Tilopa


Tilopa

Tilopa (Tibetan; Sanskrit: Talika, 988–1069) was born in either Chativavo (Chittagong), Bengal or Jagora, Bengal. [ [http://www.kagyuoffice.org/kagyulineage.tilopa.html Kagyu Office: Tilopa] ] He was a tantric practitioner and mahasiddha. He developed the "mahamudra" (Tibetan: "phyag rgya chen po") method, a set of spiritual practices that greatly accelerates the process of attaining bodhi (enlightenment).

He is regarded as the human founder of the Kagyu lineage of Tibetan Buddhism and is, in effect, the Buddha Vajradhara.Fact|date=February 2007

Tilopa was born into the brahmin (priestly) caste – according to some sources, a royal family – but he abandoned the monastic life upon receiving orders from a dakini (female buddha whose activity is to inspire practitioners) who told him to adopt a mendicant and itinerant existence. From the beginning, she made it clear to Tilopa that his real parents were not the persons who had raised him, but instead were primordial wisdom and universal voidness. Advised by the dakini, Tilopa gradually took up a monk’s life, taking the monastic vows and becoming an erudite scholar. The frequent visits of his dakini teacher continued to guide his spiritual path and close the gap to enlightenment.

He began to travel throughout India, receiving teachings from many gurus:

* from Saryapa he learned of tummo (inner heat);
* from Nagarjuna he received the radiant light (Sanskrit: "prabhasvara") and illusory body (Sanskrit: "maya deha") teachings (refer Chakrasamvara Tantra), Lagusamvara tantra, or Heruka Abhidharma);
* from Lawapa, the dream yoga;
* from Sukhasiddhi, the teachings on life, death, and the bardo (between life states, and consciousness transference) (phowa);
* from Indrabhuti, he learned of insight (prajna);
* and from Matangi, the resurrection of the dead body.

During a meditation, he received a vision of Buddha Vajradhara and, according to legend, the entirety of mahamudra was directly transmitted to Tilopa. After having received the transmission, Tilopa embarked on a wandering existence and started to teach. He appointed Naropa, his most important student, as his successor.

ix Words of Advice

Tilopa gave Naropa a teaching called the Six Words of Advice, the original Sanskrit or Bengali of which is not extant; the text has reached us in Tibetan translation. In Tibetan, the teaching is called "gnad kyi gzer drug" [Tsele Natsok Rangdröl (tr. Erik Pema Kunsang), "Lamp of Mahamudra: The Immaculate Lamp that Perfectly and Fully Illuminates The Meaning of Mahamudra, The Essence of All Phenomena", Boston & Shaftesbury: Shambhala, 1989, p. 72 and n. 18.] – literally, “six nails of key points” – the aptness of which title becomes clear if one considers the meaning of the English idiomatic expression, “to hit the nail on the head.”

According to Ken McLeod, the text contains exactly six words; the two English translations given in the following table are both attributed to him.

Mahamudra instructions

Tilopa also gave mahamudra instruction to Naropa by means of the song known as “The Ganges Mahamudra,” one stanza of which reads:

:The fool in his ignorance, disdaining Mahamudra,:Knows nothing but struggle in the flood of samsara.:Have compassion for those who suffer constant anxiety!:Sick of unrelenting pain and desiring release, adhere to a master,:For when his blessing touches your heart, the mind is liberated. [ [http://www.keithdowman.net/mahamudra/tilopa.htm Keith Dowman / Tilopa's Instruction to Naropa ] ]

Attachment and enjoyment

One of the most famous and important statements attributed to Tilopa is: “The problem is not enjoyment; the problem is attachment.” Fact|date=February 2007

References

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tilopa — (tib.: ti lo pa; * 988; † 1069) war der bedeutendste indische Vorvater der Kagyü Linie des tibetischen Buddhismus. Er wurde vermutlich in Cittagong als Sohn einer Brahmanen Familie geboren. Inhaltsverze …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tilopa — Tilopa. Statue tibétaine Tilopa (988 1069), Maître indien de la tradition bouddhiste, est l un des maillons de la Lignée du Rosaire d´Or. Son nom vient du mot sanskrit signifiant « graine de sésame » car il gagnait sa vie en broyant du… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tilopa — Portal:Budismo. Contenido relacionado con Budismo. Tilopa (Bengala, 988 1069) fue un practicante tántrico y un mahasiddha budista nacido en Bengala, bien sea en Chativavo (Chittagong) o en Jagora.[1] Desarrolló la doctrina mahamudra, un conjunto… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Tilopa Monk — Tilopâ Monk (* 13. September 1949 als Rüdiger Frank in Lutterloh) ist ein deutscher bildender Künstler, insbesondere bekannt für seine Ölgemälde und Radierungen. Leben und Ausbildung Monk studierte ab 1969 an der Kunstakademie Düsseldorf bei… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tilopâ Monk — (* 13. September 1949 als Rüdiger Frank in Lutterloh; † 23. Juni 2010 in Wuppertal) war ein deutscher bildender Künstler, insbesondere bekannt für seine Ölgemälde und Radierungen. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Ausbildung 2 Ausstellungen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Naropa — For Naropa University in Boulder, Colorado, see Naropa University. Naropa …   Wikipedia

  • Mahasiddha — (Tibetan: གྲུབ་ཐོབ་ཆེན་པོ, Wylie: grub thob chen po; or Tibetan: ཏུལ་ཤུག, Wylie: tul shug; Sanskrit Devanagari: महासिद्ध; IAST: mahāsiddha, maha meaning great and siddha meaning accomplished ) is a term for one who cultivates those… …   Wikipedia

  • Nāropa — (auch: Nāro oder Nārotapa; tib.: nA ro pa; * 1016; † 1100) war ein buddhistischer Meister und einer der 84 Mahasiddhas. Biographie Er wurde im Nordosten Indiens oder Bengalen geboren und wuchs in einer Adelsfamilie auf. Seine Erziehung zielte… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Seis yogas de Naropa — Las Seis Yogas de Naropa (Tib. na ro i chos drug), también conocidas como los Seis Dharmas de Naropa, describen un conjunto de meditaciones budistas tántricas avanzadas compiladas alrededor de la época del monje y místico Indio Naropa (1016 1100) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Naropa — Portal:Budismo. Contenido relacionado con Budismo. Naropa (Tibetano; Sánscrito: Nādapradā, 1016 1100) fue un monje budista y místico de la India, fue discípulo de Tilopa. Naropa fue el maestro principal de Marpa. Naropa forma parte de la… …   Wikipedia Español


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.