name = Riobamba
official_name = San Pedro de Riobamba
settlement_type = City
map_caption = Location in Ecuador
dot_x = |dot_y =
pushpin_label_position = bottom
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = ECU
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_name1 = Chimborazo
subdivision_type2 = Canton
subdivision_name2 = Riobamba
parts_type = Parishes
parts_style = coll
parts = Urban Parishes
p1 = Lizarzaburu
p2 = Maldonado
p3 = Velasco
p4 = Veloz
p5 = Yaruquíes
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Ángel Ignacio Yánez Cabrera (MUPP-NP)
established_title = Founded
established_date = August 15, 1534
established_title1 = Relocation
established_date1 = 1799
Diego de Almagro
elevation_m = 2754
population_as_of = 2004
population_note = estimate
population_total = 170000
timezone = ECT
utc_offset = -5
coordinates_display = display=inline,title
latd=1 |latm=40 |lats=27.65 |latNS=S
longd=78 |longm=38 |longs=53.86 |longEW=W
website = [http://municipioderiobamba.gov.ec/ Official website of the municipality]
Riobamba (full name San Pedro de Riobamba) is the capital of the
Chimborazo Provincein central Ecuador, which is located at the Chambo River Valley of the Andes. [ [http://www.galenfrysinger.com/riobamba_ecuador.htm Riobamba, Ecuador - Travel Photos by Galen R Frysinger, Sheboygan, Wisconsin ] ] It is 200 km (125 miles) south of Ecuador's capital Quitoand located at convert|9000|ft|m|-2 on the Avenue of the Volcanoes.
The region surrounding Riobamba was a Puruhá Indian territory before it was conquered by the Incas during the late 15th century. In 1534, the city was founded in the San Miguel plains, becoming the first city in modern-day Ecuador to be established. In 1563 the city became part of the
Spanish Empire's newly-formed Royal Audience of Quito. The city was completely destroyed by earthquake in 1797, but rebuilt a few years later 14 km (9 miles) away from its original location (near a village named Cajabamba in the plains of San Antonio de Aguíscate). The city still retains much architecture from the Spanish period.
Ecuadorian War of IndependenceRiobamba first declared independence on November 11, 1820 but was soon retaken. The city finally became part of an independent Gran Colombiain 1822, and then a separate Republic of Ecuador in 1830.
Geography & climate
Riobamba is located in the center of the country in the sierra region, within close proximity to the Chimborazo volcano. Like many cities in Ecuador, Riobamba has a near constant temperature year-round, with a wet and dry season. Its altitude (2754m) and closeness to Chimborazo give the city a cool climate year-round, with temperatures averaging between 23°C and 14°C.
The economy of the city mainly focuses on the agricultural production of the surrounding local populations. Besides this, Riobamba has an open-air market where indigenous artisans display their wares, where people can find manufactured products as textiles, handicrafts, leather goods, beer, and dairy products. Riobamba is also an important trade center of cattle-ranching.
Universities include [http://www.unach.edu.ec/ Universidad Nacional de Chimborazo] , Escuela Superior Politecnica de Chimborazo, [http://www.ups.edu.ec/ Universidad Politécnica Salesiana] , [http://www.usfq.edu.ec/isq Universidad San Francisco de Quito] , and Instituto Tecnologico superior Isabel de godin.
Riobamba is a mid-level city in Ecuador, and the 10th largest in terms of population. It is the urban center of the Riobamaba canton, with a historic center that has a number of well-preserved churches.
The main celebration in Riobamba is Fiesta del Niño Rey de Reyes, which starts in December and ends on January 6. It has many colorful parades and music during the festivities. Another celebration is Riobamba's Independence Day on 21st of April. During those days people enjoy many concerts, drinking and lively parades. As most of the population does not work during these festivals, it is very difficult to find accommodation or any other service. The last festivity in Riobamba is its Foundation, which takes place at the 11th of November. [http://www.thebestofecuador.com/riobamba.htm Riobamba - Ecuador ] ]
* Ateno de ChimborazoIt is a privately run museum with sculptures, furniture, photographic materials, and documented memorabilia, located on Velasco 24-25 and Velóz.
