Hare-Hawes-Cutting Act


Hare-Hawes-Cutting Act

The Hare-Hawes-Cutting Act (1933) was the first US law passed for the decolonization of the Philippines.

By 1932, forces for the creation of this law coalesced around US farmers who were hit by the Great Depression and feared Filipino imports of sugar and coconut oil that were not subject to US tariff law; and Filipinos (such as Manuel L. Quezon) who were seeking Philippine independence. The Hare-Hawes-Cutting Act was passed by the United States Congress in December 1932, but was vetoed by U.S. President Herbert Hoover. Congress then overrode the veto on January 17, 1933.

The law promised Philippine independence after 10 years, but reserved several military and naval bases for the United States, as well as imposing tariffs and quotas on Philippine exports. It also required the Philippine Senate to ratify the law.

Quezon urged the Philippine Senate to reject the bill, which it did, and the Philippine Senate advocated a new bill that won the support of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The result was the Tydings-McDuffie Act of 1934 which was very similar to the Hare-Hawes-Cutting Act except in minor details. The Tydings-McDuffie Act was ratified by the Philippine Senate.

The Philippines was granted independence on July 4, 1946.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hare–Hawes–Cutting Act — ▪ United States history       (1933), the first law setting a specific date for Philippine independence from the United States. It was passed by Congress as a result of pressure from two sources: American farmers, who, during the Great Depression …   Universalium

  • Tydings-McDuffie Act — ▪ United States [1934] (1934),also called  Philippine Commonwealth And Independence Act,    the U.S. statute that provided for Philippine independence, to take effect on July 4, 1946, after a 10 year transitional period of Commonwealth government …   Universalium

  • Bronson M. Cutting — This article is about the American politician Bronson Cutting. See also John Cutting or Francis Cutting Infobox Senator name = Bronson M. Cutting imagesize=150px jr/sr =United States Senator state = New Mexico term start = December 29, 1927 term… …   Wikipedia

  • Bronson M. Cutting — Bronson Murray Cutting (* 23. Juni 1888 in Great River, Suffolk County, New York; † 6. Mai 1935 bei Atlanta, Missouri) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker (Republikanische Partei), der den Bundesstaat New Mexico im US Senat ver …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Commonwealth of the Philippines — Komonwelt ng Pilipinas (tl) Mancomunidad de Filipinas (es) Associated state of the United States Commonwealth …   Wikipedia

  • Philippines — /fil euh peenz , fil euh peenz /, n. (used with a pl. v.) an archipelago of 7083 islands in the Pacific, SE of China: formerly (1898 1946) under the guardianship of the U.S.; now an independent republic. 76,103,564; 114,830 sq. mi. (297,410 sq.… …   Universalium

  • History of the Philippines (1898–1946) — This article covers the history of the Philippines from 1898 to 1946. It spans the Spanish American War which resulted in the United States acquiring sovereignty over the Philippines from Spain via the Treaty of Paris which ended that war, the… …   Wikipedia

  • Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas — Infobox Central bank bank name = Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas bank name in local = image 1 = Php bill 100 back.jpg image title 1 = The Central Bank Complex as depicted on the 100 peso bill image title 2 = headquarters = Manila, Philippines… …   Wikipedia

  • Commonwealth der Philippinen — Das Commonwealth der Philippinen war die politische Bezeichnung des Inselstaates der Philippinen in den Jahren zwischen 1935 und 1946, als das Land einen Commonwealthstatus zu den Vereinigten Staaten besaß. Vor 1935 gehörten die Philippinen zu… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mateo Noriel Luga — General Mateo Noriel Luga is an Ibanag revolutionary, was named one of the 100 prominent natives of Cebu. He was not a Cebuano but an Ibanag from Isabela province who came to Cebu to help the Cebuanos in their struggle against Spain and the… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.