Kingdom of Etruria

Kingdom of Etruria

Infobox Former Country
native_name = Regno di Etruria
conventional_long_name = Kingdom of Etruria
common_name = Etruria
continent = Europe
region = Italy
country = Italy
era = Napoleonic Wars
status = Client state
empire = France
status_text = Client state of the French Empire
event_start = Established
year_start = 1801
date_start = March 21
year_end = 1807
date_end =
event_end =
p1 = Grand Duchy of Tuscany
flag_p1 = State flag of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany.pngs1 = Arno (department)
flag_s1 = Flag of France.svg
s2 = Méditerranée
flag_s2 = Flag of France.svg
s3 = Ombrone (department)
flag_s3 = Flag of France.svg

capital = Florence
government_type = Monarchy
common_languages = Italian
title_leader = King
leader1 = Louis I
year_leader1 = 1801-1803
leader2 = Louis II
year_leader2 = 1803-1807

The Kingdom of Etruria ( _it. Regno di Etruria) was a kingdom comprising the larger part of Tuscany which existed between 1801 and 1807. It took its name from Etruria, the old Roman name for the land of the Etruscans.

It was created by the Treaty of Aranjuez, signed on 21 March 1801. In the context of a larger agreement between Napoleonic France and Spain, the Bourbons of Parma were compensated for the loss of their territories, which had been occupied by French troops since 1796: in return for Ferdinand, Duke of Parma relinquishing his claims, his son Louis was compensated with the Kingdom of Etruria, a new kingdom created out of the old Grand Duchy of Tuscany. To make way for the Bourbons, the Habsburg Grand Duke of Tuscany, Ferdinand III, was ousted and compensated with the secularized land of the Archbishop of Salzburg.

The first King, Louis I, died young in 1803 and his young son Charles Louis succeeded as King Louis II. His mother Maria Louisa of Spain, Queen of Etruria was appointed regent.

In 1807, Napoleon dissolved the Kingdom again and integrated it into France, turning it into three French départements.

The king and his mother were promised the throne of a new Kingdom of Northern Lusitania (in the North of Portugal) but this plan never materialized due to the break between Napoleon and the Spanish Bourbons in 1808.

After Napoleon's downfall in 1814 Tuscany itself was restored to its Habsburg Grand Dukes. In 1815 the Duchy of Lucca was carved out of Tuscany as a temporary compensation for the Bourbons of Parma until in 1847 they could resume their rule over Parma.

ee also

*Medici Family
*House of Habsburg-Lorraine
*House of Bourbon-Parma
*Rulers of Tuscany
*Line of succession to the Tuscan Throne
*History of Tuscany
*Grand Duchy of Tuscany
*Historical states of Italy

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