Thimbleberry


Thimbleberry

Taxobox
name = Thimbleberry



image_width = 240px
image_caption = A flowering thimbleberry
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
unranked_classis = eudicot
ordo = Rosales
familia = Rosaceae
genus = "Rubus"
subgenus = "Anoplobatus"
species = "R. parviflorus"
binomial = "Rubus parviflorus"
binomial_authority = Nutt.

"Rubus parviflorus" (Thimbleberry) is a species of "Rubus", native to western and northern North America, from Alaska east to Ontario and Michigan, [cite web | url = http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=RUPA | title = Rubus parviflorus Nutt. | publisher = USDA PLANTS ] and south to northern Mexico. It grows from sea level in the north, up to 2,500 m altitude in the south of the range. The plant is said to have given its name to the Thimble Islands in Connecticut, although it is very rarely seen in that region.

It is a dense shrub up to 2.5 m tall with canes 3-15 mm diameter, often growing in large clumps which spread through the plant's underground rhizome. Unlike most other members of the genus, it has no thorns. The leaves are palmate, 5-20 cm across, with five lobes; they are soft and fuzzy in texture. The flowers are 2-6 cm diameter, with five white petals and numerous pale yellow stamens. It produces a tart edible composite fruit 10-15 mm diameter, which ripen to a bright red in mid to late summer. Like other raspberries it is not a true berry, but instead an aggregate fruit of numerous drupelets around a central core; the drupelets may be carefully removed separately from the core when picked, leaving a hollow fruit which bears a resemblance to a thimble, giving the plant its name.

The species typically grows along roadsides, railroad tracks, and in forest clearings, commonly appearing as an early part of the ecological succession in clear cut and forest fire areas.

Uses

Thimbleberry fruits are larger, flatter, and softer than raspberries, and have many small seeds. Because the fruit is so soft, it does not pack or ship well, so thimbleberries are rarely cultivated commercially. However, wild thimbleberries make an excellent jam which is sold as a local delicacy in some parts of their range, notably in the Keweenaw Peninsula of Upper Michigan. Thimbleberry jam is easily made by combining equal volumes of berries and sugar and boiling the mixture for two minutes before packing it into jars.

Thimbleberry plants can be propagated most successfully by planting dormant rhizome segments, as well as from seeds or stem cuttings.

In a pinch, the leaves of the thimbleberry are recognized as a handy "toilet paper". They are large, soft and non-irritating.

References

* [http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?32408 Germplasm Resources Information Network: "Rubus parviflorus"]
* [http://linnet.geog.ubc.ca/Atlas/Atlas.aspx?sciname=Rubus+parviflorus Plants of British Columbia: "Rubus parviflorus"]
* [http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?Rubus+parviflorus Jepson Flora Project: "Rubus parviflorus"]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Thimbleberry — Thim ble*ber ry, n. (Bot.) A kind of black raspberry ({Rubus occidentalis}), common in America. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • thimbleberry — ☆ thimbleberry [thim′bəl ber΄ē ] n. pl. thimbleberries BLACK RASPBERRY …   English World dictionary

  • thimbleberry — smulkiažiedė gervuogė statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Erškėtinių šeimos dekoratyvinis augalas (Rubus parviflorus), paplitęs Šiaurės Amerikoje. atitikmenys: lot. Rubus parviflorus angl. salmonberry; thimbleberry vok. Nutka Himbeere šaltinis… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • thimbleberry — noun Date: 1788 any of several American raspberries or blackberries (especially Rubus occidentalis, R. parviflorus, and R. odoratus) having thimble shaped fruit …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • thimbleberry — /thim beuhl ber ee/, n., pl. thimbleberries. any of several American raspberries bearing a thimble shaped fruit, esp. the black raspberry, Rubus occidentalis. [1780 90, Amer.; THIMBLE + BERRY] * * * …   Universalium

  • thimbleberry — noun a) Common name of Rubus parviflorus, a species of Rubus, native to western and northern North America, from Alaska east to Ontario and Minnesota, and south to northern Mexico. b) The fruit of the above plant …   Wiktionary

  • thimbleberry — noun (plural thimbleberries) a North American blackberry or raspberry with thimble shaped fruit. [Rubus odoratus and related species.] …   English new terms dictionary

  • thimbleberry — thim·ble·berry …   English syllables

  • thimbleberry — thim•ble•ber•ry [[t]ˈθɪm bəlˌbɛr i[/t]] n. pl. ries pln black raspberry …   From formal English to slang

  • thimbleberry — noun 1. raspberry native to eastern North America having black thimble shaped fruit • Syn: ↑black raspberry, ↑blackcap, ↑blackcap raspberry, ↑Rubus occidentalis • Hypernyms: ↑raspberry, ↑raspberry bush …   Useful english dictionary


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