Canadian Forces Military Police


Canadian Forces Military Police
Canadian Forces Military Police
Shoulder-patch.gif
Opperational Patrol Dress Shoulder Patch of the CF Military Police
Mplogo b.png
Hat Badge of the CF Military Police
Motto Securitas
Securing
Agency overview
Formed 1956
Employees 1,230
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Federal agency Canada
Constituting instruments
General nature
Operational structure
Elected officer responsible The Honourable Peter MacKay, Minister of National Defence
Agency executive Colonel T.D. Grubb, CD, Canadian Forces Provost Marshal
Parent agency Canadian Forces
Website
http://www.vcds-vcemd.forces.gc.ca/cfpm-gpfc/index-eng.asp

The Canadian Forces Military Police provide military police services to the Canadian Forces.

Canadian Military Police are unusual in that they are classified as Peace Officers in the Criminal Code of Canada, which gives them the same powers as civilian law enforcement personnel to enforce Acts of Parliament on DND property or in relation to DND property anywhere in the world. They have the power to arrest anyone who is subject to the Code of Service Discipline (CDS), regardless of position or rank under the National Defence Act. MPs have the power to arrest non-CDS bound civilians only in cases where a crime is committed on or in relation to DND property, or at the request of the Minister of Public Safety, Commissioner of the Correctional Service of Canada or Commissioner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.[1][2][3] Although MP jurisdiction is on military establishments across Canada and throughout the world, any civilian accessing these areas falls under MP jurisdiction and are dealt with in the same manner as any civilian policing agency. If in fact a crime is committed on or in relation to DND property, CFMP have the power to arrest and charge the offender, military or civilian, on or off DND property. It is important to note though that the purpose of the CFMP is not to replace the job of a civilian police officer, but rather to support the Canadian Forces through security and policing services [4][5]

Members of the CF may be classified as Peace Officer when they are engaging "in the course of any military operation, training or administration, either as a result of a specific order or established military custom or practice." However, an Order in Council must be used to delegate such authority under section 2(g)(ii) of the Criminal Code of Canada.[1]

Contents

History

Canadian military police participate in the 24th annual Golden Coyote exercise in June. The exercise, hosted by the South Dakota National Guard, was held in the southern Black Hills of South Dakota.

During the early 1960s, the Canadian Government was exploring the possibility of amalgamating the three military services into a single, unified command structure. The Royal Canadian Navy, Canadian Army and Royal Canadian Air Force became the Sea, Land, and Air Elements of the Canadian Forces. Individual corps and services common to the three elements, such as signals, medical, ordnance and chaplains, were unified and designated as personnel branches. New uniforms were authorized, and the rank structure unified.

The official march of the Canadian Forces Military Police is "Thunderbird" [6].

Single Service Military Police organizations

Prior to this unification, military security and police functions were performed differently by each arm of service.

The Army had divided the responsibility for security between the Canadian Provost Corps (C Pro C) and the Canadian Intelligence Corps (C Int C). Field inquiries were conducted by the security sections of the C Int C, whilst the police functions of the C Pro C involved the provision and supervision of guards, the operation of Service Detention Barracks, and the investigation of service (disciplinary) and criminal offences.

The Royal Canadian Air Force Police (AFP) had the dual tasks of performing both police and security duties and were under the command of the base on which they served.

Security in the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) was the responsibility of the Assistant Director Naval Intelligence, who reported to the Director of Naval Headquarters. The navy had no police organization comparable to the C Pro C or the AFP, but relied on the Dockyard Police, Corps of Commissionaires, local civil police and shore patrols to maintain security of establishments and to maintain discipline.

Amalgamation

All police and security were initially amalgamated when the Directorate of Security was formed during October 1964 at Canadian Forces Headquarters. When the functional command structure was introduced in April 1966, the security staffs and Provost Marshals in existing single service command structures were eliminated, command and base security officers were appointed at the new HQs, and the investigative elements of the Services were joined into a single organisation called the Special Investigative Unit (SIU).

