- Logographer (history)
The logographers (from the
Ancient Greekλογογράφος, "logographos", a compound of λόγος, "logos", here meaning 'story' or 'prose', and γράφω, "grapho", 'write') were the Greek historiographers and chroniclers before Herodotus, "the father of history". Herodotus himself called his predecessors λογοποιόι ("logopoioi", from ποιέω, "poieo", 'to make'). Thucydidesapplies the name to all who preceded him, including Herodotus (I, 21).
Their representatives with one exception came from
Ioniaand its islands, which from their position were most favourably situated for the acquisition of knowledge concerning the distant countries of East and West. They wrote in the Ionic dialectin what was called the unperiodic style (see below) and preserved the poetic character, if not the style, of their epic model. Their criticism amounts to nothing more than a crude attempt to rationalize the current legends and traditions connected with the founding of cities, the genealogies of ruling families, and the manners and customs of individual peoples. Of scientific criticism there is no trace whatever, and so they are often called " chroniclers" rather than "historians".
The first logographer of note was Cadmus (dated to the
6th century BC), a perhaps mythical resident of Miletus, who wrote on the history of his city. Other logographers flourished from the middle of the 6th century BC until the Greco-Persian Wars; Pherecydes of Leros, who died about 400 BC, is generally considered the last. Hecataeus of Miletus(6th– 5th century BC), in his "Genealogiai", was the first of them to attempt (not entirely successfully) to separate the mythic past from the true historic past, which marked a crucial step in the development of genuine historiography. He is the only source that Herodotus cites by name. After Herodotus, the genre declined, but regained some popularity in the Hellenisticera.
The logographers, though they worked within the same mythic tradition, were distinct from the epic poets of the Trojan War cycle because they wrote in prose, in a non-periodic style which
Aristotle("Rhetoric", 1049a 29) calls λέξις εἰρομένη ("lexis eiromenê", from εἴρω, "eiro", 'attach, join up'), that is, a "continuous" or "running" style.
Dionysius of Halicarnassus("On Thucydides", 5) names those who were most famous in the classical world. They are noted with an asterisk (*) in the following incomplete list of logographers:
Acusilausof Argos, who paraphrased in prose, correcting the tradition where it seemed necessary, the genealogical works of Hesiodin the Ionic dialect. He confined his attention to the prehistoric period and made no attempt at a real history.
Cadmus of Miletus*
* Charon* of
Lampsacus, author of histories of Persia, Libya, and Ethiopia, and of annals of his native town, with lists of the prytaneisand archons, and of the chronicles of Lacedaemonian kings.
Damastesof Sigeum, pupil of Hellanicus, author of genealogies of the combatants before Troy and an ethnographic and statistical list of short treatises on poets, sophists, and geographical subjects.
Hecataeus of Miletus*
Hellanicus of Lesbos*
Hippys* and Glaucus, both of Rhegium; the first wrote histories of Italy and Sicily, the second a treatise on ancient poets and musicians which was used by Harpocrationand Plutarch
Melesagoras* of Chalcedon
Pherecydes of Leros*
Stesimbrotos of Thasos, opponent of Periclesand reputed author of a political pamphlet on Themistocles, Thucydides, and Pericles.
* Xanthus*, of
Sardisin Lydia, author of a history of Lydia and one of the chief authorities used by Nicolausof Damascus.
*"The History of History"; Shotwell, James T. (NY, Columbia University Press, 1939)
*"The Ancient Greek Historians"; Bury, John Bagnell (NY, Dover Publications, 1958)
Georg Busolt, "Griechische Geschichte" (1893), i. 147-153.
C. Wachsmuth, "Einleitung in das Studium der alten Geschichte" (1895).
A. Schafer, "Abriss der Quellenkunde der griechischen und romischen Geschichte" (ed. Heinrich Nissen, 1889).
J. B. Bury, "Ancient Greek Historians" (1909).
J. W. Donaldson, "A History of the Literature of Ancient Greece" (1858), translation of K. O. Müller(ch. 18); and W. Mute(bk, iv. ch. 3).
C. W. Müller, "Fragmenta historicorum Graecorum" (1841–1870).
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Logographer — Lo*gog ra*pher, n. 1. A chronicler; one who writes history in a condensed manner with short simple sentences. [1913 Webster] 2. One skilled in logography. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Charon — may refer to: Ancient world Charon (mythology), in Greek mythology, the ferryman who ferried the dead to the underworld Charon of Lampsacus, ancient Greek logographer (history) Charon, a Theban military commander (fl. mid 4th century BC); see… … Wikipedia
Demosthenes — For other historical and fictional personages named Demosthenes, see Demosthenes (disambiguation). Demosthenes Bust of Demosthenes (Louvre, Paris, France) Born … Wikipedia
Demosthenes — /di mos theuh neez /, n. 384? 322 B.C., Athenian statesman and orator. * * * born 384 BC, Athens died Oct. 12, 322, Calauria, Argolis Athenian statesman known as the greatest orator of ancient Greece. According to Plutarch, he was a stutterer in… … Universalium
ancient Greek civilization — ▪ historical region, Eurasia Introduction the period following Mycenaean civilization, which ended in about 1200 BC, to the death of Alexander the Great, in 323 BC. It was a period of political, philosophical, artistic, and scientific… … Universalium
Dating Creation — Cultures throughout history have attempted to date the beginning of the the world in the past, so methods of dating Creation have involved analysing scriptures or ancient texts. Contents 1 Ancient creation dates 1.1 Chinese 1.2 Greek and Roman … Wikipedia
Hellanicus of Lesbos — (in Ancient Greek polytonic|Ἑλλάνικος) (born in Mytilene on the isle of Lesbos in 490 BC) was an ancient Greek logographer who flourished during the latter half of the 5th century BC. He is reputed to have lived to the age of 85.According to the… … Wikipedia
Age of Pericles — The Golden Age is the term used to denote the historical period in Ancient Greece lasting roughly from the end of the Persian Wars in 448 BC to either the death of Pericles 429 BC or the end of the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC. Pericles an… … Wikipedia
Mytilene — Μυτιλήνη Aerial view of Mytilene … Wikipedia
Heliaia — or Heliaea(Greek: polytonic|Ήλιαία) (Doric: Halia) was the supreme court of ancient Athens. Τhe generally held scientific view is that the court drew its name from the ancient Greek verb polytonic|Ήλιάζεσθαι, which means polytonic|συναθροίζεσθαι … Wikipedia