Riobamba


Riobamba

Infobox Settlement
name = Riobamba
official_name = San Pedro de Riobamba
other_name =
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nickname =
settlement_type = City
total_type =
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map_caption = Location in Ecuador


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subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = ECU
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_name1 = Chimborazo
subdivision_type2 = Canton
subdivision_name2 = Riobamba
seat_type =
seat =
parts_type = Parishes
parts_style = coll
parts = Urban Parishes
p1 = Lizarzaburu
p2 = Maldonado
p3 = Velasco
p4 = Veloz
p5 = Yaruquíes
government_footnotes =
government_type =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Ángel Ignacio Yánez Cabrera (MUPP-NP)
leader_title1 =
leader_name1 =
established_title = Founded
established_date = August 15, 1534
established_title1 = Relocation
established_date1 = 1799
founder = Diego de Almagro
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elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 2754
elevation_ft =
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population_as_of = 2004
population_footnotes =
population_note = estimate
population_total = 170000
population_density_km2 =
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timezone = ECT
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST =
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latd=1 |latm=40 |lats=27.65 |latNS=S
longd=78 |longm=38 |longs=53.86 |longEW=W
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area_code =
website = [http://municipioderiobamba.gov.ec/ Official website of the municipality]
footnotes =

Riobamba (full name San Pedro de Riobamba) is the capital of the Chimborazo Province in central Ecuador, which is located at the Chambo River Valley of the Andes. [ [http://www.galenfrysinger.com/riobamba_ecuador.htm Riobamba, Ecuador - Travel Photos by Galen R Frysinger, Sheboygan, Wisconsin ] ] It is 200 km (125 miles) south of Ecuador's capital Quito and located at convert|9000|ft|m|-2 on the Avenue of the Volcanoes.

History

The region surrounding Riobamba was a Puruhá Indian territory before it was conquered by the Incas during the late 15th century. In 1534, the city was founded in the San Miguel plains, becoming the first city in modern-day Ecuador to be established. In 1563 the city became part of the Spanish Empire's newly-formed Royal Audience of Quito. The city was completely destroyed by earthquake in 1797, but rebuilt a few years later 14 km (9 miles) away from its original location (near a village named Cajabamba in the plains of San Antonio de Aguíscate). The city still retains much architecture from the Spanish period.

In the Ecuadorian War of Independence Riobamba first declared independence on November 11, 1820 but was soon retaken. The city finally became part of an independent Gran Colombia in 1822, and then a separate Republic of Ecuador in 1830.

Geography & climate

Riobamba is located in the center of the country in the sierra region, within close proximity to the Chimborazo volcano. Like many cities in Ecuador, Riobamba has a near constant temperature year-round, with a wet and dry season. Its altitude (2754m) and closeness to Chimborazo give the city a cool climate year-round, with temperatures averaging between 23°C and 14°C.

Economy

The economy of the city mainly focuses on the agricultural production of the surrounding local populations. Besides this, Riobamba has an open-air market where indigenous artisans display their wares, where people can find manufactured products as textiles, handicrafts, leather goods, beer, and dairy products. Riobamba is also an important trade center of cattle-ranching.

Education

Universities include [http://www.unach.edu.ec/ Universidad Nacional de Chimborazo] , Escuela Superior Politecnica de Chimborazo, [http://www.ups.edu.ec/ Universidad Politécnica Salesiana] , [http://www.usfq.edu.ec/isq Universidad San Francisco de Quito] , and Instituto Tecnologico superior Isabel de godin.

Cityscape

Riobamba is a mid-level city in Ecuador, and the 10th largest in terms of population. It is the urban center of the Riobamaba canton, with a historic center that has a number of well-preserved churches.