To achieve a common approach within the Canadian Forces, security and police functions were regrouped into three categories - personnel security, police and custody, and security of information and materiel. The five trades that had previous existed were replaced by a single trade of Military Police. This also provided standards for the training required by all non-commissioned officers in the police and security field.

In June 1966, Major-General Gilles Turcot was instructed to examine the role, organisation and responsibilities for security within the Canadian Forces and to make recommendations for any changes. At the time there were two philosophies within the police, intelligence and security families. The Director General Intelligence saw a distinction between police and security, but saw a closer relationship between security and intelligence. The Chief of Personnel saw the police and security functions as complementary. The Turcot Report, when completed on 22 July 1966, directed that the responsibility for security should be placed under the DGI.

In January 1967, the Chief of Defence Staff directed the Director General Intelligence to perform a management analysis in order to make recommendations for the future management system for Intelligence, Security and Military Police in the Canadian Armed Forces. The Picquet Report, which was submitted in March 1967, concluded that security, intelligence and police should be managed by a Directorate General Intelligence and Security (DGIS) in the Vice Chief of Defence Staff Branch.

On February 1, 1968, the Police and Intelligence units of the Royal Canadian Navy, Canadian Army and Royal Canadian Air Force were amalgamated into the Canadian Armed Forces Security and Intelligence Branch. New insignia, Branch Colours and a Branch March ("Thunderbird") were approved.

Since amalgamation

With the C Pro C gone, Military Police platoons were integrated into Service Battalions. It was deemed that the Service Battalions would provide all support, including MP support, to the units in each brigade. Only in 1971 did the Regular Force MP units leave the Service Battalions to be established as independent units.

In 1978, the Craven Report proposed that the CF Police and Intelligence personnel comprising the unified Security Branch be reorganized into a structured Security Branch and an Intelligence Branch. Following further studies, discussions and recommendations, the DGIS agreed, and on 3 December 1981, the CDS directed that separate Security and Intelligence Branches be established. On 29 October 1982, a ceremony was held at the Canadian Forces School of Intelligence and Security that inaugurated the new Canadian Forces Intelligence Branch and rededicated the newly renamed Security And Military Police Branch.

In 1989, the Canadian Government decided to pull the Canadian Military out of Germany, and 4 Military Police Platoon was disbanded.

On 1 April 1997, the Canadian Army was restructured, allowing the Reserve Military Police Platoons to become independent units operating in support of their brigade.

After recommendations were made by former Chief Justice Brian Dickson in the Dickson Report, a new era was ushered in for the Security Branch. Changes included the re-establishment of the Canadian Forces Provost Marshal

In 1999, the branch was renamed again and designated the Military Police Branch, under the command of the Canadian Forces Provost Marshal.

Training

Canadian Forces School of Military Intelligence

During 1968, the Provost Corps School was renamed the Canadian Forces School of Intelligence and Security (CFSIS). On 1 April 1999, the CFSIS was stood down. The Intelligence Training Company was reformed as the Canadian Forces School of Military Intelligence - Project (CFSMI), to be located at CFB Kingston.

Canadian Military Police Academy

The Military Police component was reorganized to form the Canadian Forces Military Police Academy (CFMPA) and is located at CFB Borden in Borden, Ontario. The CFMPA provides career and specialist training to Regular and Reserve Force members of the Military Police Branch. In addition, CFMPA provides security-related training to non-Branch personnel of the Regular and Reserve Forces. Under the Military Training Assistance Program, CFMPA also provides training to personnel from other government and law enforcement agencies and to foreign nationals.[7]

In 2004 Managing Authority for CFMPA was transferred from Canadian Forces Training Systems Group to the CFPM, who now exercises full control of Career and Out of Service Training for the Military Police. The CFMPA has most recently changed over to the faculty system which will aid in providing more knowledgeable training staff. The CFMPA is currently in the process of searching for and the development of a new training facility.