* ArmasIt exhibits a wide selection of uniforms, arms as well as religious materials which depict various epochs of Ecuador's history, located on Ave. Héroes de Tapi.
* Arte Relegioso de la ConcepciónThis museum has a gem-encrusted gold monstrance. The art encased in this religious collection is comes from the 18th century. entry. [ [http://www.thebestofecuador.com/riobamba.htm#museums Riobamba - Ecuador ] ]
* Ciecias Naturales del Colegio Maldonado
* Casa de Bolivar
* Antropológico del Banco Central
* Etnográfico de la Casa de la Cultura
Churches in Riobamba include Catedral, Basílica del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús, Concepción, La Merced, San Antonio, San Alfonso, Casa Madre, and Capilla del Colegio San Felipe Neri.
Riobamba is a good base to climb Carihuairazo, Chimborazo, Sangay and Altar. There is a ball game in Riobamba called "the mamona", which is played with a leather ball. It is usually played by the locals all afternoons at the Plaza Roja. Mountain biking is another common sport. Swimming can be practiced in CENAEST, where temperate swimming pools and Spa attract many tourists. Cockfights are usually seen during Riobamba's festivities and on weekends at the Gallera San Francisco. [ [http://www.thebestofecuador.com/riobamba.htm#sports Riobamba - Ecuador ] ] Riobamba is the home city of one top-level football club,
Centro Deportivo Olmedo.
* [http://municipioderiobamba.gov.ec/ Official website of the municipality (In Spanish)]
* [http://www.radioanidnafm.com Radio Andina Riobamba]
* [http://www.go-today.com/site_gtweb/travel/riobamba-travel.asp Riobamba City Guide]
* [http://www.world66.com/southamerica/ecuador/riobamba/ Riobamba Travel Guide]
* [http://www.travelpost.com/SA/Ecuador/Chimborazo/Riobamba/map/5923039/ Interactive Chimborazo Map]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Riobamba — Administration Pays … Wikipédia en Français
Riobamba — • City forming the base for the diocese of Bolivarensis, suffragan of Quito, Ecuador Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Riobamba Riobamba … Catholic encyclopedia
Riobamba — Riobamba, 1) früher Intendanz in der Provinz Quito des ehemaligen spanischen Vicekönigreichs Neu Granada (Südamerika); jetzt 2) (Chimborazo), Provinz des Departements Ecuador der südamerikanischen Republik Ecuador; 3) Hauptstadt darin, am Fuß des … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Riobamba — Riobamba, Stadt in Ecuador, s. Cajabamba … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Riobamba — Riobamba, Cajabamba, Hauptstadt der Prov. Chimborasso in Ecuador, südöstl. vom Chimborasso, (1897) 18.000 E. [Karte: Südamerika I, 2] … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Riobamba — es una ciudad en Ecuador, capital de la provincia de Chimborazo. Se encuentra en el centro geográfico del país, en la cordillera de los Andes, cerca de diversos volcanes, como el Chimborazo, el Altar y el Carihuayrazo. La ciudad fue fundada en… … Enciclopedia Universal
Riobamba — [rrio βamba], Hauptstadt der Provinz Chimborazo, Ecuador, 2 754 m über dem Meeresspiegel in einem erdbebenreichen Hochbecken südöstlich des Chimborazo, 94 500 Einwohner; Bischofssitz; TH; wichtiges Handels und landwirtschaftliches… … Universal-Lexikon
Riobamba — Para otros usos de este término, véase Riobamba (cantón). San Pedro de Riobamba Riobamba … Wikipedia Español
Riobamba — 1.6666666666667 78.652750 Koordinaten: 1° 40′ S, 78° 39′ W Riobamba … Deutsch Wikipedia
Riobamba — /ree oh bahm beuh/; Sp. /rddee aw vahm bah/, n. a city in central Ecuador in the Andes, near the Chimborazo volcano. 58,087. * * * ▪ Ecuador city, central Ecuador. It is situated in the central highlands at an elevation of about 9,000 feet… … Universalium