HMS E11


HMS E11

HMS "E11" was an E-class submarine of the Royal Navy launched on 23 April 1914. "E11" was one of the most successful submarines in action during the 1915 naval operations in the Dardanelles Campaign, sinking over 80 vessels of all sizes in three tours of the Sea of Marmara.

In October 1914 "E11", under the command of Lieutenant-Commander Martin Nasmith, was dispatched to the Baltic Sea along with two other submarines but was twice intercepted by German patrols and forced to return to Harwich. During the Scarborough Raid in December 1914, the "E11" attempted to intercept the German battlecruisers but failed due to faulty torpedoes.

"E11" took part in the Cuxhaven Raid, which culminated on 25 December 1914 in the attack by seven seaplanes from the aircraft tenders HMS "Engadine", HMS "Riviera" and HMS "Empress" (escorted by three cruisers and several destroyers of the Harwich Force) on Zeppelin sheds and other military targets near Cuxhaven. Four of the aircraft failed to regain their ships; three of them landed at the rendezvous point where E11 was waiting and were scuttled, the crews being taken on board. [The rescued pilots were Flight Lieutenant Arnold John Miley (aircraft serial no. "120"), Flight Sub-Lieutenant Vivian Gaskell Blackburn (aircraft serial no. "814") and Flight Commander Douglas Austin Oliver (aircraft serial no. "815).]

In May 1915, still commanded by Nasmith, "E11" arrived at the Dardanelles to join the submarine campaign in the Sea of Marmara. "E11" was the second submarine to undertake a successful tour, following the "E14" which had passed through the straits on 27 April.

The "E11" passed through the Dardanelles on the night of 18 May. Surfacing off the town of Gallipoli, Nasmith captured a Turkish sailing vessel and lashed it to the conning tower to act as a disguise. However, this ruse failed to attract any targets, so after several days he abandoned it. Travelling up the Sea of Marmara, he sank a gunboat and several other small craft on 23 May. The following day, near the port of Rodosto (today Tekirdağ), "E11" encountered the Turkish transport "Nagara", laden with ammunition. Aboard the transport was an American journalist Raymond Swing, from the "Chicago Daily News". Nasmith sank the ship after it was abandoned by the crew and passengers. Nasmith sank another transport and forced one aground before being driven away from the shore by some Turkish cavalry.

On 25 May 1915 "E11" reached Istanbul. Nasmith was searching for the German warships SMS "Goeben" and SMS "Breslau", but when he surfaced at 12:40, he sighted the elderly transport "Stamboul" lying alongside the Tophane Arsenal. Nasmith's first torpedo ran in a circle and nearly struck the "E11", however the second torpedo hit "Stamboul". Under fire from shore-based artillery, "E11" dived to make her escape. Caught in the strong Bosphorus current, "E11" was out of control for 20 minutes until she settled on the bottom near the Maiden's tower. "Stamboul" failed to sink but was beached at Harem. "E11's" attack on Constantinople, the first by an enemy vessel in over 100 years, had an enormous impact on Turkish morale, causing a panic in the city and compelling "Goeben" to shift to a safer mooring.

"E11" returned to the Bosphorus approaches on 27 May and sank more ships but running short of torpedoes and with mounting mechanical problems, Nasmith headed home on 5 June. On his return passage through the Dardanelles he encountered another transport which, despite his vulnerable position and the poor state of the submarine, he attacked and sank with his final two torpedoes. Passing through the Narrows near Çanakkale, "E11" snagged a moored mine. Nasmith had to tow the mine out of the straits before he was able to disentangle the submarine.

On "E11's" first tour, eleven ships were sunk or disabled. For this successful tour Nasmith was awarded the Victoria Cross, the third submarine commander to receive the award during the Dardanelles Campaign.

"E11" was on her second tour when, on 8 August 1915 as a new British landing was underway at Suvla, "E11" torpedoed the antiquated Turkish battleship "Hayreddin Barbarossa" off Bulair at the northern entrance to the Dardanelles. "Hayreddin Barbarossa" was one of two Turkish battleships sunk during the campaign. Visiting Constantinople again, "E11" sank a Black Sea collier as it was preparing to unload — a significant blow as coal was the main fuel source and supplies were scarce. Moving into the Gulf of Izmir, on the night of 20 August, "E11's" first officer, Lieutenant Guy D'Oyly-Hughes, swam ashore and blew up a section of the Constantinople-Baghdad railway line, a feat for which he was awarded the Distinguished Service Order.

"E11" made three tours of the Sea of Marmara and sank in total 27 steamers and 58 smaller vessels.Fact|date=November 2007

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • HMS E11 — E 11 E 11 …   Википедия

  • HMS.E11 — …   Википедия

  • E11 — E11, E 11, E.11 or E 11 may refer to:* HMS E11, a United Kingdom Royal Navy submarine which saw service during World War I * E 11, a road in the United Arab Emirates * E 11 blaster rifle, a fictional weapon from the Star Wars saga * Leytonstone,… …   Wikipedia

  • E11 — steht für: eine Tarifgruppe im Öffentlichen Dienst (TV L/TVÖD) Typ 2 Diabetes, nach dem ICD 10 Code DR Baureihe E 11, eine Elektrolokomotive der Deutschen Reichsbahn in der DDR Europäischer Fernwanderweg E11, von Den Haag in den Niederlanden bis… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • HMS A4 — was an early Royal Navy submarine.She was a member of the first British A class of submarines. Like all her class, she was built at Vickers, Barrow in Furness.She suffered a serious accident, although without casualties, on 16 October 1905 during …   Wikipedia

  • HMS E9 — Das britische U Boot HMS E19, ein Schwesterboot der HMS E9, im Hafen von Reval Baudaten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • HMS Undaunted (1914) — Arethusa Klasse HMS Undaunted …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • E11 — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom.   Sigles d’une seule lettre   Sigles de deux lettres > Sigles de trois lettres   Sigles de quatre lettres …   Wikipédia en Français

  • HMS E8 — HMS E8 …   Википедия

  • HMS E1 — HMS E1 …   Википедия


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.