Epifania


Epifania

Infobox Painting


title=Epifania
artist=Michelangelo
year=c. 1550–53
museum=British Museum
city=London
type=black chalk on paper
height=232
width=165

"Epifania" (Italian - Epiphany) is a cartoon or drawing in black chalk by Michelangelo, produced in Rome around 1550–1553. It is 2.32 metres tall by 1.65 m wide, and is made up of 26 sheets of paper.

The composition shows the Virgin Mary, with the Christ child standing between her legs. An adult male figure to the right, probably St Joseph, is pushed away by Mary. In front of him is the infant St John the Baptist. The adult figure standing to Mary's left is unidentified, as are other figures only just visible in the background. Michelangelo repeatedly changed the composition and its forms, as its apparent in the cartoon's alterations. The composition was originally thought to be of the Three Kings, which may be the reason for the title, but is now understood as referring to Christ's siblings mentioned in the Gospels (explained by Saint Epiphanias—another possible source for the title—as Joseph's sons by a previous marriage, and hence Mary's stepsons, leaving their marriage unconsummated—hence her pushing Joseph away—and Mary forever a virgin).

Michelangelo's biographer Ascanio Condivi used this cartoon for an unfinished painting. A 19th-century Scottish collector called John Malcolm of Poltalloch in Scotland bought it for only £11 0s 6d. and, on John's death in 1893, his son John Wingfield Malcolm gave it to the Museum (with Parliament voting £25,000 to purchase the rest of his collection for the Museum two years later). The cartoon is now on display in Gallery 90 of the Museum, and has the catalogue reference PD 1895-9-15-518.

References

*J.A. Gere and N. Turner, Drawings by Michelangelo in th, exh. cat. (London, The British Museum Press, 1975)
*M. Hirst, Michelangelo and his drawings (New Haven and London, Yale University Press, 1988)
*M. Royalton-Kisch, H. Chapman and S. Coppel, Old Master drawings from the M, exh. cat. (London, The British Museum Press, 1996)
*J. Wilde, Italian drawings in the Depa-2 (London, The British Museum Press, 1953)

External links

* [http://www.britishmuseum.org/explore/highlights/highlight_objects/pd/m/michelangelo_buonarroti,_epifa.aspx The British Museum]


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  • epifania — /epifa nia/ s.f. [dal lat. tardo epiphanīa, gr. epipháneia, in origine agg. neutro pl., (feste) dell apparizione e quindi manifestazione (della divinità) ]. 1. (eccles.) a. [festività (6 gennaio) in cui si commemora la visita dei re Magi a Gesù… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

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  • epifanía — (Del lat. epiphanīa, y este del gr. ἐπιφάνεια, manifestación). 1. f. Manifestación, aparición. 2. Festividad que celebra la Iglesia anualmente el día 6 de enero. ORTOGR. Escr. con may. inicial …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Epifanía — (Del gr. epiphaneia, aparición.) ► sustantivo femenino RELIGIÓN Festividad católica que se celebra el seis de enero, para conmemorar la adoración de los reyes magos. SINÓNIMO [adoración de los reyes] * * * Epifanía (del lat. «epiphanīa», del gr.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • epifanía — {{#}}{{LM E44365}}{{〓}} {{[}}epifanía{{]}} ‹e·pi·fa·ní·a› {{《}}▍ s.f.{{》}} Manifestación o aparición. {{★}}{{\}}ETIMOLOGÍA:{{/}} Del latín epiphania, y este del griego epifáneia (manifestación). {{★}}{{\}}USO:{{/}} Se usa como nombre propio… …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos

  • epifania — e|pi|fa|ni|a Mot Pla Nom femení …   Diccionari Català-Català


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