Deployment

Military police officers serve on every base and station of the Canadian Forces in Canada, as well as with the various regiments and battalions. MPs continue to serve with United Nations forces and as part of the NATO component in Geilenkirchen, Germany, as well as in twenty-nine military police security guard detachments at Canadian embassies around the world. All CFBs have military police sections in domestic policing and security roles.

There are military police units at:

Canadian Naval Military Police Group (Naval MP Gp):

Military Police Unit Borden (Regular) - Borden, Ontario

Military Police Unit Ottawa (Regular) - Ottawa, Ontario


Canadian Land Forces Military Police Group (LF MP Gp):

1 Military Police Regiment (1 MP Regt) includes:

2 Military Police Regiment (2 MP Regt) includes:

  • 2 MP Regt HQ - Toronto, Ontario
  • 2 Military Police Platoon (Regular) - Petawawa, Ontario
  • 2 Military Police Company Headquarters (Reserve) - Toronto, Ontario
    (In 2006, 2 Military Police Company was amalgamated into 2 Military Police Unit, a "total force" unit)
  • ASU Petawawa Military Police Platoon (Regular) - Petawawa, Ontario
  • ASU Kingston Military Police Platoon (Regular) - Kingston, Ontario
  • ASU Northern Ontario Military Police Detachment (Regular) - North Bay, Ontario
  • ASU Toronto Military Police Section (Regular) - Toronto, Ontario
  • ASU London Military Police Section (Regular) - London, Ontario
  • LFCA TC Meaford Military Police Section (Regular) - Meaford, Ontario

3 Military Police Regiment (3 MP Regt) includes:
3 MP Regt HQ - Lower Sackville, Nova Scotia

5 Military Police Regiment (5 MP Regt) includes:

  • 5 MP Regt HQ - Montreal, Quebec
  • 5 Military Police Platoon (Regular) - Valcartier, Quebec
  • 4 Military Police Company Headquarters - Quebec City, Quebec
    • 43 Military Police Platoon (Reserve) - Jonquière, Quebec
    • 51 Military Police Platoon (Reserve) - Saint-Hubert, Quebec
    • 55 Military Police Platoon (Reserve) - Quebec City, Quebec
  • ASU Valcartier Military Police Platoon (Regular) - Valcartier, Quebec
  • ASU Saint Jean Military Police Section (Regular) - Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec

Canadian Air Force Military Police Group (AF MP Gp):

Order of precedence

Preceded by
Chaplain Branch
Canadian Forces Military Police Succeeded by
Legal Branch

Equipment

Regular police vehicles are painted white with two red stripes and police logo. Armed members also drive trucks painted military green.

Model Type Number Dates Builder Details
Ford Crown Victoria Cruiser 2008 Ford
Chevrolet Impala Cruiser 2006 Chevrolet
Dodge Charger Cruiser 2010 Dodge
Mercedes Benz G-Wagen Truck Mercedes-Benz
Ford Explorer SUV cruiser 2008 Ford
Chevrolet Tahoe SUV cruiser 2008 Chevrolet
Chevrolet Silverado Pick Up 2008 Chevrolet
Milcots Pick Up Chevrolet
Sig Sauer P225 Pistol 2001
C7 / C7A1 / C8 / C6 Rifles 1984
ASP Baton Baton

See also

Canadian Forces emblem.svg Canadian Armed Forces portal

References

  1. ^ a b Military Police and Reports on Persons in Custody
  2. ^ GOVERNANCE OF THE CANADIAN FORCES MILITARY POLICE (P.32)
  3. ^ Military Police Powers
  4. ^ R. v. Nolan, [1987 1 S.C.R. 1212]
  5. ^ http://www.forces.ca/en/job/militarypolice-75#info-1
  6. ^ Canadian Forces publication A-AD-200-000/AG-000, "The Honours, Flags and Heritage Structure of the Canadian Forces"
  7. ^ www.recruiting.forces.gc.ca/v3/engraph/resources/educationtraining_en.aspx

External links



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