Festivals

The main celebration in Riobamba is Fiesta del Niño Rey de Reyes, which starts in December and ends on January 6. It has many colorful parades and music during the festivities. Another celebration is Riobamba's Independence Day on 21st of April. During those days people enjoy many concerts, drinking and lively parades. As most of the population does not work during these festivals, it is very difficult to find accommodation or any other service. The last festivity in Riobamba is its Foundation, which takes place at the 11th of November. [http://www.thebestofecuador.com/riobamba.htm Riobamba - Ecuador ] ]

Museums

* Ateno de ChimborazoIt is a privately run museum with sculptures, furniture, photographic materials, and documented memorabilia, located on Velasco 24-25 and Velóz.
* ArmasIt exhibits a wide selection of uniforms, arms as well as religious materials which depict various epochs of Ecuador's history, located on Ave. Héroes de Tapi.
* Arte Relegioso de la ConcepciónThis museum has a gem-encrusted gold monstrance. The art encased in this religious collection is comes from the 18th century. entry. [ [http://www.thebestofecuador.com/riobamba.htm#museums Riobamba - Ecuador ] ]
* Ciecias Naturales del Colegio Maldonado
* Casa de Bolivar
* Córdova-Román
* Antropológico del Banco Central
* Etnográfico de la Casa de la Cultura

Churches

Churches in Riobamba include Catedral, Basílica del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús, Concepción, La Merced, San Antonio, San Alfonso, Casa Madre, and Capilla del Colegio San Felipe Neri.

ports

Riobamba is a good base to climb Carihuairazo, Chimborazo, Sangay and Altar. There is a ball game in Riobamba called "the mamona", which is played with a leather ball. It is usually played by the locals all afternoons at the Plaza Roja. Mountain biking is another common sport. Swimming can be practiced in CENAEST, where temperate swimming pools and Spa attract many tourists. Cockfights are usually seen during Riobamba's festivities and on weekends at the Gallera San Francisco. [ [http://www.thebestofecuador.com/riobamba.htm#sports Riobamba - Ecuador ] ] Riobamba is the home city of one top-level football club, Centro Deportivo Olmedo.

References

External links

* [http://municipioderiobamba.gov.ec/ Official website of the municipality (In Spanish)]
* [http://www.radioanidnafm.com Radio Andina Riobamba]
* [http://www.go-today.com/site_gtweb/travel/riobamba-travel.asp Riobamba City Guide]
* [http://www.world66.com/southamerica/ecuador/riobamba/ Riobamba Travel Guide]
* [http://www.travelpost.com/SA/Ecuador/Chimborazo/Riobamba/map/5923039/ Interactive Chimborazo Map]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Riobamba — Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Riobamba — • City forming the base for the diocese of Bolivarensis, suffragan of Quito, Ecuador Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Riobamba     Riobamba      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Riobamba — Riobamba, 1) früher Intendanz in der Provinz Quito des ehemaligen spanischen Vicekönigreichs Neu Granada (Südamerika); jetzt 2) (Chimborazo), Provinz des Departements Ecuador der südamerikanischen Republik Ecuador; 3) Hauptstadt darin, am Fuß des …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Riobamba — Riobamba, Stadt in Ecuador, s. Cajabamba …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Riobamba — Riobamba, Cajabamba, Hauptstadt der Prov. Chimborasso in Ecuador, südöstl. vom Chimborasso, (1897) 18.000 E. [Karte: Südamerika I, 2] …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Riobamba — es una ciudad en Ecuador, capital de la provincia de Chimborazo. Se encuentra en el centro geográfico del país, en la cordillera de los Andes, cerca de diversos volcanes, como el Chimborazo, el Altar y el Carihuayrazo. La ciudad fue fundada en… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Riobamba —   [rrio βamba], Hauptstadt der Provinz Chimborazo, Ecuador, 2 754 m über dem Meeresspiegel in einem erdbebenreichen Hochbecken südöstlich des Chimborazo, 94 500 Einwohner; Bischofssitz; TH; wichtiges Handels und landwirtschaftliches… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Riobamba — Para otros usos de este término, véase Riobamba (cantón). San Pedro de Riobamba Riobamba …   Wikipedia Español

  • Riobamba — 1.6666666666667 78.652750 Koordinaten: 1° 40′ S, 78° 39′ W Riobamba …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Riobamba — /ree oh bahm beuh/; Sp. /rddee aw vahm bah/, n. a city in central Ecuador in the Andes, near the Chimborazo volcano. 58,087. * * * ▪ Ecuador       city, central Ecuador. It is situated in the central highlands at an elevation of about 9,000 feet… …   Universalium


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