir James Mackintoshby his second wife.
He died at
Abinger Hall, Dorkingin 1899. He was succeeded in the title by his eldest son Thomas Cecil (1859-1940).
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Farrer Herschell, 1st Baron Herschell — GCB QC (November 2, 1837 March 1, 1899) was Lord Chancellor of Great Britain in 1886, and again from 1892 to 1895.LifeEarly careerHis father was the Rev. Ridley Haim Herschell was a native of Strzelno, in Prussian Poland. When a young man, Ridley … Wikipedia
Thomas Farrer, 2nd Baron Farrer — Thomas Cecil Farrer, 2nd Baron Farrer (25 October 1859 12 April 1940) was the second Baron Farrer. He was the eldest son of Thomas Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer and his first wife Frances Erskine. His daughter Katharine Dianthe Farrer married Edward… … Wikipedia
Henry Northcote, 1st Baron Northcote — The Right Honourable The Lord Northcote GCMG, GCIE, CB, PC 3rd Governor General of Australia … Wikipedia
Albert Stanley, 1st Baron Ashfield — Infobox Person name = Baron Ashfield caption = Baron Ashfield and his daughter Marion at the reopening of the City and South London Railway, 1 December 1924 birth date = 8 August 1874 birth place = New Normanton, Derbyshire death date = 4… … Wikipedia
Edward Bridges, 1st Baron Bridges — Edward Ettingdene Bridges, 1st Baron Bridges, KG, GCB, GCVO, PC, MC (4 August 1892 ndash; 27 August 1969) was a British civil servant. Born in Yattendon in Berkshire, Bridges was the son of Robert Bridges, later Poet Laureate, and Mary Monica… … Wikipedia
Baron Farrer — was a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom created on 22 June 1893 for the statistician and civil servant Thomas Farrer. The barony became extinct on the death of the 5th Baron on 16 December 1964. Barons Farrer (1893)*Thomas Henry Farrer,… … Wikipedia
Thomas Cecil (disambiguation) — Thomas Cecil may refer to: *Thomas Cecil, 1st Earl of Exeter, Lord Burghley and minister to Elizabeth I of England *Thomas Cecil Alexander, founder of the Scouts *Thomas Cecil Farrer, 2nd Baron Farrer *Thomas Cecil Gray *Thomas Cecil Howitt… … Wikipedia
Baron Bridges — Baron Bridges, of Headley in the County of Surrey and of Saint Nicholas at Wade in the County of Kent, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1957 for the prominent civil servant Sir Edward Bridges. He was Cabinet… … Wikipedia
Oliver Farrer, 4th Baron Farrer — Oliver Thomas Farrer, 4th Baron Farrer, 4th Baronet DL JP (5 October 1904 24 January 1954) was the fourth Baron Farrer. He was born in 1904, the second of Thomas Farrer, 2nd Baron Farrer by his second wife Evangeline (née Knox), daughter of… … Wikipedia
Sir Thomas Barlow, 3rd Baronet — Commodore Sir Thomas Erasmus Barlow, DSC DT, 3rd Bt (23 January 1914 12 October 2003) was an officer in the Royal Navy. Biography Barlow was the eldest son of the Sir Alan Barlow, 2nd Bt, and his wife Nora Darwin. His younger brother was the… … Wikipedia